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Kingdom and Phylum Mind Map Assignment

Grade 11 Biology Assignment

Emily A

on 23 November 2012

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Transcript of Kingdom and Phylum Mind Map Assignment

By: Emily Alldrit Kingdom and Phylum Mind Map Plants Characteristics:
- multicellular
- autotrophs
- reproduce sexually and asexually
- most are terrestrial
- present cell wall
- vascular plants (tracheophytes)
- plants with seeds (spermatophytes)
- evolution of roots, stems and leaves heled plants survive Animalia - multicellular
- heterotrophs
- most reproduce sexually
- live in terrestrial and aquatic habitats
- cell wall is absent
- support for skeleton
- vertebrate or invertebrate
- symmetrical (bilateral or radia
- digestive tract Fungi - most are multicellular
- all are heterotrophs
- reproduce sexually and asexually
- cell wall is present
- incapable of photosynthesis
- don't reproduce by seeds
- most are terrestrial
- stationary
- no roots Structure:
- Supportive: stems and roots/rhizoids
- Anchoring: roots/rhizoids
- Transport system to carry nutrients and water: vascular system
- Reduce water loss: cuticle, stomata
- Regulate gas exchange: stomata Angiosperms - flowering plants
- produce seeds enclosed in fruit formed by certain flower parts
- pollination is aided by wind, insects, birds, and bats (sexual)
- self-pollination (asexual)
- after fertilization, the diploid zygote grows into an embryo (seed)
- as the seeds develops, the ovary develop into the fruit enclosing the seeds.
- fruit is protection and helps disperse the seeds
- flower is male and female. Malus domestica
(Apple Tree) Gymnosperms - cone bearing plants
- produce "naked" seeds (usually in cones)
- often referred to as conifers
- most have thin, needle-like leaves (to help withstand weather and climate)
- most needles covered in cuticle to retain moisture
- male and female cones
- in male cones, mother cells undergo meiosis to produce haploid pollen grains, the male gametophytes.
- after fertilization, diploid zygote develops into an embryo, remains in ripened ovule, now a seed. Pinus sylvestris
(Scots Pine) Eubacteria Archaebacteria - most are single celled, though, some are multicellular and some are eukaryotic
- some autotrophs, some heterotophs, some that are both
- reproduce sexually and asexually
- live in aquatic or moist habitats
- cell wall absent Protista - prokaryotic
- heterotrophs
- live in salt lakes, hot springs and animal guts
- cell wall present (does not contain peptidoglycan) - simple organisms lacking nuclei (prokaryotic)
- either heterotrophs or autotrophs
- all asexual
- live nearly everywhere
-cell wall often present (contains peptidoglycan) Echinodermata Chordate Mollusc Porifera Arthropoda Nematoda Basidiomycetes Ciliophora Sporozoa Sarcodina Cyanobacteria Extreme thermophiles - grow in hot environments (50-70 degrees Celsius)
- live in Genothermal habitats (heat creating environments, i.e. garbage landfills)
- live in acidic habitats
- asexual Bacillus subtilis
(Hay Bacillus) - Eukaryotic
- heterotrophs
- asexual and sexual (conjuncation) reproduction
- free-moving (cilia surrounding used for locomotion)
- live in fresh water and marine habitats
- trichocysts structure (hundreds of poison-laden barbs used to drive away predators or capture prey) Paramecium caudatum - no independent locomotion (lacking cilia, flagella or pseudopods)
- asexual
- unicellular
- most live in soil or water
- exclusively parasites Plasmodium vivax - free living form
- no definite shape
- ingest small organisms and particles of organic matter
- single-cell organism
- asexual and sexual reproduction - prokaryotic
- Gram negative cell
- use gas vesticles for locomotion
- ability to perform photosynthesis - water vascular system
- radial symmetry (pentaradial)
- one way digestive tract
- separate sexes
- asexual and sexual
- marine
- skin gills used for breathing Asterias forbesii
(Sea Star) - bilateral symmetry
- endoskeletal
- notochord
- complete digestive tract
- sexual and asexual
- live in all habitats Petromyzon marinus
(Sea Lamprey) - Bilateral symmetry
- sexual (hermaphrodite)
- present shell (in most forms)
- closed circulatory system
- pair of kidneys
- live in all habitats Octopus vulgaris
(Octopus) - immobile (sessile)
- irregularly shaped
- no digestive tract
- uses pores or outer walls to feed
- lives in freshwater and marine habitats
- asymmetrical
- asexual (budding) and sexual (sperm and egg) Calcareous sponge
(Sea Sponge) - body is segmented
- bilateral symmertry
- exoskeleton (sheds during growth)
- open circulatory system
- live in all habitats
- sexual Solenopsis invicta
(red imported fire ant) - slender, tapered at both ends, cylindrical
- bilateral symmetry
- no circulatory system
- gas exchange and excretion by diffusion through the body's wall
- sexual Nereis succinea
(Clam Worm) Physarum Polycephalum
(Slime mold) - most are terrestrial
- sexual and asexual (by spore formation)
- cross walls in hyphae (hypha is the main mode of vegetative growth)
- many are pathogens E. coli Karenia brevis
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