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The Indus River Valley and the Yellow River Valley Civilzations

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Reed Sikorski

on 30 November 2012

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Transcript of The Indus River Valley and the Yellow River Valley Civilzations

Yellow River- Government: Shang- There was a king that ruled the whole land and under him there were warrior-nobles that ruled smaller parts of the land. The nobles owned the land that the peasants worked on.

Yellow River- Government: Zhou- It was a bureaucracy. Bureaucracy was an assembly of appointed officials. The Zhou king was in charge of defending the kingdom. Nobles or lords are given a territory that is legally owned by the king.

Yellow River- Social Classes: It was basically the same as the government setup. There were kings and under him were warriors and nobles and under them there were peasants. Religion, Government and Social Classes Indus- Religion: The Indus practiced Hinduism and Buddhism. Archeologists also found a figure that looks like a major Indian God, Shiva, so they could of worshiped that god too.

Indus- Government: There was existence of a strong ruling class. This was indicated by well-fortified and large citadels in every capital city. Not much is known about the Indus government because archeologists cannot read Indus writing.

Indus- Social Classes: Brahmins (priests and kings), Kshatriya (rulers and warriors) Vaisyas (common people), Sudras (unskilled laborers and servants) and Untouchables (they did gross, dirty work like collecting garbage) The Indus River Valley and The Yellow River Valley Civilizations Advancements Made by the
Civilizations Indus How Geography Influenced The Civilizations Indus The Adaptations The Civilizations made
to the Natural Environment Indus Yellow River- Religion: Both of the dynasties worshiped spirits of mountains, rivers and seas. They gave offerings of food and other goods to keep the gods happy. They also honored dead family members by offering clothes and other goods drawn on paper and also thinking that their dead family members can bring them good luck or bad. They also worshiped a Supreme god and lesser gods. Yellow River - Earliest urban civilization
- A very good indoor plumbing system
- Most houses had a well inside
- Most houses had a bathroom
- Made cities in a grid pattern
- One of the first to make a a system of uniform
weights and measures
- Produced copper, bronze, lead and tin
- First to have protodentistry
- Had a great bathing center or a large pool
- Public garbage collection - Casting metal
- Had blast furnaces that reached high temperatures to heat metal to cast
- Learned to make silk cloth
- Invented things like gunpowder, compass and printing Similarities and Differences Between the Indus and the Yellow River Civilizations Similarities Differences - Indus began writing with their language at 2,600 BC
- People today can not read Indus writing
- Yellow River started writing at 1,500 BC by using pictographs
- Indus government was influenced by their religion
- Indus was a more peaceful civilization
- Indus lasted from 3,300 to 1,700 BC
- Yellow River lasted from 12,000 BC to the present
- Indus harvested cotton, sesame, peas and
barley
- Zhang grew millet, wheat and barley
- Indus cities were major trading centers - Both civilizations had yearly floods that
fertilized the soil
- Both were good at art
- Both were located in river valleys
- Both were great builders of cities Yellow River - Rivers allowed them to trade with Mesopotamia
- Had a flat fertile plain to farm between the
two rivers: Indus and Ganges
- Rivers had yearly floods which made the
land fertile or it could destroy villages
- There were Mountains, deserts and the sea surrounding them that protected them from disease and invasion.
- Climate Change made them leave their cities. The climate got cooler and drier. - Deserts and mountains protected them but also cut off their trading
- Rivers had floods that dumped loess, a fertile soil, onto the land but it still was sometimes disastrous
- Between the Yellow River and the Yangtze River there was a lot of fertile soil to farm. Yellow River - Built cities on giant platforms and elevated land for protection from seasonal floods and polluted water.
- When the climate changed at 2,000 BC, they used arid-adapted plants to eat and use
- Had non-complex irrigation
systems to irrigate the land because the land that they could farm on was fertile.
- Since they had a hard time
trading because of crossing the barriers, they mostly had
to rely on their own resources By Reed Sikorski Including
- Government, Religion, and Social Classes
- Similarities and Differences
- Advancements
- How geography influenced the civilizations
And.......
- The adaptations the civilizations made to their
natural environment. A hr. 2012 India Indus River
Valley The Yellow River is also known as the Huang-He. Mohenjo-doro Great Bath Yellow River Yellow River Yellow River The Yellow River is yellow because of all the loess, a fertile soil that is in the water. Indus River, Pakistan Environmental challenges faced by Yellow River
People. Turpan Basin (-154m) Mount Qomolangma (8844.43m) Chinese art 1300 BC
Indus art 3000 BC Well and Drainage system in Lothal
an Indus city
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