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Shi'ites and Sunnis

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Mac Reynolds

on 17 December 2013

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Transcript of Shi'ites and Sunnis

Daily routine in the afternoon and evening
1. Voll, John. Islam. ed. Robert Wuthnow. Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion. Washington, D.C. Congressional Quarterly, Inc., 1998. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. <http://www.cqpress.com/context/articles/epr_islam.html>

2. Kellogg, Fred. "Foundations of Islam." "ehc.edu."Emory & Henry College, 2013. Web. 6 Nov 2013.

3.Religion Facts. "Religions, World Religions, Comparative Religions." "religionfacts.com." Religion Facts, 2013. Web. 6 Nov. 2013.

4. C. Mofty. "Ten Commandments in the Quran." "islamreligion.com." Islam Religion, 2013. Web. 6 Nov 2013.




The Shi'ites and Sunnis are the largest groups within Islam.
15% of the population in Afghanistan are Shi'ites. (2)
84% of the population in Afghanistan are Sunnis. (2)
The dispute goes all the way back to the death of Muhammad in 632. (1)
The Death of Muhammad sparked the dispute. (1)
Islam In Afghanistan
Daily Routine of a Muslim in Early Morning
The Muslim's daily routine can be a rewarding form of worship if done to please Allah
Acts of worship may include Salah prayer, reading the Quran (Koran), and other worthy deeds.
The first thing a Muslim does in the morning after they wake up is thank Allah for giving them life
After prayer, Muslims make wudoo' or perform ghusl(If needed)
Upon entering the bathroom, Muslims say Bis'millah followed by the supplication. They then enter with their left foot first
Left hand is use for cleaning one's self and using the toilet.. Right hand is for Allah's Messengers and for picking up food
Before leaving the bathroom, they recite Ghufraa'nak
Muslims begin their day, before work or school, by performing
Shi'ites and Sunnis
Sources
Foundations of Islam
History
Islam began as a small community of believers in Arabia. It is believed that Muhammad received revelations for God and through those he wrote the Qu''ran. (1) Opposition to his claims of receiving messages from God quickly arose in Mecca which lead to his emigration to Medina. This was a key event in Islam known as the hijra. (2) By the time of Muhammad's death, the Muslim community was well established. Regardless, Muslims ended up splitting into two groups based on disagreements of leadership: the Sunni and Shi'ah. (1)





Symbols
The star and crescent
Was not a symbol by Muhammad
Best- known symbol used for islam religion
Not in the muslim origin
adopted during the spread of islam
Symbols
"Allah"
Symbolizes islam
The Ka'ba
Mecca, Saudi Arabia
most sacred place in islam
a mosque built around a black stone
believed to be the first place created on earth

Symbols
The Five Pillars of Islam
1.) Shahadaq: Testifying to God's One-ness
Declaration
" There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his prophet"
2.)
Salat: Prayer
5 prayer times
early morning
noon
sunset
evening
Elements of
public prayer
Masjid (Mosque):
women are not required to attend
3.)
Zakat: Giving Charity
.
originally a free-will donation
now largely compulsory
general rate: 2 1/2% of income annually
only given to needy muslims or for religious purpose
Symbols
4.) Sawm: Fast
memory of the revelation of the Qur'an
during the month of Ramadan (the 9th month in the islamic calender)
people with medical problems should fast at another tiime
Feast of Fast-Breaking; at the beginning of the next month
5.) Hajj: Pilgrimage
Egalitarian atmosphere
donning of simple white garments
refraining frome sex, haircuts, jewelry, and arguing
Tawaf : circling Ka'ba counterclockwise seven times
touching black stone of Ka'ba
Beliefs
In Islam Allah is revered as the creator of a perfect, ordered universe (3)
Muslims believe in many of the same figures that appear in Christianity, such as Angels, Moses, Jesus, Noah, Adam, and Abraham
(2)
That mankind's major fault is their pride and rebelliousness (3)
Jesus was taken to be with God, rather than dieing on the cross (2)
Qu'ran (Koran)
Millions of Muslims read the Qur'an daily. The bare minimum of reading from the Qu'ran is 10 minutes a day. (4)
Abraham's son Ishmael, according to the Qu'ran, was the ancestor of the Muslims
In the Qu'ran it says that man was created from a clot of Allah's blood
The Qu'ran promotes faith and good works for salvation in it's teachings (3)
Major Commandments
1. Join not anything in worship with God
2. Be good and dutiful to parents
3. Kill not your children because of poverty
4. Come not near to “shameful” sins whether committed openly or secretly
5. Kill not anyone whom God has forbidden (4)
We decreed to the Children of Israel that if anyone kills a person - unless in retribution for murder or spreading corruption in the land - it is as if he kills all mankind, while if any saves a life it is as if he saves the lives of all mankind.” (Qu'ran 5:32)
Daily Routine in the mid and late morning
Foundation of Islam Citations
Citations Symbols
"Islam." Religion Facts. Religion Facts. 2013. Web. 3 Nov. 2013. <http://www.religionfacts.com/>

