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Copy of US Mobilization for War, Home Front, Propaganda

Emma Hirsch, Meggie Wolfe, Corinne Casey, Liz Torpey
by

Emma H

on 7 January 2013

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Transcript of Copy of US Mobilization for War, Home Front, Propaganda

The Home Front From Civilian to War Economy 1940: Selective Service Agency *Congress established 5% tax on
working Americans

*Americans bought war bonds

*WPA price and wage controls

*Increased production of war goods

*Rationing

*Drafts *Originally est. during WWI

*1940--Selective Training and Service Act passed
-Mandatory to enlist in military during peacetime 1941: Office of Price Administration Mobilization for War Home Front Propaganda and Censorship *controlled wages and prices

*Leon HENDERSON

*rationing foods in scarce supplies 1942: Office of War Information *propaganda to generate support for the war, even from Hollywood

*downplayed social problems to help America rally together

*Subdivisions: Division of Public Inquiries and Division of Press Intelligence

*Psychological Warfare-- Assam PSYWAR

*not always efficient or well-trusted 1942:War Production Board *est. in response to Pearl Harbor

*was to mobilize US economics by setting material and production priorities

*Donald M. NELSON--ineffective leader

*replaced by Civilian Production Administration 1943: Office of War Mobilization *organized the messy process of transforming civilian to war economy

*gov rewards for businesses that invested in defense productions

*James F. BYRNES Financing the War *War Bonds and "cost-plus" system

*Congress uses more deficit spending

*5% tax on all working Americans

*Lend-Lease Program lent out money to other democratic nations

*"90-division gamble" limits men allowed in military and number of divisions of production

*War Production Board *Manhattan Project kept secret

*"Chamber of Horrors" photographs locked up

*Holocaust and other gruesome pictures hidden from American publc

*some propaganda encouraged secrecy of the Allies' plans

*propaganda necessary because of general isolationist sentiment

*after Pearl Harbor: propaganda focuses on conservation and production

*propaganda often included rascist depictions of Germans and Japanese Bibliography "AllGov - Departments." AllGov - Departments. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Jan. 2013.
"The Arsenal of Democracy: Financing the War." World War II. N.p., n.d. Web.
05 Jan. 2013.
Blackwell, Amy Hackney. "War Production Board: World War II." World at
War: Understanding Conflict and Society. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 5 Jan. 2013
"Censorship." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 6 Jan. 2013.
Hall, Michael R. "War Bond Drives: World War II." World at War:
Understanding Conflict and Society. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 5 Jan. 2013.
"Infobase Learning - Login." Infobase Learning - Login. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Jan. 2013
Lapsansky-Werner, Emma J. United States History: Modern America. Boston, MA:
Pearson Learning Solutions, 2011. Print.
Lubelfeld, Michael. "Propaganda in World War II." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d.
Web. 06 Jan. 2013.
Manning, Martin. "Office of War Information: World War II." World at War:
Understanding Conflict and Society.
ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 5 Jan. 2013.
Neiberg, Michael. "U.S. Home Front: World War II." World at War: Understanding
Conflict and Society. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 5 Jan. 2013.
PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 02 Jan. 2013.
"Rationed Items." Rationed Items. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Jan. 2013.
Roeder, George H. "The War in Pictures.(Editorial Desk)." New York Times 31 May
1993. Global Issues In Context. Web. 4 Jan. 2013.
Sandler, Stanley. "Psychological Warfare: World War II." World at War: Understanding
Conflict and Society. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 5 Jan. 2013. *Could similar propaganda techniques be effective today?
*Could this video have influenced your views had you viewed this as a child?
*Why do all governments at one time or another resort to propaganda?
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