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By: Mara,Zehraa, and Jasmine

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Zahra Zahra

on 2 December 2016

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Transcript of By: Mara,Zehraa, and Jasmine

Rice and Barley in the U.S.
By: Mara,Zehraa, and Jasmine
There are several stories regarding how rice got to the U.S. the most popular story talks about a Dutch ship in 1694 set sail from Madagascar, it was damaged and forced to dock in North Carolina. The people welcomed them and helped repair the ship. The captains thank you? a bag of rice.
Welcome to the U.S.A.
Rice grows best in tropical lowlands and requires A LOT of water (flooded fields) , and long warm growing seasons. It can be grown wherever night time temperatures stay above 60 degrees for at least 3 months.
Growing conditions for rice
Rice helped the U.S. gain power by growing and harvesting large quantities. Rice is able to be grown almost anywhere that has plenty of water. Being able to grow more rice helps boost the economy and increase how much we export.
Wealth and Power
If rice was no longer a resource to the U.S., it would not have a great impact on the economy since we don’t export very much or use rice for feeding humans and livestock in our own country. There are other cereal grain crops that could sustain the U.S. Even back when America was becoming a nation. rice was not the main staple for most families.
Rice as a Resource
Scientists have genetically modified rice to survive flooded conditions and other modifications may include herbicides and vitamin enhancement. Just like barley, to genetically change a plant species, it is done by exposing a seed to radiation to cause a mutation that will improve in some aspect like increasing the size of the crop or making a flower appear more decorative. The modifications that have been done to rice has benefited man by allowing rice plants to continue to survive through flood conditions letting farmers harvest that crop and not completely ruining an entire season. For herbicides, this keeps unnecessary weeds from growing, usually using synthetic mimics of natural plant hormone. Lastly, vitamin enhancement helps people get necessary vitamins that we may be missing in our diets.

genetic engineering
Rice had a small but positive impact. Currently the price of rice has gone up because of the large demand for it and not enough supply around the world. If the U.S exports a large amount of rice, they will be making a lot of money because they can sell it at a higher price.
Positive impact on the U.S?
All About the Latitude
Rice grows and can be harvested in five months or less. Rice is an aquatic plant often grown in flooded fields. Rice grows best in warm tropical climates where nighttime temperatures stay above 60 degrees for at least 3 months of the year. Rice is usually harvested between early fall and late winter depending on where it's grown.
Bran is the outer layer of brown rice which gives it it's color and nutritious value, it is removed to make white rice.
Today rice helps sustain two thirds of the world's population.
American rice production is one of the most efficient and advanced in the world.
Facts About Rice
How Rice Helped Grow The US
Barley came to the U.S. with the earliest European settlers who were unsure about what cereal grains would be native to the New World and there you have it... barley
Thanks Settlers!
Unlike rice, barley has had a larger impact on the U.S - larger than rice-. with an estimated annual value of nearly $760 million.
Useful Barley
Barley grows best in cold areas - ground temperatures should hover around freezing- if you want barley for the winter it's best to start in October. If you want barley in the spring, better start growing in January.
... and for barley
Barley does contribute to our economy but not very much. Since America only produced 5-10% of the world production, it was not the crop that pushed America to the top for wealth and money.
As for barley...
If barley was no longer a resource to the U.S. then the benefits that come from barley like its high protein levels that some livestock require will be lost. Not only is barley used for feeding livestock but also for human food and malt production. About three quarters of barley production is for human consumption. Without barley, there would be almost no other option for a grain with such high protein levels as barley. Without barley, farmers would have to invest in supplements to fill in the nutritional gap for their livestock.
Barley and livestock
Some characteristics that scientists have genetically engineered into barley are herbicide tolerance and insect resistance. Herbicide tolerance is basically means the plant or crop will be able to hold off the toxic effects from the chemicals that are used to kill weeds. Insect resistance is designed to repel insects that have been a nuisance to the crop year after year. For example, caterpillars eat and lay their eggs in barley and ruin whole fields due to this pest. These are not only changes scientists have made to barley though. One way to genetically change a plant species is exposing a seed to radiation to cause a mutation that will improve in some aspect like increasing the size of the crop or making a flower appear more decorative. This genetic engineering has benefited man in many ways such as being able to have more product or fruit from each harvest so that farmers can sell more and get more money, and also have less crops dying due to diseases that could put a farmer out for the whole season.
advantages for barley
Barley is a very resilient, hardy plant that can grow in many different regions and latitudes. However, most of the barley that is produced in the U.S. is in the North and Northwest area, including North Dakota, Montana, Idaho and Eastern Washington. All these states are at about 45 to 50 degrees North latitude.
what about barley?
Barley grows best in colder climates where the ground is close to freezing temperatures. Barley is harvested between October and late November, it grows in similar conditions to wheat. Barley is one of the largest grain crops in America.
Barley And Where It's Grown
though barley didn't have as much of an impact on american history as rice did it was one of the first cultivated cereal grains in the middle east. it was first brought to America in the 1600s. barley was domesticated around the same time as wheat but it was not as popular.
How Barley Affected Americas Growth
Barley is high in fiber and can lower cholesterol.
Fermented barley is a common ingredient in beer and other alcoholic beverages.
Out of all the whole grains barley is the highest in fiber with as much as 30% in certain varieties and 17% in the mos common varieties
Facts About Barley
Rice is easy to cook,tastes good, and you can make lots of different dishes
Useful rice
Jared Diamond's theory about geography being the main determining factor in a nations prosperity, power and technological advancement.
Jared Diamond's Theory
The latitude that best supports rice in America is between 30 and 35 degrees North and grows mainly along the Mississippi river.
Where Does It Rice Grow?
Our Thesis:
Rice and Barley were not the main factors in U.S growth and power although they did play a small role in the development of the U.S.
When rice was first brought to America colonists were able to plant and farm it in the low-lying marshlands by the rivers in both Georgia and the Carolinas.Tthe soft rich soil wasn't suitable for very many crops but was a perfect landscape for rice to grow. By 1700 rice was on of the colonists main crops, that year 300 tons of american rice were shipped to England. Today the united states is one of the largest rice exporters, 90 percent of the rice consumed in America is grown here.
In conclusion...

Rice and barley were not the main factors in U.S growth and power although they did play a small role in the development of the U.S. All these slides support our theory. Despite the ideal growing locations within the U.S. and the economic and nutritional benefits from rice and barley neither grain gained much popularity in the American culture.
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