"The Five Pillars of Islam." Eliezer Segals's Home Page. University of Calgary, n.d. Web. 1 Nov. 2013. <http://people.ucalgary.ca/~Elsegal/index.html>
Muslims begin a mean by saying "Bismillah hir-Rahman nir-Raheem
When eating or drinking, Muslim use their right hand.
When a Muslim is done eating, they thank Allah by saying supplication
Unhealthy to overeat
Muslims leave the house with saying supplication.
"A Muslim eats a healthy lunch within the Islamic dietary guidelines" (newmuslims.com)
"Performing the 4 rak’ah of Dhuhr salah: One should try to pray 4 or 2 rak’ah of Sunnah before itm, and 2 rak’ah Sunnah after it" (newmuslims.com)
Men should try to pray at a Mosque if one is close to their work or school and on weekends
Many supplications should be said before dusk.
Muslims say supplication when entering the house in the evening. After this they say 3 rak’ah Maghrib salah.
It is preferred to make wudoo before going to bed. and to lie the right side

Shi'ites and Sunnis
1. S.B. "What is the difference between Sunni and Shia Muslims?" "theeconomist.com." The Economist Newspaper Limited 2013. Web. 6 Nov. 2013.
2. Pierre Tristam. "The Difference Between Sunnis and Shiites" "About.com." About.com 2013. Web. 6 Nov. 2013

Similarities
They all agree that Allah is the only God and Muhammad his messenger. They also follow the five ritualistic pillars of Islam, Which includes Ramadan, the month of fasting, and they share a holy book, the Koran
. (1)
Differences
After the death of Muhammad, there was dispute on who should gain the rights to the political and religious office. (1)
Most followed Abu Bakr, a friend of Muhammad and are known as the Sunnis, (1)
The others followed Ali, kin of Muhammad, and are known as Shi'ites. (1)
Sunnis rely heavily on the teachings of the Profit, but the Shi'ites see their ayatollahs as reflections of God on earth.
(1)
Due to their beliefs, the Sunnis accuse the Shi'ites of heresy. (1)
Men
Try to make every effort to pray at a mosque if one is reasonably close
If they live far away, Muslims should offer prayer in a congregation
A Muslim man should be available for their family, plan vacation, talk to their children, and etc.
Women
It is an honorable task for a woman to raise a child.
They should spend quality time with their children, for example reading books.
If a woman is postnatal or menstruating, they are not allowed to offer salah
“Do not prevent women from going to the mosques, although their houses are better for them.
Daily Life
"A day in the life of a Muslim (part 2 of 2): From Noon to Bed" NewMuslims.com web. 6 Nov. 2013
"A Day in the life of a Muslim (part 1 of 2): From Waking up till late Morning" NewMuslims.com web. 6 Nov. 2013
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