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Food Culture between East & West

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Camille Bellera

on 16 April 2014

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Transcript of Food Culture between East & West

Food Culture between East & West
why do we chose this subject ?
table manner
Traditional Meals
Eastern culture : chinese case
Food is one of the important way for health caring, hence, Chinese food culture pay attention to the the nature of food kind and the way of cooking
Meaning that the diversify of food is needed to achieve a balance
western culture : norhtern & southern europe
Differs between the different countries, but still some similarities
Regional differences due to history, geography, climate and other factors
Chinese breakfast
Congee with Youtiao
Traditional Chinese fried noodles
(Chinese doughnut)
Soybean Milk with Cifantuan
Chinese breakfast
Yum Cha
Chinese style morning or afternoon tea
Originally from GuongZhou and later, the culture of tea house spread all over china (cheap and tasty)
Chinese tea with “dim sum”
Char Siu Baau, siu mai, dumplings, etc.
There is also some typical desserts:
Egg tarts, sai mai lo

western breakfast
Big hearty breakfasts in some countries, very light (and sweet) breakfasts in others
A breakfast buffet with yogurt, muesli, oatmeal, coffee,juice, tea, sandwiches and eggs.
Or a lighter and sweeter breakfast with some croissants and an espresso.
chinese lunch
Shrimp Dumpling Soup:
Hong Kong-style bundles of minced shrimp with hearty egg noodles
Chow Fun:
A kind of popular Cantonese staple
Stir fried noodles with beef in a savory sauce
Mapo Tofu:
western lunch
Varies depending on the country’s weather. A big meal for lunch or a light lunch in the sun
Common to have your own plate instead of sharing it with others
western dinner
Heavy or light dinner, depending on the weather
More pasta and potatoes compared to East, less rice and noodles compared to East
Heavier and richer dinners in the north of Europe, lighter and healthier in the south of Europe
Varies from country to country wether the food is shared on the table, or if you get your own plate
From the comparison between east and west food culture, it shows a great different…
However, due to the connections between states and countries, there is a significant interaction on food culture
Common etiquette between east and west

DO NOT talk with mouth full
DO NOT blow your nose
ENCOURAGE light conversation
Chinese etiquette
Seats and dishes furnishing:
Inviting guests and seats
Uses of roundtable for easy sharing
Drinking etiquette
Dining precaution
western etiquette
Seats and dishes furnishing:
Uses of rectangular table
Dishes furnishing
Dining precaution
east to west
rice overview
The seed of monocot plants Asian rice or African rice
Most widely consumed staple food for a large part of the world's human population
Asia ; China, India, Thailand, Vietnam, Korea etc..
Rice & tea
The introduction of rice into Europe
From Persia to Egypt between the fourth and the first centuries B.C.
From Greece or Egypt to Spain in the eighth century A.D.
From Persia to Spain in the eighth century
Italy between the thirteenth and sixteenth centuries.
In 1694 : rice in South Carolina
Between 1853 and 1862, the Chinese immigrants introduced the rice to Hawaii

Asian dishes intended for American diners were adapted to suit expectations.
Become norms : basic meat and vegetables served in standard sauces with fried rice.
Showing inter-correlation between Asian and Westward spreading of rice
Rice cultivation
Tea overview
2nd most widely consumed drink, after water
Vast health benefits – prevents cancer, fights disease, helps lose weight and relaxes the mind, body & soul
Different countries and regions favour different varieties, flavourings, temperatures and strengths of tea
type of tea
In 2737 BC by Shen Nong (2,852-2737 B.C.), from the San Huang Period, (3,000 – 2,700 B.C.), who required that all drinking water be boiled
One summer day, he and the court stopped to rest, and his servants began to boil water to drink. Dried leaves fell into the water and the Emperor drank some, and found it very refreshing. Therefore, tea was created
In East Asia
Global spread of TEA
International Tea Drinks
west to east
Westernization of east Asian food
Fast Food is popular…
Began in 1960s (Singapore) with A&W family restaurant
Multiplication of restaurants since 2000s
Hot dogs and pogo are common
e.g. North Korea launched its own fast food restaurant in 2009
"yummy" example
Yum! group is very popular in China, and even more than MacDonald’s
…But still trying to adapt
For each country, different tastes, different menus…
e.g. bulgogi burger in Korea, only chicken in India
Follows local tastes: spice, oil, …etc
And preoccupations for diet
A menu in Korea will be far more dietetic than one in the US
Cafés and coffee shops
Coffee shops are very popular
Much american brands
For cafes, the global idea is the same, but the concept is slightly different from what we are used to see in Europe
French Café
Café Chain
Bakery Chain
chinese dinner
Serve few dishes for dinner, including some meat, vegetables and fish rice and soup
Stir-fried baby kai-lan with salted fish sauce
Tofu-fish soup
Steamed minced pork with water chestnuts
Chicken with soy sause
Various ingredients in order to have a balance nutrients for health
in the pearl river valley &
the Yangtze of China
Rice and Tea have transformed from being considered strange and unfamiliar, to now being welcomed all over the world
The popularity of Eastern food in Western cuisine shows that they are influencing each other which makes food mixed and matched from the east to west
Known as “cultural diffusion of eastern cuisine”
thank you for your attention
East meet west style of fried rice cook
Water and tea are always provided
Uses of rotary roundtable
Avoid rude action
Uses of rectangular table
Owner sitting on the short side of the table. Typically owner will first arrange your seat
Fork put the left . Plate, knife, spoon put the right
Remember "liquid in my right hand, solid in my left“
Napkin etiquette.
It can not be around the neck ! This is a child way
You should place the napkin on your laps.
Dining precaution
Do not be satisfy cup !
hand temperature will destroyed wine taste
You should pinching cup feet or hold the cup holder
dining precaution
When you leave, you should place the napkin on the surface chair
Napkins can imply the beginning and end of the banquet
In a formal dinner, the hostess shops the napkin on her lap like a sign of beginning
dining precaution
Then, the hostess put the napkin on the table like a sign that is the end of the dinner
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