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The Great Basin -

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Julia Seixas

on 26 September 2013

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Transcript of The Great Basin -

Geographic Features
The Great Basin - Shoshone
Julia Seixas, Alexandra Massillon, Dondrea Taylor-Stewart

Geographic Information
Located in present day Arizona ,Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Wyoming, Montana, Utah and California.

Has rivers and lakes.

Very dry; steep walks for drinking water.

The climate is very hot and dry. Temperature significantly drops during the night.

In the summer, there are frequent thunderstorms.
Government Style
The Shoshone did not have an official government.

They moved around a lot and did not maintain a stable government.

They had tribal chiefs that were typically older men who were believed to have supernatural powers.
Religious Beliefs
The Shoshoni were polytheistic.
Believed in animal spirits, the supernatural powers and the creator, Duma.
Supernatural powers can be achieved by vision quests or dreams.
They believe that people known as Shamans have supernatural powers and are able to cure others.
The Shaman would also lead important ritual ceremonies, where they would dance and pray to their God Duma Appa'h.
Fun Facts
Sources
http://plainshumanities.unl.edu/encyclopedia/doc/egp.na.105
http://www.kawvalley.k12.ks.us/schools/rjh/marneyg/archived_projects/02_plains-history/02_alejosb_Shoshone.htm- lhttp://
www.indians.org/articles/shoshone-indians.html
http://native-american-indian-facts.com/Great-Basin-American-Indian-Facts/Shoshone-Tribe-Facts.shtml
http://native-american-indian-facts.com/Great-Basin-American-Indian-Facts/Shoshone-Tribe-Facts.shtml
Precipitation Graph of South-West
Nearby Tribes
Tribes surrounding the Shoshone people: the Paiute tribe, the Crow tribe, the Nez Perce tribe and the Ute tribe

Traded regularly with the Crow, Nez Perce and the Paiute tribes

Intermarried frequently with the Paiute tribe (they were both connected by marriage).
They hunted buffalo, marmot, deer, elk, fox, and beaver.
Their artistic work is known for bead work, woven baskets, art and painting.
They participated in several ceremonial dances like the Buffalo Dance, which was a religious dance where women would act as Buffalo , this was mostly for entertainment.
It is pronounced show-show-nee.
The Shoshone is what the English called them, they refered to them selves with their word that means "the people."
This is a picture of the Shoshone Indiands doing the sun dance at a ceremony
Topographic Map of The Great Basin
Food was the most important part of their culture. Bands were small groups that hunted for food.
Diet consisted of vegetables, roots, jackrabbits, bighorn sheep, birds, fish and berries.
They used roasted bugs such as crickets to make flour.
They used substitutes of what we eat today. example: our potatoes would be camas (a type of roots) for them.

Food Sources
Why did the Shoshone settle there?
Easy hunting for them.

Animals and natural vegetation were already there.

They took advantage of the vegetation to make food.
http://www.pbs.org/lewisandclark/native/sho.html
Women did most of the digging, picking, grinding and cooking.
Men were superior to women in leadership and marriage.
Men were allowed to have up to three wives.
Young girls were isolated from everyone else and put in menstrual huts.
Women were considered care givers.
Children were expected to work hard, run errands and take care of their siblings / family.
Matrilineal/Patrilineal
http://www.ehow.com/info_10038932_shoshone-indian-social-structure.html
http://native-american-indian-facts.com/Great-Basin-American-Indian-Facts/Shoshone-Tribe-Facts.shtml
More Fun Facts
Sacajawea was part of the Shoshone tribe.


They had several tribal enemies because they would steal horses since they moved around often.

Shaman
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