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Transcript of D.A.R.E
It's time to cut back
What is D.A.R.E?
Drug Abuse Resistance Education
Aims to help children understand the dangers of drugs and alcohol
Hopes to reduce the use of drugs and alcohol in kids and young adults
75% of schools in the US provide this program
Focuses on "gateway drugs"
The Dangers of D.A.R.E
Some reasons to keep it around
D.A.R.E is the most prevalent school based substance abuse prevention program in the United States
D.A.R.E improves decision making an attitude towards drug use
by: Jenna Ferranti
How many of you have ever had a drink of alcohol?
How many of you have
participated in D.A.R.E?
Associated with increase drug use
Respond negatively to
Lures parents into a false sense of security
First year: 6 million students at a cost of $750 million (about $125 per student)
1-1.3 billion dollars
Total revenues - 3.7 million
D.A.R.E.'s former president, Charlie Parsons, made an annual salary of $215,040 (four other executives also earned six-figure salaries)
D.A.R.E. participants reported a 3%-5% higher rate of drug use than kids who didn't participate
Coursework led to an 3%-4% increase in alcohol and cigarette use among 11th grade students
40% of students were "not at all" influenced by D.A.R.E., and nearly 70% had neutral to negative feelings about those leading the program
33% of middle school students and 90% of high school students reported "negative" or "indifferent" feelings towards D.A.R.E.
D.A.R.E lost its meaning and becomes tedious.
Parents take a backseat to educating their kids about drugs and alcohol
"A lot of parents aren't doing their jobs, and we're left to do that job [at school], telling them things they ought to be taught about at home... There's only so much that teachers and police officers can do before parents must take over."
Offer D.A.R.E as a after school club/course
Minimize the expense for the school districts
Make the information less tedious
Allow kids to go on their own time
Offers parents a bigger role in their child's education of drugs and alcohol
- Three fatal drunk driving accidents
- One over dose
- Alcohol poisoning
Barnett, E. (1998, August 17). The DARE Debate. Weekly Wire. Retrieved December 7, 2013, from weeklywire.com
Berman, G., Fox, A., Center for Court Innovation (U.S.), & United States. (2009). Lessons from the battle over D.A.R.E: The complicated relationship between research and practice. New York, NY: Center for Court Innovation.
Birkeland, S., Murphy-Graham, E., & Weiss, C. (n.d.). Good Reasons for Ignoring Good Evaluation: The Case of the Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.) Program. Evaluation and Program Planning. Retrieved December 7, 2012, from http://www.uic.edu/sph/prepare/courses/chs
Hamilton, D. (1997, March 20). The Truth about DARE: The Big-Bucks Antidrug Program for Kids Doesn't Work. Los Angeles Times, pp. 7-9.
Implementing project D.A.R.E: Drug Abuse Resistance Education . (1988). Bureau of Justice Assistance : American Journal of Public Health.
Rosenbaum, D., & Hanson, G. (1998). Assessing the Effects of School-based Drug Education: A 6-year Multilevel Analysis of Project D.A.R.E.. Chicago : Department of Criminal Justice and Center for Research in Law and Justice University of Illinois at Chicago.
Shepard, E. (2002). A New Study Finds... We Wasted Billions on D.A.R.E.. Reconsider Quarterly, 1(4), 6-11.
Sloboda, Z. (2012, March 17). A New D.A.R.E. Curriculum Gets Mixed Reviews. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Retrieved December 7, 2013, from http://www.rwjf.org/en/research-publications/find-rwjf-research/2010/03/a-new-d-a-r-e--curriculum-gets-mixed-reviews.html
United States., & Education Development Center. (1988). Implementing project DARE: Drug abuse resistance education : implementation manual : information and operation guide for law enforcement personnel, education personnel, and federal, state and local agencies replicating the DARE Program. Washington, D.C: Bureau of Justice Assistance.
West, S., & O'Neal, K. (2004). Project D.A.R.E. Outcome Effectiveness Revisited. American Journal of Public Health, 94, 1027-1029.