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Second Hand Clothing
Transcript of Second Hand Clothing
The Global Trade of Second Hand Clothing
Globalization From Below: Chapter 7
The Risk of Second Hand Clothing in the Philippines
Philippine Republic Act - the prohibition of the importation of used clothing for commercial resale
Created in order to protect and support the local textile and garment industries
Made possible by stretching the loopholes of various shipping methods
Second Hand Exports
America's Best Used Clothing, Second Hand Clothing and Used Jeans
Founded in 1995 and has been located in Miami, Florida for over 22 years
Known for there "Grading System" (Grade AAA = #1, Grade AA = #2, Grade A = #3, Grade A+B = #4, Grade B = #5, Grade C is only given to Jeans)
Used Second Hand Clothing Suppliers to: Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, and the Middle East
Prices are $0.15 - $0.20 lb
"We do not do any shipping, it is up to The Buyer to pick-up his order in our warehouses in Miami. Buyer must use his own shipping company." - ABC, Inc.
Dominating the Market
80 percent of Nigerian clothing is illicit
Katangowa Market located in Lagos, Nigeria is described as the "Wall Street of Second-Hand Clothes".
Largest used clothing market in Africa
Unfortunately, wholesalers get most of the profits made by the middleman by way of significant markups when exporting or selling by the ton.
Because of the high exportation rate, about one billion pieces of clothing are thrown away
"America's Best Supplier of Used Clothing, Secondhand Clothes and Recycled Used Jeans Wholesale for Export About Us." Americasbestcloseouts. <http://www.americasbestcloseouts.com/Secondhand_Clothes_About_Us.html>.
"Contraband clothes dominate Nigeria's market - Features - Al Jazeera English." Al Jazeera. <http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2012/08/2012824143154573858.html>.
Mathews, Gordon, Gustavo Lins. Ribeiro, and Vega Carlos. Alba. "From Secondhand Clothing to Cosmetics." Globalization from below: The world's other economy. London: Routledge, 2012.
"Secondhand Clothing." Http://www.bergfashionlibrary.com. 232-37. Http://www.bergfashionlibrary.com. <http://www.bergfashionlibrary.com/staticfiles/Encyclopedia/Secondhand-Clothing-Global-Fashion.pdf>.
There's No Business Like The Shoe Business. YouTube. YouTube. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WoB8JhWCtAo>.
Cultural Differences: Legality v. Illegality
"The disjuncture between state laws, market practice and the experiential reality of entrepreneurs engaged in self-employed transnational trade make visible various understandings of legality and illegality"
- B. Lynne Milgram
Second hand clothing was dominant in both Europe and the US until the 19th century.
The mass production and availability of clothing via local textiles, turned second hand clothing into a means of export.
World War II sparked a new era in second hand clothing exportation
World War II also sparked the establishment of various charitable organizations.
The Salvation Army, Goodwill Industries, St. Vincent de Paul, and Amvets
"Collection bins appealing for urgently needed clothing sometimes feature names of nonexistent charities, and ﬂyers inviting householders to ﬁ ll bags
with unwanted clothing have been known to give the impression that the
collected garments would be donated to the poor in third-world countries."
- Secondhand Clothing, 233
Since the amount of clothing that is donated exceeds that amount that can be sold in retail stores, the excess (overstock) is sold in bulk prices.
The higher grade bulk clothing is distributed to countries in South America while most of the lower grade clothing is sent to both Africa and Asia.
Waste v Recycling
Second hand v Vintage
Need-based v Desire