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CLEFT SENTENCES AND FRONTING
Transcript of CLEFT SENTENCES AND FRONTING
Fronting refers to the shifting in position of an element of a sentence to give the element a sense of relevance.
FRONTING IS COMMON WITH:
- ADVERBIALS: (PLACE AND MOVEMENT)
A vase of flowers
on the table
On the table
a vase of flowers.
- THERE IS/ARE:
next to the window.
Next to the window
The designer sunglasses
the designer sunglasses.
TYPES OF EMPHASIS
MIKE TOOK SALLY TO THE PARTY ON SATURDAY.
TYPES OF CLEFT SENTENCES
It is Jaime for whom we are looking.
What he wanted to find was a Fiat.
- REVERSED WH/CLEFT-PSEUDO/CLEFT:
A Fiat is what he wanted to buy.
: All he wanted to buy was a Fiat.
If he wants to be an actor it's because he wants to be famous.
FIRST OF ALL,
COMES FROM THE VERB CLEAVE WHICH MEANS
DIVIDE SOMETHING IN TWO.
CLEFT SENTENCES HELP US TO FOCUS ON THE MAIN PART OF THE SENTENCE AND TO EMPHASISE WHAT WE WANT TO SAY. THIS FOCUSING IS OFTEN ACCOMPAINED BY A SPECIAL INTONATION.
-->David studied English at Oxford.
studied English at Oxford.
Some other sentences can include linkers followed by is or was.
Your generosity impresses me more than anything else.
The thing that
impresses me more than anything else
- Cleft structures with wh-clauses are also used with DO-DOES-DID
The police interviewed all the witnesses to the accident first.
interview all the witnesses to the accident.
-EMPHASIS ON THE SUBJECT:
It was Mike who took Sally to the party on Saturday.
-EMPHASIS ON THE OBJECT:
It was Sally that Mike took to the party on Saturday.
-EMPHASIS ON THE ADVERBIAL:
It was on Saturday that Mike took Sally to the party.
-EMPHASIS ON PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE:
It was to the party that to the pary that Mike took Sally on Saturday.
When part of a sentence is moved from its normal position to the beginning of the sentence, we call this fronting. The part of the sentence moved to the front might be the object or even the main verb itself.
-->His eyes looked
his eyes looked.