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Early Christain Ireland
Transcript of Early Christain Ireland
Patrick escaped and returned to Britain. Some time later he became a priest. He returned to Ireland around AD432 to spread Christianity here. By the time St. Patrick died, about thirty years later, Ireland was largely Christian
What kind of society do you think Patrick found when he first arrived in Ireland?
Do you think that that this influenced Patrick to return to Ireland after he became a priest to spread Christianity here? Monasteries From the sixth century onwards, many monasteries were set up throughout Ireland.
Holy men or monks spent long hours every day praying, working and studying to please God. The ate little and wore uncomfortable robes called 'Habit'. They did not marry and they shaved the top of their head in what was called aa 'tonsure'
Large monasteries were built aloong important route ways such as Clonmacnoise on the River Shannon
Also many small monasteries were built in remote places such as Skellig Michael located on a tiny island off the west coast of Kerry Larger Monasteries As Christianity spread, some large monasteries grew larger and became 'self sufficient'. Many monks (when they were not praying or studying) worked on the monastery farm. This was important because it provided food, clothing and raw material for manuscripts
Some monks worked in trades such as carpentry or masonry (stone building, marking)
Other monks wrote manuscripts, carved tall stone crosses or made beautiful chalices or other metal objects Some services provided by monasteries Monasteries were the centres of prayer and religion
Some monks were skilled in the use of herbs as medicines
They provided 'health care' for the sick
They gave 'alms' (food and other help) to the poor
Offered shelter and hospitality to travellers at a time when there were no hotels
Some monks were they few that could read or write. They often provided 'education' for boys and young men in Religion, Latin, and Greek Irish Monastic Art Early Irish monasteries were famous for great works of art, which monks produced to honour God. Irish monks were famous for the production of manuscripts, stone crosses and metalwork
Each large monastery had a 'scriptorium' where scribes copied beautiful manuscripts. They used 'quills' (goose feathers) to write on 'vellum (calfskin) or on parchment (sheepskin)
Skilled artists 'illuminated' manuscripts with beautiful coloured pictures and designs
Bright coloured inks made for crushed berries, metals and beetles Clonmacnoise Skellig Michael What happened to Saint Patrick when he was sixteen years old?
How did Saint Patrick set about converting the Irish to Christianity? 'The Cathach' Ireland's oldest manuscript The Book of Kells The Book of Durrow Some monks carved high stone crosses. The first crosses were simple in design. Later crosses, however, such as the 'Cross of Muiredeach' were complicated Images of the saints and scenes form the Bible were carved on crosses and were use to explain religion to people who could not read
A stone circle joined the arms of the cross with the trunk of the cross. This helped to support the arm of the cross and so prevented the cross from breaking
The top of the cross was made to look like a small church The Ardagh Chalice Metalwork Monks made beautiful objects of silver, gold and the other metals
They made chalices and 'crosiers' (bishops staffs) and Book shrines
Reliquaries were boxes or shrines used to hold relics or items that belonged to saints
Chalices were mainly made from silver and decorated with bronze and glass studs. The art of twisting and weaving gold wire is known as ' filigree' Glendalough Co .Wicklow