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Transcript of Windsor Castle
Henry III strengthened defenses after a rebellion.
Edward III was born in Windsor and spent over 51,000 pounds, expanding the castle, making it the single most expensive renovation in all of Medieval times. He based the castle off the beauty of Château de Versailles in France. The Origins Chapel and Choir founded in 1348 by Edward III.
Present day chapel built in 1475 by Edward IV.
In 18th Queen Victoria constructed the choir screen and organ, completed Henry VII's Lady Chapel, and the west end ceremonial steps.
Now is home to the Order of the Garter, England's highest order of chivalry. Built by William the Conqueror during 1070-1086 AD, in Berkshire England. He chose the site because it was built on a cliff over the river Thames, and was a days march from the Tower of London.
Original castle was a motte and bailey, used as a military base to protect the capital London.
William II made the castle more suitable for royalty.
Henry I was the first royal to live in it in 1110 AD. https://www.360cities.net/image/england-windsor-castle-3#66.10,-17.10,80.0 360 Cities Royal History Windsor Great Park Total of 4,800 acres.
Long Walk was built in 1688. It goes from the Castle to the statue of the Cooper horse on Snow hill. It is 5 km long.
Savill Garden is a smaller park within the park. 35 acres large, and built in 1932 by Sir Eric Savill.
Virginia Water is a large lake, with an 100 ft. Totem pole, artificial grotto and waterfall, and an obelisk taken from an ancient african city by George II. Elizabeth I had William Shakespeare come and write "Merry Wives of Windsor" at the castle.
In 1642 Oliver Cromwell captured the castle after the battle of Edgehill, and for the rest of the war, used it as a prison and headquarters of the parliamentary forces.
After the Civil war parliament voted on demolishing the castle and decided not to by one vote.
Charles II, created a new set of State Apartments, and the Long Walk in the 1670s.
George IV built the Waterloo Chamber to show off paintings.
Queen Victoria opened State Apartments to public in 1845. The Fire In 1992 a Windsor Castle caught fire.
It took 15 hrs. and one and a half million gallons of water to put it out.
One fifth of the castle was destroyed, and Queen Elizabeth spent 5 years and 31 million pounds restoring it. Windsor Castle Today Windsor Castle is the largest, oldest occupied castle in the world.
One of Her Majesty the Queen's royal residences.
Official home of the Order of the Garter.
Many parts are open to the public, such as, the State Apartments, St. George's Chapel, the Albert Memorial chapel, and Queen Mary's doll house. Fun Facts The castle is over 1,000 years old.
There is a cheese called Red Windsor. It is a cheddar with wine infused in it.
39 Monarchs have lived at Windsor Castle.
Many Renaissance treasures are kept in the castle.
In Arthurian legend Windsor Castle was built on an ancient Celtic camp where King Arthur lived.
The Round tower was built only to house a recreation of King Arthur's round table.
Windsor is haunted by several Kings and Queens. Works Cited Sheehan, Sean, and Peter Dennis. Castles. North Mankato: Smart Apple Media,
The Royal Residences. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2013. <http://www.royal.gov.uk/ TheRoyalResidences/WindsorCastle/History.aspx>.
History of Windsor Castle. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2013. <http://www.castles.me.uk/.
"Windsor Castle-Royal-Windsor.com." Windsor Castle. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar.
"windsor-." Windsor Castle-front door. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2013.
"St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle." St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.
N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2013. <http://www.inetours.com/>.