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Transcript of Constructivist Teaching:
Interactive, Collaborative, Integrative, and Inquiry-based
1. Authentic activities and real-world environments
a. Learning situations, environments, skills, content and tasks are relevant, realistic, authentic and represent the natural complexities of the "real word"
b. Primary sources of data are used in order to ensure authenticity and real-world complexity
c. Assessment is authentic and interwoven with teaching.
d. Learners are provided with the opportunity for apprenticeship learning in which there is an increasing complexity of tasks, skills and knowledge acquisition
4. ensure that guidelines on procedures are clear especially on how the performance is assessed.
5. must make clear that at the end of the activity they have to reflect together.
1. Learning is an active process
2. Learning is also a social process
3. Every student has so much to share
Characteristics of constructivist teaching culled from related conceptual literature
Features of Constructivist Teaching
Constructivist teaching is based on the belief that learning occurs as learners are actively involved in a process of meaning and knowledge construction as opposed to passively receiving information
Teacher's Tasks in Collaborative Learning
Why do we promote interactive teaching?
1. begin with the conviction that every student can share something in the attainment of a goal
2. structure task in such a way that the group goal cannot be realized without the members collaborating
3. make the goal clear to all
2. Multiple Perspectives
Learning environments should support multiple perspectives or interpretations of reality, knowledge construction and context rich, experience based activities." (Jonassen, 1995)
3. Wholistic, integrative
Knowledge complexity is reflected in an emphasis on conceptual interrelatedness and intrerdisciplinary learning
4. Self-directed learners
a. The students plays a central role in mediating and controlling learning.
b. Goals and objectives are derived by the students or in negotiation with the teacher or system
c. Exploration is a favored approach in order to encurage students to manage the pursuit of their goals.
d. Scaffolding is facilitated to help students perform just beyond the limits of their ability
5. Meaningful Learning
a. Knowledge construction and not reproduction is emphasized
b. The learners previous knowledge constructions, beliefs and attitudes are considered in the knowledge construction process.
c. Errors provide the opportunity for insight into students' previous knowledge constructions
The word interactive reminds us of people with whom the learner interacts in order to learn.
Interaction can also between the learner and learning material like a module, a film, a video clip, a poem, a map, a model of the digestive system
Teacher's Tasks in Interactive Teaching-Learning
1. must ask specific, non intimidating feedback questions and HOTS questions
2. must make the focus of interaction clear
3. must create the climate favorable for geuine interaction
4. must do less talk so students talk more