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CLEFT SENTENCES AND FRONTING

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by

Alejandra Rodriguez

on 30 October 2013

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Transcript of CLEFT SENTENCES AND FRONTING

CLEFT SENTENCES AND FRONTING
FRONTING
Fronting refers to the shifting in position of an element of a sentence to give the element a sense of relevance.
FRONTING IS COMMON WITH:
- ADVERBIALS: (PLACE AND MOVEMENT)

Ex: DS:
A vase of flowers
stood

on the table
.

FS:

On the table

stood
a vase of flowers.
- THERE IS/ARE:

Ex: DS:
There
was
a bookcase
next to the window.

FS:

Next to the window

was
a bookcase.
- PARTICIPLES:
Ex: DS:
The designer sunglasses
were

stolen.

Fs:

Stolen

were
the designer sunglasses.
TYPES OF EMPHASIS
MIKE TOOK SALLY TO THE PARTY ON SATURDAY.
TYPES OF CLEFT SENTENCES
- IT-CLEFT:
It is Jaime for whom we are looking.
- WH/CLEFT-PSEUDO/CLEFT:
What he wanted to find was a Fiat.
- REVERSED WH/CLEFT-PSEUDO/CLEFT:
A Fiat is what he wanted to buy.
- ALL-CLEFT
: All he wanted to buy was a Fiat.
-

BECAUSE-CLEFT:
If he wants to be an actor it's because he wants to be famous.
CLEFT SENTENCES

FIRST OF ALL,
CLEFT
COMES FROM THE VERB CLEAVE WHICH MEANS
DIVIDE SOMETHING IN TWO.
CLEFT SENTENCES HELP US TO FOCUS ON THE MAIN PART OF THE SENTENCE AND TO EMPHASISE WHAT WE WANT TO SAY. THIS FOCUSING IS OFTEN ACCOMPAINED BY A SPECIAL INTONATION.

EXAMPLE:
-->David studied English at Oxford.

-->It was
David who
studied English at Oxford.
-
Some other sentences can include linkers followed by is or was.

Ex:

DS:
Your generosity impresses me more than anything else.

CS:

The thing that
impresses me more than anything else
is
your generosity.
- Cleft structures with wh-clauses are also used with DO-DOES-DID
Ex:
DS:
The police interviewed all the witnesses to the accident first.

CS:

What
the police
did
first
was to
interview all the witnesses to the accident.
-EMPHASIS ON THE SUBJECT:
It was Mike who took Sally to the party on Saturday.
-EMPHASIS ON THE OBJECT:
It was Sally that Mike took to the party on Saturday.
-EMPHASIS ON THE ADVERBIAL:
It was on Saturday that Mike took Sally to the party.
-EMPHASIS ON PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE:
It was to the party that to the pary that Mike took Sally on Saturday.
When part of a sentence is moved from its normal position to the beginning of the sentence, we call this fronting. The part of the sentence moved to the front might be the object or even the main verb itself.
EXAMPLE
-->His eyes looked
very strange.
-->
Very strange
his eyes looked.
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