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Transcript of China's Culture
By Jake Sanborn and Preston Thai
Some popular dishes in China are
China has a long history of music. Music in China can be traced back 7,000-8,000 years. There are four main Chinese instruments.
stringed instruments (Pipa)
percussion instruments (Huang Zhong)
plucked instruments (Guzheng)
wind instruments (Di Zi)
The modern day China participates in many sports, such as basketball, soccer, and even diving. But few know that China has a long history of sports. Just a few examples include: archery, ancient football, polo, and Chinese golf.
Important people in China include: Confucius, Shi Huang, Admiral Zheng He, Empress Cixi, and of course, Mao Zedong!
Confucius- government official who emphasized a peaceful society built on self-improvement through education. Confucius's teaching are still around today, with modern Confucianism.
Shi Huang (aka Shi Huangdi)- the First Emporer of a unified China. He unified the Qi, Yan, Zhao, Han, Wei, Chu and Qin states for the first time. He also made the Great Wall of China.
More Famous People!
Places and Art
Admiral Zheng He- led an expedition of treasure ships to the Indian Ocean in the 1400s and is famous for his voyages.
Dowager Empress Cixi- is well known for her refusal to modernize China according to Western Culture, and for playing a key role in the Boxer Rebellion.
Mao Zedong- the ruler who turned China into a communist state for the first time and initiated several reforms, such as Mao's Great Leap Forward, which had devastating effects such as the Great Famine.
Society and Economics
China has numerous special holidays and festivals.
- one of the most important Chinese festivals, when everyone comes home to see their families and friends.
Dragon Boat Festival
- this is a festival in honor of China's Qu Yuan, who was Minister of State over 2,000 years ago.
- this festival emphasized worship of the moon and Chinese legend Hou Yi, who shot down nine suns in Chinese folklore.
Lunar New Year
- focuses on honoring household and heavenly deities, as well as the spirits of ancestors.
China has five major religions: Buddhism, Taoism (Daoism), Islam, Confucianism, and Christianity.
- defused to China 2,000 years ago and is now one of the largest religions in China. Buddhism has many gods and China has three forms of Buddhism: Han Buddhism, Tibetan Buddhism, and Southern Buddhism.
- began in the Eastern Han Dynasty (somewhere around the years 25-220). Taoism has had much influence on culture, particularly on traditional medicine and literature.
- was brought into China in the seventh century by the Tang Dynasty. Most of China's Muslims follow the Sunni variety of the religion.
- a type of ethical and philosophical system that became an essential part of Chinese culture under the reign of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty.
- was first brought during the rule of the Tang Dynasty. It has spread quickly in the recent past, and about 30,000,000 Chinese are now Christian. This religion is centered on the southern part of the country.
China is currently led by the Communist Party of China.
However, China was not always united as a single nation.
China used to be made up of seven dynasties, known as the Qi, Yan, Zhao, Han, Wei, Chu and Qin states.
Each state had a king, who ruled his empire.
Officers in China were selected by public examination. The king would often interview those who passed.
This changed when Shi Huang united all the states to form the Qin Dynasty.
While each dynasty had previously been left to its own devices with regards to politics, the new empire tried to make one government.
At the year 1949, China made a change to communism and is still a communist state today.
The Era of Warring States- the Chinese Empire was divided into seven states, who fought each other to take over the empire. The Qin Empire, led by Shi Huang, eventually won the battle.
The Mongol invasion of China- In the year 1211, Genghis Khan led the Mongols in an invasion of China. The entire northern kingdom of China was devastated by the attack, and the Mongols created the Yuan Dynasty to rule China.
The Opium Wars- these wars were fought between China, Great Britain, and France in 1839-1842 and 1856-1860. China refused to allow Great Britain to import opium, so Great Britain invaded China and forced open-trade treaties on China upon China's defeat.
World War I- China fought alongside the U.S., France, Britain, and Russian in World War I. It sought to regain lost power and intimidate Japan.
Chinese Warfare Continued
World War II- China, again, fought on the side of the Allied powers, such as the U.S., Great Britain, and Russia. China greatly weakened the Japanese ability to fight the U.S., helping the Allied war effort enormously.
Communist Revolution- China's army, under Chiang Kai-shek, fought with Mao's army of peasant-backed communist soldiers. Mao won due to his better generals and military strategies.
In recent history, Western culture has had much impact on Chinese music.
Uighurs in Xinjiang
Population : 1,355,692,576
Female 77.43 years
Male 70.93 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.55 children born/ per woman
Main Languages: Mandarin, Cantonese
"Discrimination is the operative rule"
Women usually stay home until they marry and men return to take care of his parents after marrying.
Many study English for years but never speak it
Square and Round
"Everything is related to business"
Liu, Jue. "SPORT IN ANCIENT CHINA." theworldofchinese. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 June 2014.
Nash, Tim. "Overview of Ancient Chinese War." thefinertimes. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 June 2014.
"Opium Wars." infoplease. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 June 2014.
"Religions & Beliefs in China." TravelChinaGuide. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 June 2014.
Szczepanski, Kallie. "Important People in Asian History: People of China." Historical People of Asia / Famous Asians. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 June 2014.
"Traditional Chinese Festivals." Traditional Chinese Festivals- china.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 June 2014.
"Wars of Genghis Khan." heritage-history. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 June 2014.
Chang, Leslie T. Factory Girls: From village to city in a changing China. New York: Spiegel and Grau, 2009, Print.
"China." Central Intelligance Agncy. Central Intelligance Agency, 1 May 2014. Web. 01 June 2014.
Lin, XU. "Top 10 Most Famous Chinese Paintings." N.p, 8 Nov. 2011. Web. 31 May 2014.
True or False Review
1. Archery, ancient football, and polo are all examples of Ancient Chinese sports.
2. Music in China began over 20,000 years ago.
3. The Buddha was born and raised in China.
4. Women usually stay at home until they marry.
5. The Chinese New Year focuses on honoring deities and the dead.
6. Hacking is a major issue in China today.
7. The main language in China is English.
8. China has five major religions: Buddhism, Taoism (Daoism), Islam, Confucianism, and animism.
9. China is currently led by the National Democrat Party.
10. China fought on the side of the U.S. in both World War I and World War II.