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Greek Warfare


Alex Scovronski

on 29 April 2010

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Transcript of Greek Warfare

ancient greek Warfare The Hoplite The hoplite was a heavy infantryman and a vital asset to the greek army. Hoplites would wear heavy armor and were armed with long spears and large, round bronze shields. Hoplite Tactics One of the Hoplites best formations was the phalanx. This tactic involved the soldiers standing side by side with their shields overlapping in front of them and their spears sticking out from under or over the shields. Marathon The battle of Marathon was the first of two attempted invasions of Greece by the Persians. Upon winning the battle, the Greeks recieved word that the persian navy was headed for Athens. They sent one runner sprinting twenty-six miles to warn Athens.Miraculously, the runner beat the Persians there, warned the remaining soldiers, and collapsed. This feat is how the athletic event, now known as a marathon, came to be. Thermopylae The Second Invasion of Greece would live on in infamy because of the actions King Leonidas I of Sparta and his 300 Spartan Warriors at the battle of Thermopylae. Greek forces,greatly outnumbered by Xerxes I and the Persian Army, had to retreat. Leonidas and the Spartans held position in the Thermopylae pass, allowing Greek forces to safely retreat and regroup. The Spartans held the pass for days until a spy informed the persians of a way to get around the spartans and take their rear flank. The Spartans, including Leonidas, died in a valiant attempt t hold the pass. Peloponnesian War The Peloponnesian War was a war between the Spartan-led Peloponnesian league and the Athenian-ruled Delian league. Although the true cause of this war was uncertain, it is believed that the feud was over supremecy over Greece by Sparta and Athens. While the Spartans were virtually unddefeatable on land, Athens was dominant on the sea. This pattern of victories and losses for both sides continued until the Spartan armies captured the Athenian food supply, thus ending the war and ensuring a spartan dominated Greece.
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