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Persian Gulf War: Operation Desert Storm

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on 29 May 2014

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Transcript of Persian Gulf War: Operation Desert Storm

Persian Gulf War: Operation Desert Storm
Background
Iraq had invaded Kuwait due to a dispute that Kuwait had been stealing Iraqi oil from their land. Other reasons that led to the invasion was that Iraq was unable to pay the money they had borrowed to help finance the the Iran - Iraq War. Kuwait's overproduction of oil had been keeping revenues down for Iraq. After annexing Kuwait Saddam Hussein announced that it was now the 19th province of Iraq.

The invasion only took two days for Iraqi forces to drive out Kuwait troops from the country

During the Iran - Iraq War the U.S had provided massive military aid to Iraq making them the fourth largest army in the war.
Mission Briefing
VS.
Forces
Countries:
Kuwait
United States
United Kingdom
Saudi Arabia
France
Canada
Egypt
Syria
Qatar
United Arab Emirates
Oman
Bangladesh
Leaders:
Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah - Leader of Kuwait
George H, W. Bush - President of the U.S.
Strengths:
956,600 troops including 697,000 U.S. troops
Countries:
Iraq
Republic of Kuwait

Leader:
Saddam Hussein - President of Iraq
Strengths:
650,000 soldiers
Location: Kuwait
Kuwait was a major supplier of oil to the United States. The Iraqi takeover posed an immediate threat to neighboring Saudi Arabia, another major exporter of oil. If Saudi Arabia fell to Saddam, Iraq would control one-fifth of the world's oil supply.
America's involvement was for their personal gain. If Kuwait and Saudi Arabia were to fall to Iraq the U.S. would lose a majority of their oil supply and influence in the Middle East.
Time Frame
Gulf War (2 August 1990 - 28 February 1991)
6 months, 3 weeks and 5 days
Operation Desert Storm (17 January 1991 - 28 February 1991)
August 2, 1990 - Iraq invades Kuwait

August 7, 1990 - Operation Desert Shield begins
( The order to prepare U.S troops with the war against Iraq; increase resources in the Persian Gulf)


Strategies and Tactics
Operation Desert Storm was the codename for the combat operation which involved an air/land invasion to drive out Iraqi troops.
U.S stealth bombers were sent into Kuwait to eliminatedetection stations allowing our planes to enter undetected followed by a ground invasion from our troops.

During Operation Desert Storm the U.S. practiced the AirLand Battle Doctrine which emphasized close coordination between land forces acting as an aggressively maneuvering defense, and air forces attacking front line enemy forces
Good Guys
Bad Guys
Ground Forces:
U.S. troops had superior weaponry and technology (Abram Tanks, Hummers, Apache Helicopters, smart missiles, etc.)
Two key factors Night Vision and G.P.S. - Night vision allowed Night vision allowed the coalition forces to seek and destroy Iraqi Republican guard forces at will. The vision system gave coalition forces the ability to detect Iraqi armor through heat detection. G.P.S. navigation allowed troops to navigate the desert terrain, giving the advantage to outflank the enemy.
Outcome
Operation Desert Storm ended sucessfully with the removal of Iraqi forces from Kuwait. However Kuwait was left in a rough state, with millions of dollars plundered by the occupied troops amd Iraqi forces blowing up Kuwait's oil wells and dumping oil into the Persian Gulf.
Operation Desert Storm was significant for the U.S. because it had validated the advancement of U.S. technology, tested the AirLand Battle Doctrine, kept western influence within the Middle East and protected oil supplies from falling into enemy hands.
Casualties:
Coalition Forces:
482 killed
458-776 wounded
Iraqi Forces:
20,000-35,000 killed
75,000+ wounded
Cultural References
Three Kings is a war story based of the setting of the Persian Gulf War. It gives people an interesting story while educating about the invasion of Kuwait.
Conflict Desert Strom is thrid person tactical shooter which takes place during the invasion of Kuwait.
Full transcript