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Parallels Between Montessori & Emergent Curriculum in Relati
Transcript of Parallels Between Montessori & Emergent Curriculum in Relati
SIMILARITIES & DIFFERENCES
View children as competent learners
Teacher facilitates the learning
Child-led and directed activities
Attitude of respect for children
Teachers learn through interactions with children
Emphasis on a prepared, attractive environment with child sized furniture
Focus on quality of manipulative material
Divided learning areas with arranged materials on open shelves
Partnerships with families
Constructivist model, where students learn concepts from working with materials
Structured vs. unstructured activities
Dramatic play has emphasis on reality vs. fantasy
Specific area of Culture to demonstrate Drama, Creative Art, History, Sciences, and Geography vs. open-ended setup
Sequenced series of activities vs. same materials for all developmental stages
Mixed age group vs. segregation of age groups
Prepared environment vs. open environment
Specialized Material vs. Flexible materials
Control of Error vs. teacher-guided control of error
Parallels Between Montessori & Emergent Curriculum in Relation to ELECT Principles
Early Child development sets the foundation for lifelong learning, behavior and health.
Partnerships with families and communities strengthen the ability of early childhood settings to meet the needs of young children.
3. Respect for Diversity. Equity and inclusion are pre-requisites for honoring children’s rights, optimal development and learning.
4. A planned curriculum supports early learning
5. Play is a means to early learning that capitalizes on children’s natural curiosity and exuberance.
6. Knowledgeable, responsive early childhood professionals are essential.
AN IMAGE OF MONTESSORI CURRICULUM
Main aim is for the child to gain life skills to become independent, build concentration, and develop motor skills.
Sensorial materials offer systematic
refinement of the senses.
Language is taught through materials that develop the skills required for oral & written language, reading, and self-expression.
Mathematics materials offers a systematic approach to learning about the concept of numbers from concrete to the abstract.
Culture encompasses everything ranging from Science, History, Geography, and Art.
AN IMAGE OF EMERGENT CURRICULUM
Observations of Play
Listening to conversations to inform our thinking and decision making
Documentation & Reflection
Documenting observations and finding a common pattern.
Making meaning out of what we've seen and heard
What are the big play ideas, repetitive play topics, intriguing ideas, long-lasting interests?
Are we beginning to understand the meaning and purpose of the children's play?
Do we need to provide a provocation to find out more?
Planning next steps
How can the child's ideas be used throughout the day?
What do the teachers consider important to include?
How can the environment be changed or enriched to support the children's ideas, understanding, and investigations?
Letting go and watching
Watch what happens. Join the children in play and engage in conversations with them. Take notes and reflect.
What delights you? Surprises you? Puzzles you?
What can you do in response?
What do you wonder and how can you find out?
Both Emergent Curriculum and the Montessori philosophy subscribe to ELECT principles. The main difference between the two is the approach. Both methods are geared towards developing all of the domains mentioned in the ELECT Document:
Social, Emotional, Cognition, Communication: Language and Literacy, & Physical