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Geographies of Global Change

L2 ENVG111 S2 2013

Kelly Dombroski

on 5 January 2015

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Transcript of Geographies of Global Change

Why care?
ENVG111: Geographies of Global Change
Lecture 2: Geographies of Global Change
Geography in a globalised world
Thinking about change
Future Global Changes
Human Geography is about the relationships between society and space.
Society is spatially constructed and space is socially constructed.
Key Concepts
Human geographers look at the massive and the mundane!
Big words of the day
Globalisation is...
The whole world becoming more and more developed, up to the standards set by western industrialised nations?
Evil companies taking over the world, breaking down cultures and destroying local economies?

A discursive and material force that is historically produced, differently so in different social worlds.

Different social worlds are globally made in and of specific places.
History and Change
Geographies of Global Change
18th and 19th Century Imperialism and Capitalism
Industrialisation and the making of the 20th Century
Demographic Transitions
Social Determinants of Health
A Health Promoting Environment
Health Challenges and Priorities
Health and Our Future: From Local to Global
Inequality and Poverty
Population and Health
Settlement, Culture and Society
Changing Rural Worlds
Culture and Change
Economic Geographies
Global Connection and Division I
Global Connection and Division II
Geographies of Consumption
Territory, Nations and Geopolitics
Imagining the Nation State
Borders and Boundaries
Geopolitics of the Cold War
War on Terror
Mapping Microgeographies of Power
Sense of Place
Health responses to natural disasters
Social Enterprises and Development
Transnational Challenges
Guest Lecture: Asylum Seekers and Detention Centres in Australia
Consumption Connections
Critical Reading
Research Skills
Map Skills
Writing and Editing
Exam Skills
Production, Exchange and Consumption
ENVG111 Geographies of Global Change
Dr Kelly Dombroski
Dept. Environment and Geography
Liu 2009: viii
“most theories of globalisation… package all cultural developments into a single program: the emergence of a global era” (Tsing 2005: 3).


Cross-cultural and long-distance encounters are part of “everything we know as culture”, and these cultures are “continually co-produced” in awkward, unstable, unequal and creative interconnections across difference (Tsing 2005: 5).
Pic: Kelly Dombroski 2004
Seeing what we always see....
Worried parents waiting to get their bottle-fed babies checked following the melamine contamination scandal of 2008.
Pic: BBC
Infant Feeding in Northwest China
Breastfeeding difficulties
Initiating Breastfeeding
Introducing solids
Traditional Chinese Medicine
Pic: China daily
Main Point: Although it looks like global homogenisation or Westernisation the increased use of infant formula in Northwest China is OVERDETERMINED.
Traditional Chinese Medicine
Economic factors
Availability factors
Photo courtesy of www.shunyagroup.com
Photo mosaic of 200,000 sleeping babies as part of P&G’s Golden Sleep Campaign
Nappy Marketing
Nappy Use in Northwest China
Split Crotch Pants/ ba niao
Evil companies taking over the world?
Good marketing strategy bringing benefits of their product to the world?
But: even nappy-using families in China use only one nappy per day
"Just sticking them in disposable nappies, that kind of sealing up I think is not good, too airtight!"
According to mums in Xining:
Babies bottoms have delicate skin
The area needs to be kept clean and dry
The area needs to have airflow
Nappies are bad for skin even if they are clean
According to Qinghai Mums:
Reduced airflow and damp heat coagulates the blood
This contributes to other skin conditions
Contributes to colic and phelgm
If she got her clothes wet, then you just changed them. After all, she was just a child. It was natural for her to wet her clothes. Just wash the clothes, and change her into some new ones…[it] was not troublesome, no trouble at all.
This is just what you have to do. No trouble.
According to Xining mothers:
Keeping babies' bottoms dry and clean is important for overall health.
Compared to baniao and split-crotch pants, nappies are actually considered inconvenient and unhygienic by many.
In this case it seems that homogenisation is not taking place -- despite billions of yuan spent in marketing.
Nappy use in Australia and NZ
Outback Pee....
Pic: Amy Mann
Perhaps people are starting to see the madness of our disposable nappy driven, 4-year-olds-in-nappies society and we’re the beginning of a move back towards early [toileting] as the norm.
Hybrid Research Collectives for new ways of being in the world?
EC is an example of a practice moving from so-called 3rd world to the developed world. What other kinds of practices are we missing by assuming change is going in only one direction?
Global change is:
Historically, overdetermined and contingent
Place-based at many cross-cutting scales (local, regional, global, also cultural, economic etc)
Because change is overdetermined and contingent, it is 'open' - the future is not yet determined
Future global change will be made in and of specific places
Place Matters. And the future can be different.
The increasing interconnectedness of different parts of the world through common processes of economic, environmental, political, and cultural change (Knox and Marston 2012: 418)
Is globalisation a good thing or a bad thing?
Both these views equally extreme!
To investigate global changes, we must be aware of specific places.
To investigate specific places, we must be able to frame our studies of them within the compass of the entire globe (Knox and Marston, 2012:31).
Two reasons:
1. World consists of complex mosaic of places and regions that are interrelated and interdependent.
2. Place-making forces (economic, cultural, political) operate at global and international scales.
NEXT WEEK: How has the changing global context affected places all over the world?
Reading: Knox and Marston Chapter 1.
see page 31 for summary
Learning Outcomes
Understand the importance of place in global change
Understand the importance of global processes in place
Understand why place matters in terms of future possibilities
Have an understanding of social change that can underpin the remainder of this unit
Good to remember:
Textbook has different learning outcomes from this unit. Filter what you read through what I emphasise in lectures!
Activity 1: Finish this sentence
Activity 2: Discuss -
Perspective 1:
Perspective 2:
Grandparent carers
Full transcript