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Subject Verb Agreement
Transcript of Subject Verb Agreement
Error: They GOES to town.
Correct: They GO to town. When the subject is plural the verb must be singular. Example: The GROUP of students is going on a field trip. Examples:
AREFA and JOSEY go to town. Subjects joined by "and" Subject-Verb Agreement Examples with Prepositional Phrases Example: The TEACHER, along with her students, finds the instructions confusing. ICED TEA and LEMON quenches your thirst on a hot day. Collective Nouns Collective nouns refer to groups of people or things. Example: The GROUP agrees that action is necessary. Example: The old GROUP have gone their separate ways. Example: NEITHER wants to work hard.
Example: EVERYBODY knows the answer to that question! Indefinite Pronouns Example: BOTH know the answer to the question
Even if the subject comes first the verb must agree. Example: Are a RIGHT and a
PRIVILEGE the same thing? STATISTICS is the one course Beth failed. EX: The LENS is broken. Nouns ending with -ics The STATISTICS indicate that the demand for American made products is increasing. Examples: **when the word (statistics) refers to a body of knowledge or a course of study it is singular. **When the word (statistics) refers to activities or qualities it is plural. Subjects that look plural (because they end in -s Plural unless followed by the phrase PAIR OF Special Cases Ex: My GLASSES need cleaning EX: This PAIR OF glasses needs cleaning. Linking and Singular Verbs Linking verbs MUST agree with the subject Examples:
Low WAGES are the problem.
The PROBLEM is low wages. Examples:
STAR WARS is my favorite movie.
CHILDREN is misspelled in your paper. Relative Pronouns and the words OR & NOR
EITHER HER BROTHER OR MARY mows the lawn. ** When subjects joined by OR or NOR the verb should agree with the subject closest to it. Examples:
I have a friend WHO studies day and night. **When there is a relative pronoun (who,that,which) in a dependent clause, it must agree with the antecedent. "They" is plural, therefore go needs to be in the third person singular form. Do not mistake students as the subject and make the verb singular. In this case GROUP is the subject and the prepositional phrase (of students) should be ignored. Once again you need to ignore the prepositional phrase (along with her students). The subject is singular (teacher) therefore the verb (finds) should be plural. Note: Each & Every are plural words and should be used with a singular verb (has) Note: Use a singular verb for two singular subjects that form or are one thing Note: the word "group" is acting as one
(singular) so the verb is plural Note: The group members are acting as individuals so the verbs (have gone) are singular. Note: All refers to money which is singular. Note: All refers to funds which is plural. Example: ALL the funds are reserved for emergencies. Both, few, many and several are singular and take plural verbs. Neither and Everbody are plural so they require singular verbs. Placement of verbs When referring to titles, use a singular verb Note: Subjects joined by "and" usually take a plural verb (go) Each BOY and GIRL in the class has a different story. Collective nouns can be either singular or plural depending on the context of the sentence. Example: ALL the money is reserved for emergencies. LENS refers to one thing, therefore it is singular The antecedent is the third-person singular noun friend, so the verb is third-person singular, (studies) Bill bought one of the three thousand cars THAT have leather upholstery. The antecedent is cars, so the verb is third-person plural. (have) Examples: NEITHER THE TEACHER NOR THE STUDENTS understand.