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The Monroe Doctrine

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Rachel Amrhein

on 12 November 2013

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Transcript of The Monroe Doctrine

The Monroe Doctrine
James Monroe
He was nominated for Presidency in 1816 by the Republicans
Become the 5th President of the US
"Era of Good Feelings"
In between the age of the
Founding Fathers and nationalism
Monroe teamed with
John Quincy Adams
New sense of national unity and purpose was released into the land
Right after the War of 1812
Russia, Australia, Prussia, & France are working together
They want to send fleets and armies to the revolted colonies of Spanish America to restore a Spanish king
Americans are alarmed
Events leading up to the Monroe Doctrine
Russians are planning to cut the Republicans off
from Canada
British Prime Minister George Canning wants the US to wok with them
Britain Gets Involved
Joint Declaration renouncing interest
in Latin America and warning Europe to keep their hand off the Latin
American Republic
Thomas Jefferson and James Madison urge James Monroe to accept the offer
John Adams is weary because America has a small military force and navy
Britian feared that the US would end up seizing Spanish territory in the Americas and jeopardize Britian's possesions in Cuba
The Doctrine
Created by James Monroe in 1823
Added it onto his regular annual message to Congress on December 2nd
Era of colonization in America had ended
Two basic features: Non colonization and Nonintervention
Stern warning to European powers, primarily Russia
Warning against foreign intervention
Non colonization
No more seizing and
acquiring land
Personalized statement of the personal policy of
James Monroe (other presidents can change it)
Bluntly told Europe to stay
out of the hemisphere
US would not intervene in the war
that the Greeks were fighting against
the Turks for Independence
"We owe it, therefore, to candour and to the amicable relations existing between the United States and those powers to declare that we should consider any event on their part to extend their system to any proportion to the hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and safety. With the existing colonies or dependencies of any European power we have not inferred and shall not interfere."
~James Monroe
The doctrine is
Monroe's defining
action in office
Brought a vision of
expanded America
to the

Third President to die on July 4
John Quincy Adams became
the 6th president after Monroe
Married Elizabeth
Kortright Monroe
Worked as an
to France before
The Monarchs of Europe were angry
They resented America from the beginning
They did not like Democracies
America had a soft military
and made loud statements
European countries' hands were tied
because if they attacked America,
they would be leaving themselves
vulnerable to Britain
Ironically summarized by
Latin America
as "America for the
US is concerned primarily about itself & secondarily about its neighbors
Self- Defense Doctrine
Russia retreated in the American Treaty of 1824 (one year after the Monroe Doctrine)
Further attempts of European
nations to colonize land or
interfere with the states in North
&South America would be
seen as acts of aggression
John Quincy Adams is the real
author of the Doctrine
Latin America's reaction was positive , they knew
that Monroe really had no power so they did not
worry about it
First Use of the Doctrine
The first use was in 1836 when America objected to Britain's alliance with the Republic of Texas
On December 2, 1845, President James Polk announced that the Doctrine should
be enforced and the US should
aggressively expand into
the west
In 1845, it first became an important national dogma
Other Uses
In 1842, President John Tyler applied the Doctrine to Hawaii and told Britain not to interfere there
In 1852, politicians used the Doctrine
to try to forcibly remove the Spanish
from Cuba
In 1862, the French invaded and conquered Mexico
Violation of the Doctrine
Americans said it was a violation of the Doctrine but couldn't intervene because of the Civil War
After the Civil War ended, the US sent troops to help the nationalists reassert their Independence
Other Uses Continued
In the 1970s, President Ulysees S. Grant tried to replace European influences in Latin America with the United States' and used the Doctrine
In 1895, Venezuela wanted the United State's help in a dispute with Britain but the US used the Doctrine to remain neutral
In 1963, President John F. Kennedy cited the Doctrine as a basis for the confrontation with the Soviet Union
Extension of the Doctrine by John Blaine in the 1800s
"The Big Brother Policy"
Aimed to rally Latin American nations behind US leadership and open the markets to US traders
The Roosevelt Corollary
Re-interpreted by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1904
The extension asserted the right to intervene to stabilize the economic affairs of small nations
in the Caribbean and Central America
if they were unable to pay their
international debts
Applied to Latin America
The Cold War
The Clark Memorandum
Released in 1928
Said that the US did not need to invoke the Doctrine as a defense of its interventions in Latin America
Right to self-defense and that was all that was needed to justify most actions
To prevent further spreading of Communism
Works Cited

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