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Getting Started with Web GIS
Transcript of Getting Started with Web GIS
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416-446-1639 "I was impressed with the amount of user friendly information, data and lesson plans on the ESRI Canada web site. The [Teacher Candidates] found them extremely valuable and informative".
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Web Lessons engages students through inquiry-based learning What is GIS? GIS is... “The application of GIS is limited only by the imagination of those who use it.” Quote: Click the Globe
to Start We're glad you're here! We have created this presentation just for you, to introduce the wonderful world of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to teachers and educators from across Canada.
We hope that by the end of this brief presentation, you will have a better understanding of what GIS is all about, why you as an educator should care, and how you can quickly and easily start using GIS in the classroom today.
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We hope you enjoy our presentation; we had fun making it! Welcome! Education and Research
416-441-6633 ... a combined system of: ... analysis that reveals geographic relationships, patterns and trends. Geographic
System(s) GIS is... hardware software data users GIS is... ... a tool to capture, manage, display and analyze
all kinds of geographic information. capture manage display analyze GIS is... Want more info? Check out this website for more on 'What is GIS?' Jack Dangermond
President, Esri Watch this short video for examples of how GIS is used to solve issues around the world. Click Here to Learn More Countless
Curriculum Connections GIS is applicable
in many subjects... GIS is for students,
big and small.... Mathematics: Math is central to GIS analysis. One of the classic uses to teach math with GIS is the
study of distance-time relationships. Another application using area and perimeter allows students to
calculate the area affected by an invasive species, measure the area of their school’s property and
boundaries, or calculate the area of a national historic site. For an advanced application, bathymetric
data can be used to calculate mathematically the rise in water level and changing volume of a storm
water pond or river. Environmental Science: Maps are fundamental in teaching about the physical landscape and
ecology of Canada. By using digital online maps, students can go beyond looking at a map and interact
with the various layers of information that comprise a map. As an example, students can use maps and
spatial data to understand the relationships that exist in an ecoregion and determine how wildlife,
population, temperature and landscape affect each other. Earth Science: When teaching about plate tectonics, Web maps with current information can be used
to show the correlation between plates, fault lines, earthquakes and volcanoes. Through interaction and
analysis, students can understand these interrelationships and how they affect the human world. Civics: Canada’s government and electoral system can be examined by visualizing ridings in relation to
their population and demographic characteristics. For example, students can assess how the spatial
extent of riding boundaries can affect the outcome of an election. After an election, online maps can be
used to examine the changing political landscape by analyzing the most recent results against past
election results. History: There is a locational aspect to all historical events. Examples include visualizing Canadian
settlement and development before and after confederation, mapping the advancement of British troops
during the War of 1812 or visualizing the building of the Canadian National Railway. A spatial journal or
story can be made for any of Canada’s or the world’s historical events.
Business: While introducing students to the world of business, maps can be leveraged visually to teach
the current state of the world’s economy. For example, statistics on imports, exports and GDP can be
mapped by country. To teach the role of marketing in business, students can look at regional or
provincial maps to understand the different demographics that determine market potential and learn
about target marketing. Students can also use GIS to choose the best site for a business in their
community based on the target market area, existing land use, traffic patterns, competition and other
variables. Geography and Social Studies: Students can examine the distribution of languages, cultural norms and
demographics from the scale of an individual community to the global stage. Students can be
encouraged to develop their own sense of place by creating their own community maps using Web GIS.
When students create their own maps using basemaps and imagery as reference, they create the
connection between what something looks like in real life and how it is represented on a map. This is
one of the fundamental goals of spatial literacy. While the application of Web GIS is clearly relevant to the curriculum for grades 9–12, it is also applicable to curriculum content for students as young as grades 2-4. 2 - 4 7 - 9 11 - 12 From local to global issues, GIS helps students think in a different perspective. GIS is useful
numerous topics... A Better Way
of Learning Geographic thinking plays a primary role in GIS analysis as students can define answers based on the
questions they ask. This inquiry-based learning transforms the students’ experience from passively
learning through definition and memorization to an approach to learning based on creating, applying,
analyzing and evaluating geographic data. With Web GIS, teachers can engage their students through
interactive learning to foster geographic inquiry, spatial literacy, numeracy and higher order thinking
skills. Career Applicable Easy and Quickly
Accessible to Everyone designed to be simple and easy to use
does not require extensive education or training
hosted online, so teachers and students do not need to purchase new software or manage data on their school’s server
Web GIS is portable. It allows students to spend more time on projects, as they can access the Internet from computers in school, at home or on Web-enabled mobile devices
all that is needed is an Internet connection. Create Evaluate Analyze Apply Understand Remember Bloom's Taxonomy GIS Geographic analysis students engage in with GIS comprises the same methods used around the world to address social, economic, political, environmental and scientific issues Field Work “If school is where we prepare our children for the ‘real world,’ it is critical that children develop fundamental geographic understanding about the world.”
-Canadian Council for Geographic Education Data Analysis A GIS education provides actual training for many careers and
vocational trades Map Design Police use GIS to map incidents of crime, allowing them to better prepare and patrol more effectively. Take a look Telephone providers use GIS to analyze their network coverage to determine where they need new towers and antennas. Or ...