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Vitamins Project

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Krista Shover

on 27 November 2012

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Transcript of Vitamins Project

Vitamins What Are Vitamins? Vitamins are organic compounds that are needed for growth, nutrition, and to maintain body functions. Vitamins are essential for our bodies because there is very little our body can do without them. Each vitamin has their own specific effect on the body. Vitamins are required in small amounts in the diet because the body cannot synthesize it. There are two types of vitamins water-soluble and fat-soluble. Sources Cited http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/vitamins?s=t Water-Soluble Types of Vitamins Fat-Soluble Vitamin A
Vitamin K
Vitamin D
Vitamin E What Role Do Vitamins Play In Body Functioning? Water Soluble Vitamins:
Vitamin C acts as a coenzyme that helps in chemical reactions and in the synthesizing of collagen which is the most abundant in the body. Vitamin C also acts as a an antioxidant. It also prmotes a healthy immune system, helps wounds heal, and aids in the absoprtion of iron.
Allows your body to metabolize calories from carbohydrates, protiens and fats into energy.
Vitamin B6 helps in the transfer from glycogen in into glucose.
Folate helps your body form DNA and allows your body to use amino acids.
B12 help keep your red blood cells and nerve cells healthy Fat Soluble Vitamins:
Vitamin A helps in the form and maintain healthy skin and mucous membranes. Which helps in resistnace agaisnt disease. Helps in night vision and promotes bone and teeth development.
Vitamin D helps in the hardeing of bones and teeth. Also, it aids in the absoprtion of calcium.
Vitamin E protects vitamins A & C and fatty acids. Prevents damage to cell membranes. It is also a antioxidant.
Vitamin K helps blood clot. Where In The Body Can Vitamins Be Found? Water Soluble:
Water soluble vitamins are not stored in the body. The body takes what it needs from food and excretes the uneeded as waste. Fat-Soluble:
Fat soluble vitamins are stored in fat cells when there is excess of them. To be abosrbed in the body there needs to be fat in them. Does The Body Make Vitamins? The body cannot make vitamins on its on. So the body recieves vitamins from different foods.
Vitamin A: Liver, dairy products, butter, eggs, carrots, leafy green vegtables, sweet potatos, squash, apricots, cantaloupe.
Vitamin D: Also dairy products.
Vitamin E: Vegetable oil, butter shortening, leafy vegetables, wheat germ, whole grain products, nuts.
Vitamin K: Green leafy vegetables, dairy products.
Vitamin C: Citrus fruits, broccoli, strawberries, melons, green peppers, tomatoes, dark green vegetables, potatoes.
Thiamin: Pork, liver, whole grain products, peas, legumes.
Riboflavin: Liver, milk, dark green vegetables, whole grain products, eggs.
Niacin: Fish, meat produts, whole grains.
Vitamin B6: Meat, pork, whole grains, leafy green vegetables.
Folactin: Liver: kidney, meats, vegetables, whole grains, citrus fruits.
Vitamin B12: Eggs, dairy, fish, kidney, liver.
Pantothenic: Liver, kindey, meats, egg yolk, whole grains, legumes.
Biotin: Liver, kidney, egg yolk, dairy, vegetables. What Happens If There Is Too Much Or To Little Amounts Of Vitamins In The Body? If there is too little of vitamins in the body then there is a vitamin deficiency. There is an effect on the body if there is a deficiency, Each vitamin has a different disorder if there is not enough of it.
Top Ten Vitamin Deficincies:
10. Beriberi; Weakness throughout body, weight loss, brain damage, and death if not treated (Thiamin)
9. Pellagra; Diarrhea, dermatitis, demenita, and could lead to death.(Niacin)
8. Biotin Deficiency; Rashes, hairloss, and mental conditions.(Biotin)
7. Scurvy; Skin spots, bleeding gums, loss of teeth, fever, and possibly death. (Vitamin C)
6. Rickets; Causes muscles and bones to become soft. Most common in children.(Vitamin D)
5. Ariboflavinosis; Bright tongues, cracked lips, throat swelling, bloodshot eyes, low red blood cell count. Most common in people who suffer from malnutrition and alcoholism.(Riboflavin)
4. Vitamin K Deficiency; Uncontrolled bleeding and undeveloped faces and bones. Most common in newborns.(Vitamin K)
3. Hypocobalaminemia; Deterioration of spinal cord and gradual brain deterioration. Which leads to fatigue, depression, and bad memory.(Vitamin B12)
2. Paraesthia; Feeling of pins and needles in a limb, like it has fallen asleep.(Pantothenic)
1. Night Blindness; Causes a person to become completely blind when it is dark. (Vitamin A) Nursing Implications? Thiamin
Riboflavin
Niacin
B6
B12
Biotin
Folic Acid/ Folate
Pantothenic Acid
Vitamin C http://www.dining.iastate.edu/sites/default/files/imported/nutrition/docs/vitamins.pdf http://www.bbc.co.uk/health/treatments/healthy_living/nutrition/dietary_vitwater.shtml http://www.livestrong.com/article/396444-what-do-water-soluble-vitamins-do/ http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002399.htm http://www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs/foodnut/09315.html http://www.livestrong.com/article/410496-can-your-body-make-vitamins-on-its-own/ *Also, vitamin supplements are avaliable in different forms. (Capsules, gummies) http://www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs/foodnut/09312.html Beriberi Rickets Ariboflavinosis http://listverse.com/2012/03/16/top-10-vitamin-deficiencies/ If the body revicieves too much vitamins the body could be put through a vitamin overdose. This is also known as hypervitaminosis. Having too much vitamins in the body is more caused by vitamin supplement rather than the food that is consumed. Each vitamin has there own specfic effect in the body if there is to much of it.
Fat Soluble vitamins are the most common vitamins that a vitamin overdose occurs with.
Vitamin A; Birth defects, liver problems, reduced bone density which could lead to osteoporosis, skin discoloration, hair loss, skin dryness, loss of muscular discoordination.
Vitamin D; Occurs when there is hypercalcemia in the body. It can damage the kidney and create kidney stones, hypertension, cause too much calcium in the heart; bones, and, soft tissues.
Vitamin E; This is an anticogulant and if there is to much it can cause an increase the risk of bleeding issues and blotchy skin.
Vitamin K; The synethetic from of this is very toxic and is banned by the FDA becuase large doses caused allergic reactions, hemolytic anemia(not enough red blood cells), and can harm the liver. If an infant gets to much of this it can progress to brain damage. http://www.healthfiend.com/health/hyper-vitaminosis-symptoms-a-b-c-d-e-k-vitamins/ Vitaminosis A Vitaminosis D Vitaminosis E As a future health care provider I have to make sure patients that are coming in for care making sure they have the proper amounts of vitamins in their system becuase if there is too much or too little serious consequences can occur. After surgery making sure they are getting their daily proper intake so they can recover quickly. The patient needs to maintain their body functions and get their proper amount of nutrition when they are unhealthy.
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