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Rock and Roll History
Transcript of Rock and Roll History
1950's Buddy Holly The 1950’s were an era of prosperity and conservatism in the U.S. The typical American dream of having a nice suburban household with a white picket fence was becoming more of a reality. This dream was what people saw on television and the shows of that era. This became a normal desire for the common man. Considered by many as the "father of rock 'n' roll," Chuck Berry was born Charles Anderson Edward Berry on October 18, 1926, in St. Louis, Missouri. He began producing hits in the 1950s, including 1958's "Johnny B. Good," and had his first No. 1 hit in 1972. With his clever lyrics and distinctive sounds, Berry became one of the most influential figures in the history of rock music. Born on September 7, 1936, in Lubbock, Texas, Buddy Holly was an American singer and songwriter who produced some of the most distinctive and influential work in rock music. At age 16 he was a seasoned performer and a well versed musician through his style and performance. With hits such as 'Peggy Sue' and 'That'll Be the Day,' Buddy Holly was a rising star when a tragic plane crash struck him down in 1959 at age 22. Born Richard Wayne Penniman on December 5, 1932, in Macon, Georgia, Little Richard was a singer and pianist whose hit songs in the mid-1950s were defining moments in the development of rock ‘n’ roll. With his croons, wails and screams, he turned songs like “Tutti-Frutti” and “Long Tall Sally” into huge hits and influenced such artists as the Beatles and Elvis Presley. Musician and actor Elvis Presley also known as the “King of Rock N’ Roll” was born on January 8, 1935 in Tupelo, Mississippi. From very humble beginnings, Presley grew up to become one of the biggest names in rock 'n' roll. By the mid-1950s, he appeared on the radio, television and the big screen. With his rapid fame in the 50's he helped expand Rock and Roll forever. On August 16, 1977, at age 42, he died of heart failure, which was related to his drug addiction. Since his death, Presley has remained one of the world's most popular music icons. In the new era of Rock and Roll, the music and its popularity transferred over into the 60’s and skyrocketed from there. In the 60’s however traditional Rock and Roll was transformed with its new sub genres such as pop rock, psychedelic rock, blues rock, and folk rock. The Beatles consisted of John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr. They were a legendary rock group that formed in Liverpool, England, in 1960, and went on to transform popular music as a creative, highly commercial art form over the next decade. Born in Barnwell, South Carolina, on May 3, 1933, into extreme poverty, James Brown worked his way to the top of the funk and R&B music earning the nick name "The Godfather of Soul." His unique vocal and musical style influenced many artists. Brown was also renowned for his work in social activism, both in his songwriting and advocating the benefits of education to schoolchildren. Born on December 8, 1943, in Melbourne, Florida, Jim Morrison was an American rock singer and songwriter. He studied film at UCLA, where he met the members of what would become the Doors. Known for his drinking and drug use and outrageous stage behavior, in 1971 Morrison left the Doors to write poetry and moved to Paris, where he died of heart failure. In 1962, one of the most successful and critically acclaimed rock bands of all time, The Rolling Stones was started in London. Named after, the Muddy Water’s song “Rollin’ Stone," the original band included front man Mick Jagger, guitarists Keith Richards and Brian Jones, bassist Bill Wyman, drummer Charlie Watts and pianist Ian Stewart. Guitarist Ron Wood joined Jagger, Richards and Watts in 1975. The Stones, in their various incarnations, have rocked on for 50 years, selling over 200 million albums worldwide. The 70’s carried on the new variations of the classic Rock and Roll. New innovators in music such as The Eagles, Chicago, Paul McCartney and the Wings, The Who, and Jimi Hendrix all changed Rock music forever. The 70’s also featured new sub genres such as progressive rock, jazz rock, glam rock, and punk rock. The emerging fame of some R&B and Pop artists such as Stevie Wonder, Elton John, David Bowe, and Bob Marley also helped shape Rock Music. Guitarist, singer, and songwriter Jimi Hendrix was born on November 27, 1942, in Seattle, Washington. Learning to