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Copy of US Mobilization for War, Home Front, Propaganda
Transcript of Copy of US Mobilization for War, Home Front, Propaganda
*Americans bought war bonds
*WPA price and wage controls
*Increased production of war goods
*Drafts *Originally est. during WWI
*1940--Selective Training and Service Act passed
-Mandatory to enlist in military during peacetime 1941: Office of Price Administration Mobilization for War Home Front Propaganda and Censorship *controlled wages and prices
*rationing foods in scarce supplies 1942: Office of War Information *propaganda to generate support for the war, even from Hollywood
*downplayed social problems to help America rally together
*Subdivisions: Division of Public Inquiries and Division of Press Intelligence
*Psychological Warfare-- Assam PSYWAR
*not always efficient or well-trusted 1942:War Production Board *est. in response to Pearl Harbor
*was to mobilize US economics by setting material and production priorities
*Donald M. NELSON--ineffective leader
*replaced by Civilian Production Administration 1943: Office of War Mobilization *organized the messy process of transforming civilian to war economy
*gov rewards for businesses that invested in defense productions
*James F. BYRNES Financing the War *War Bonds and "cost-plus" system
*Congress uses more deficit spending
*5% tax on all working Americans
*Lend-Lease Program lent out money to other democratic nations
*"90-division gamble" limits men allowed in military and number of divisions of production
*War Production Board *Manhattan Project kept secret
*"Chamber of Horrors" photographs locked up
*Holocaust and other gruesome pictures hidden from American publc
*some propaganda encouraged secrecy of the Allies' plans
*propaganda necessary because of general isolationist sentiment
*after Pearl Harbor: propaganda focuses on conservation and production
*propaganda often included rascist depictions of Germans and Japanese Bibliography "AllGov - Departments." AllGov - Departments. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Jan. 2013.
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Blackwell, Amy Hackney. "War Production Board: World War II." World at
War: Understanding Conflict and Society. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 5 Jan. 2013
"Censorship." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 6 Jan. 2013.
Hall, Michael R. "War Bond Drives: World War II." World at War:
Understanding Conflict and Society. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 5 Jan. 2013.
"Infobase Learning - Login." Infobase Learning - Login. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Jan. 2013
Lapsansky-Werner, Emma J. United States History: Modern America. Boston, MA:
Pearson Learning Solutions, 2011. Print.
Lubelfeld, Michael. "Propaganda in World War II." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d.
Web. 06 Jan. 2013.
Manning, Martin. "Office of War Information: World War II." World at War:
Understanding Conflict and Society.
ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 5 Jan. 2013.
Neiberg, Michael. "U.S. Home Front: World War II." World at War: Understanding
Conflict and Society. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 5 Jan. 2013.
PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 02 Jan. 2013.
"Rationed Items." Rationed Items. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Jan. 2013.
Roeder, George H. "The War in Pictures.(Editorial Desk)." New York Times 31 May
1993. Global Issues In Context. Web. 4 Jan. 2013.
Sandler, Stanley. "Psychological Warfare: World War II." World at War: Understanding
Conflict and Society. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 5 Jan. 2013. *Could similar propaganda techniques be effective today?
*Could this video have influenced your views had you viewed this as a child?
*Why do all governments at one time or another resort to propaganda?