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Transcript of Greek Theatre
Participate in government of Athens
Lead the Council of 500, which thought up laws.
Vote on those laws, talking over any changes that needed to be made.
In times of war, fight for Athens Free men born outside Athens
Free men whose parents were not citizens of Athens
allowed to live, work & earn money in Athens
no political rights
could not vote
could not speak in a court of law
might have to fight for Athens in wartime Same social class as their nearest male relative or husband
No political rights
Could not own land or earn money
Could not vote or speak in a court of law
Married women had to obey their husbands & run the home Had no legal rights
Some masters allowed their slaves to work and earn money to buy their freedom
Freed slaves could never be a citizen
Had to work hard & obey their masters Politics Democracy Monarchy Military Power! Persians Athens Sparta Persian Wars Peloponnesian War "The Persians" "The Trojan Woman" 549-330 BC 27 Years The cultural achievement of Greeks in arts and particularly in theater was one of the most remarkable in the history of the world. With only a limited cultural inheritance from the past to build upon as a foundation, they produced intellectual and artistic achievements, which have served generations ever since.
What we Thought? Lived above mountain Olympus
14 main Gods
Controlled different natural or social forces King of gods
lightning Zues Poseiden Zeus’s brother
King of the sea
Horses Brother to Zeus and Poseidon
King of the Underworld (Tartarus)
Husband of Persphone Hades Ares God of war! Hephaestus God of fire
Artisans Apollo God of light
Medicine Hermes Messenger to the gods
God of Trade
Thieves & scoundrels Dionysus God of Wine
Partying! (Revelry) Hera Queen of gods
Childbirth Demeter Goddess of Harvest
Mom to Persephone Hestia Goddess of Hearth
Community Athena Goddess of wisdom
War Aphrodite Goddess of love
Sexuality Artemis Goddess of hunting
Moon Gods & Goddess Sacrifices Were usually made at the altar of the gods.
Individual faith was personal
Religion was more of public action made as a public performance for the greater good of the community
Sacrifice of an animal that took on all sins of the community would become remedy for the sinful actions of the community Did Religion play a part in theatre? Yes! Paintings of the gods for props or even mask with the faces of gods that hanged from trees in the plays were used in plays Sacred to the Greeks Theatre Athena's olive tree and her owl Heroes Gods Temple of Hephaestus How was Theatre born in the Greek era? In respect for Demeter the harvest goddess Greeks started to festive in honor of the gods and in those festivals theater was born. The Greeks believed that acting out in prayer to the gods would please them even at that time mask were invented to make the plays more consisted. Three Main Portions of Greek Theatre:
The Stage Skene – Portion of stage where actors performed (included 1-3 doors in and out) Orchestra – “Dancing Place” where chorus sang to the audience Theatron – Seating for audience
The Annual Dionysian Competition between three tragic playwrights at the Theater of Dionysius
Once in spring and once in winter
Each submitted three tragedies, plus a satyr play
Aristotle claimed that Aeschilus added the second actor, and that Sophocles introduced the third
beginning in the morning and lasting until the evening The style of the plays Why did this change happen? Persia destroyed Athens
In the recontruction of Athens theatre became formalized
Theatre united Athenians and gave them a new way of telling stories. Scenography The theatres were originally built on a very large scale to accommodate the large number of people on stage (14,000)
Mathematics played a large role in the construction of these theatres
designers had to be able to create acoustics in them such that the actors' voices could be heard throughout the theatre, including the very top row of seats Change First wooden seats
Reserved for priests and a few most respected citizens
Masks Audience Point of view
Facial expression Costumes
"Sock and Buskin"
Men with women roles
-Prostemeda People from Ancient Greek
Who played the Actors?
Who played the Directors?
Who were the playwrights and funders for the plays?
What did the plays reflect about the society? Major people Type of Plays?
Comedy Where there any hot topics? Absolutely! Loss
Impact of war
State vs. family and etc. Aeschylus Homer Socrates Archimedes Parmenidas Credits Researched By:
Ahmed Presented By:
Ahmed © 2011
Theatre 1352 production When Echo tried to get Narcissus to love her, she was denied.
Saddened, she shriveled to nothing, her existence melting into a rock.
Only her voice remained.
Hence, the echo!