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International Refugee Regime
Transcript of International Refugee Regime
~UN Declaration of Human Rights, 1948 "...no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or other limitation of sovereignty" 2002-2005 Convention Plus Initiative Historical
Context Regional Instruments For actors involved in the regime, there has developed a contradiction between having humanitarian ideals, but hesitating to act on those liberal principles. Burden-sharing Protection Assistance Global Governance "A person who owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it"
(UNHCR, 1967) Non-refoulment Repatriation Asylum Resettlement The United States and European nations were the regime's "prime movers" 1967 Protocol Convention relating to the status of Refugees, 1951 UNHCR is a person too... Internationally Displaced People (IDPs) References
Baloch, Qadar B. 2006. International refugee system in crisis. The Dialogue (Qurtuba University) 1, no.1: 118-141.
Barnett, Michael. 2001. Humanitarianism with a sovereign face: UNHCR in the Global Undertow. International Migration Review 35, no. 1: 244-277. Academic SearchPremier, EBSCOhost (accessed March 6, 2010).
Barnett, Michael and Martha Finnemore. 2004. Defining refugees and voluntary repatriation atUNHCR. In Rules for the World: International Organizations in Global Politics, 73-120. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Betts, Alexander. 2006. What does ‘efficiency’ mean in the context of the global refugeeregime? British Journal of Politics and International Relations 8: 148-173.
Betts, Alexander and Jean-Francois Durieux. 2007. Convention plus as a norm-setting exercise. Journal of Refugee Studies 20, no. 3: 509-535.
Keely, Charles B. 2001. The international refugee regime(s): The end of the Cold War matters. International Migration Review 35, no. 1: 303-314. Academic Search Premier,EBSCOhost (accessed March 6, 2010).
Mason, Elisa. 2009. Guide to international refugee law resources on the web. Available fromhttp://www.llrx.com/features/refugee.htm. Accessed March 22, 2010.
Suhrke, Astri and Kathleen Newland. 2001. UNHCR: Uphill into the future. InternationalMigration Review 35, no. 1: 284-302. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessedMarch 6, 2010).
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. 2010. UNHCR: The UN Refugee Agency.http://www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/home (accessed March 14, 2010).
Whitaker, Beth Elise. 2008. Funding the international refugee regime: Implications forProtection. Global Governance 14: 241-258.
Rise of nationalism After World War I, empires disband and people disperse across borders World War II demonstrates that international oversight is not only helpful, but possibly vital to protecting lives These primary players had interest in creating an international organization for several reasons:
Refugee resettlement could be used as a defense tactic
Industrialized nations could obtain a strong workforce that could potentially boost their economies
Strong, multilateral organization Limited power and autonomy Examples:
1969 Organization for African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems
The 1984 Cartagena Declaration on Refugees in Latin America
In the 1970s and 1980s the regime is forced to manage an epidemic of failed states and financial crisis
"Normalization of deviance" Globalization "Root Causes" Confusion between economic immigrants and refugees