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Mummification in Egypt

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by

Adam Barbaro

on 22 February 2017

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Transcript of Mummification in Egypt

Mummification
In Ancient Egypt

How They Cleaned the Mummy
Mummification in Ancient Egypt was a long and expensive process. The process of mummification took about 70 days. The first thing that the Egyptians would do is that they would wash the body and ritually purify it. Next, they would take the brain out of the body from the nose with a hook. After that, they would take out the lungs, stomach, liver and intestines from the side of the body. Finally, they would put the organs in canopic Jars.
Canopic Jars
Canopic Jars
How They Wrapped the Mummy
The Egyptians would use linen cloth and carefully wrap the mummy. When the mummy is done being wrapped, the Egyptians would get sap from trees and cover the mummy with it.
A Picture of a Wrapped Mummy
Where the Mummy was Placed
Inside the Pyramids of Egypt, there were tombs that had mummies inside them. Unfortunately, not all Egyptians were buried in tombs because they couldn't afford it. The Egyptians specially made the pyramids for the pharaohs so they could be mummified.
The tombs were made to protect the pharaohs' body and their belongings.
Pictures of Pyramids
By Adam Barbaro,
Matthew Liu and
Jonathan Udovicic

The Afterlife
The most important reason why Egyptians mummified people was because after they got mummified, they would go to the afterlife. The afterlife is a new world a person would experience after he or she dies. The ancient Egyptians believed that the body had to maintain its identity it had when it was alive in order for him or her to enjoy the afterlife.
The Afterlife
The Process of Mummification
Why Egyptians Mummified the Dead
The Ba and Ka
The ancient Egyptians also believed in the ba and ka. The ba is the personality of a human, and ka is the life force. When someone dies, his ba and ka are separated. They will return to the body only if the body was preserved. If the body was preserved, the ba and ka will help that person go to the afterlife.
The Ba Flying over the Mummified Body
A Natural Mummy in Ancient Egypt
The Influence of Naturally Formed Mummies
Before ancient Egyptians mummified the dead, they found out that there were many naturally formed mummies in Egypt. This influenced the ancient Egyptians, and they began to artificially mummify the dead.
The Timeline of Mummification
Artificial Mummification
How it Began
Mummification started in the Pre-Dynastic Period from 4050 B.C. to 3050 B.C. when they would bury the dead in hot sand. The sand drained the moisture of the body and it was mummified.
A Mummy Preserved in the Sand
The Egyptians then artificially mummified
the dead because they were influenced by
naturally formed mummies. They started
doing this in the Early Dynastic Period at
around 2600 B.C.
An Artificially Preserved Mummy
The End of Mummification
Finally, mummification ended because many Egyptians stopped believing in the afterlife and
the gods. Many of the ancient Egyptians converted to Christianity after the Romans conquered Egypt,
and after the last pharaoh, Cleopatra, died.
Cleopatra- The Last Pharaoh in Ancient Egypt
The End
Thanks for Watching!!!
Full transcript