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Euthanasia

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on 23 July 2014

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Transcript of Euthanasia


-Church believes that patients must unite and relate their sufferings with Jesus’ sufferings.

-Goes against the dignity of human life and the respect we show to God, our Creator.

-its wrong even if patient requests it

-false and gruesome form of mercy

-life of the weak is put into hands of the strong


Yeabsira Mesfin
Andres Rodriguez
Connor Stubblefield
History Of Euthanasia
Lou Gehrig's (ALS):
Result:
a disease of the nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord that control voluntary muscle movement.
ALS = Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
diagnosed with the terminal disease ALS in 1991

asked the Courts for the permission of assisted society.
courts refused her request.
in February 1994, a doctor broke the law to help Sue die in peace.
A mother(30yrs) suffered of Lou Gehrig's disease. She lived for several years knowing that her muscles would slowly waste away. She was fully conscious that she would choke to death. However, she failed to get euthanasia but received assisted suicide legalized in Canada.

Euthanasia is the act of killing someone in severe pain and suffering and putting them out of their misery. Currently, Netherlands, Belgium, Albania, Switzerland, Germany, Colombia, Japan, and certain U.S. states have legalized euthanasia.



- Between the 5th and 1st centuries, the Ancient Greeks and Romans believed in euthanasia.
+According to ProCon.org, " Many ancient Greeks and Romans had no cogently defined belief in the inherent value of individual human life..."

- During the 13th century, most Christians and Jews were against euthanasia.
+the found it contrary to the dignity of human life.

-In 17th century Europe, Renaissance authors questioned the Church's beliefs against euthanasia.
+eventually these writers began challenging the Church teachings on most other ethical issues.


Pros vs Cons
"No man has power to retain the spirit, or power over the day of death. There is no discharge from war, nor will wickedness deliver those who are given to it"
-Ecclesiastes 8:8

Catholic Teaching on Euthanasia
Only God has control over life and death.

All life is sacred.

-An active euthanasia occurs when a physician, or some other person, makes a deliberate action that will kill the patient.
+injecting lethal drugs, suffocating, or shooting

-A
direct voluntary euthanasia
is when the patient expresses wishes to die.

-A
direct involuntary euthanasia
is when the patient has not given consent to die, but rather someone else intervened and permitted his death.

Euthanasia
The Catholic Church's Teaching
Sue Rodriguez Case
-Patients avoid excruciating pain and humiliation

-Family and friends can stop suffering

-Lower medical funds

-Some believe that people have the right to die and should be able to choose their time of death

- The patient dies with dignity rather than through suffering

-Patient has more control over his life
Active (Direct) Euthanasia

Passive (Indirect) Euthanasia
PROS
Cons

Euthanasia is a form a murder and a crime.

There's an imbalance of power between doctor and patient
-A passive euthanasia occurs when physicians do not make attempts to keep the patient alive but rather let him die.
+switch off life support machines
*heart/lung bypass machines
*mechanical ventilation
+disconnect feeding tubes
*feeding tubes provide food and water to patients through tubes that connect to either the patient's nasal passages or stomach and can prolong life for decades.
*Since it only has an effect but no benefit for a patient in constant suffering, some justify disconnecting it.

-An
indirect voluntary euthanasia
is when the patient dies due to the withholding of treatment.

-An
indirect involuntary euthanasia
is when the patient wants to die, but treatment is withheld
It's immoral even if it's requested by the patient
-The Catholic Church believes that suffering patients should unite and relate their sufferings with those of Jesus when He died on the cross

-According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, "Thus an act or omission which, of itself or by intention, causes death in order to eliminate suffering constitutes a murder gravely contrary to the dignity of the human person and to the respect due to the living God, his Creator."

-People cannot decide whether a person's life is worth living, even if the patient undergoes severe pain and humiliation
-According to
Life Issues Institute
, "In 1994, Oregon voters approved the Death with Dignity Act (DWDA) by a vote of 51% to 49%. It became effective in 1998, surviving court challenges and a repeal effort, to make Oregon the first state in the country to legalize physician-assisted suicide (PAS).1 The law allows physicians to prescribe life-ending drugs that are requested by terminally ill patients with six months or less to live."
+in order to qualify for a euthanasia in Oregon one must...
*be 18 year of age or older
*make a written and two oral requests to die
*must be terminally ill and have less than 6 months to live
*be informed on other alternatives, such as hospital care

-Records show that an estimated 292 people have been euthanized between the years 1998 and 2007, but the accuracy of this data is not very reliable since doctors face no punishment if they do not report whom they euthanize.
+Between 2009 and 2012, the reports of deaths has increased by nearly 30% from 59 deaths up to 77.

-Lawmakers have made several attempts to repeal the Death with Dignity Act between 1997 and 2005, but failed to do so after the Supreme Court had decided to keep the act.
Oregon Euthanasia Laws
Euthanasia in the Netherlands
- According to the Patients Rights Council, "Dutch Penal Code Articles 293 and 294 make both euthanasia and assisted suicide illegal..." On April 1, 2002, however, "The Termination of Life on Request and Assisted Suicide Act" was enforced.
+This law permitted euthanasia as long as the patient suffers from a incurable disease and requests to die. The patient must also be told of different alternatives.
+If a patient is euthanized without meeting these conditions, it is considered a crime.

- Since the enforcement of this act, euthanasia requests in the Netherlands has gradually increased.
+4,050 people died from euthanasia in 2010 alone!
+Since 2002, the number of those euthanized has nearly doubled!

- Doctors had also illegally euthanized patients out of pity and compassion before this law was made.

- Pro-life activists also believe that this law will lure
suicide tourists
, patients from other countries who come to the Netherlands to be legally killed.


Hippocratic oath forbids doctors from harming patients.
It is not for people to decide for a person to live or die.
Killing is wrong!
Who is to decide whether a life is worth living
It can be unclear if the person wants to die or not.
It devalues human life.
Too much power for the physician
Patient can be cured
Vocabulary
Ordinary Means
- medicines and treatments that can be beneficial towards the patients without severe pain or expense

Extraordinary Means
- medicines and treatments that will not have a benefit for the patients without severe pain or expense
Direct Voluntary
-
the patients wishes to die

Indirect Voluntary
-_withholding the patient's treatment and letting them die
Direct Involuntary
- patient hasn't given consent to die, but someone else has permitted it.
Indirect Involuntary
- patient wishes to die, but treatment is withdrawn instead.
-Killing goes against the dignity of human life

-Killing is contrary to Christian values

-We do not have a right to die since we have no control over when we die, nor does anyone else have the right to kill someone else.
Suicide tourists
- Patients who travel to other countries in order to be legally euthanized.
Physician Assisted Suicide
Physician Assisted Suicide
- when the patient commits suicide with the assistance of the physician
-Physician Assisted Suicide is when the patient commits suicide with he aid of a physician

-Slightly different from euthanasia
+in a physician assisted suicide, the patient causes his own death, whereas in an euthanasia, the physician causes the patient to die.

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