play guitar as a teenager, Hendrix grew up to become a rock guitar legend that excited audience in the 1960s with his innovative electric guitar playing. Hendrix died in 1970 from drug-related complications, leaving his mark on the world of rock music and remaining popular to this day. He is considered the best Guitarist of all time according to the Rolling Stone Magazines 100 greatest Guitarists of all time. The Who were the godfathers of punk and pioneers of rock opera, and were among the first rock groups to integrate synthesizers. The band was made up of Roger Daltrey, Pete Townshend, John Entwistle and Keith Moon. There unique effects and rhythm influenced many artists of the 70’s. The members of Led Zeppelin shared a unique chemistry between one another. Lead singer Robert Plant, guitarist Jimmy Page, bassist John Paul Jones and drummer John Bonham made up the band. Combining the visceral power and intensity of hard rock with the finesse and delicacy of British folk music, Led Zeppelin redefined rock in the Seventies and for all time. Their impact extends to classic and alternative rockers alike. The members of Aerosmith were America’s feisty comeback to hard-rocking British groups from the British Invasion. The band included Tom Hamilton, Joey Kramer, Joe Perry, Steven Tyler, and Brad Whitford. Among American bands, Aerosmith matched those British legends in power, intensity, and notoriety. They’ve long since surpassed many of their influences in terms of popularity. The 80’s and the 90’s took rock to another level through the progression of Alternative Rock, Pop, Soft Rock, and Metal. Early bands in the 80’s that were influential of the time included AC/DC, Bon Jovi, Black Sabbath, Motor Head, Boston, and Death Leopard. Influential bands of the 90’s include Pearl Jam, U2, The Beastie Boys, Sound Garden, and Weezer. Starting with their 1978 debut album, Van Halen almost single-handedly redefined heavy metal as sunny, pop-friendly California party music that managed to retain its power. With Eddie Van Halen’s highly original guitar pyrotechnics a constant through the years, Van Halen would change their lineup again and again. Few bands in rock history have had a more immediate impact on the musical landscape than Nirvana did in the early Nineties. When the Seattle trio hit the scene in 1991, mainstream radio was surrounded in the Rock and metal of Poison and Def Leopard. But seemingly within hours of the release of Nirvana's, angry single "Smells like Teen Spirit" the rules had changed. Formed in the wake of the L.A. punk scene, the Red Hot Chili Peppers combined funk and punk to create their own sound. The result was a high-octane sound that made the alternative rock band an instant favorite in the Eighties, then superstars in the Nineties. But as the Chili Peppers aged, their songs became more laid-back and lyrical, and the band went from uncontrollable intense rockers to respected veterans. The transition from jazz and swing to Rock and Roll was a big step in musical history. The younger generations listened to Rock and Roll as a form of rebellion in spite of their parents. As Rock and Roll was starting in the 50's, early hits were produced by stars such as Chuck Berry, Buddy Holly, Little Richard, and Elvis Presley. This age also introduced the British invasion in which popular bands from the UK became widely adored in America. The British invasion includes The Beatle, The Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin, Cream, and The Yarbirds. Other famous Artists in the 60’s included The Beach Boys, Bob Dylan, Ray Charles, and Marvin Gaye. The Beatles were one of the most popular bands of all time, producing songs like "Yesterday, "Hey Jude," "Penny Lane, "With A Little Help From My Friends," "Norwegian Wood," "Day Tripper" and "Come Together." Today the Beatles are known as one of the biggest and most influential bands of all time. James Brown Jimi Hendrix 1950's-1990's Van Halen The 1980's And The 1990's ZZ Top began as a rough-and-ready blues-rock power trio from Texas that became a huge mid-1970s concert attraction. Their real commercial peak didn't come, however, until the 1980s, when the Band became MTV superstars and sold multiple millions of albums. ZZ Top was built around guitarist Billy Gibbons, whose career began with the popular Southwestern; band Moving Sidewalks, who also opened for Jimi Hendrix a number of times. ZZ Top The Red Hot Chili Peppers Aerosmith Nirvana The Doors The Rolling Stones Led Zeppelin