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Copy of Parts of Speech 2015-2016
Transcript of Copy of Parts of Speech 2015-2016
A Grammar Review
A noun is:
a person (ex. teacher)
a place (ex. the beach)
a thing (ex. the fan)
an idea (ex. dream)
An adjective DESCRIBES a noun.
The beautiful woman only wanted a couple pairs of shoes.
The rainy day made us even sadder.
Find the ADJECTIVE and the NOUN it describes:
1. Robert had four books on his shelf.
2. The scary ghost was not smiling.
3. The colorful butterfly was Evan's.
4. Madam Louise looked into the clear ball.
VERB: It's what you DO!
A verb is a word that expresses an ACTION or STATE of BEING (linking verbs).
Ex. Bobby turned the page.
Ex. I am a teacher
Ex. Rex passed his test.
VERB: passed (action)
Ex. Ron Swanson is the manager of the office.
VERB: is (linking)
So what's an ADVERB?
An ADVERB tells you more about a verb.
It tells you WHERE, WHEN, or HOW much something happens or is done.
Ex. Our friends arrived yesterday. (When?)
Ex. These holidays will soon be over. (When?)
Ex. The cat walked lazily. (How?)
Ex. It was strangely quiet in the old village. (How?)
Ex. The subway is underground. (Where?)
Many adverbs are created by adding an -ly to the end of an adjective!
1. The little girl walked happily through the park
ADVERB: Describes a VERB
2. The orphan hungrily ate the stew.
The words "the","a", and "an" are articles.
They appear before nouns to indicate the quality of definiteness or indefiniteness.
"the" is a definite article
"a" and "an" are indefinite articles
There are only 3 articles: the - a - an
bicycle was not only blue but shiny
yellow moon always appears in October.
excellent student passes all of his or her exams.
Conjunction: What's your function?
words that JOIN words, phrases, or sentences
Manuel and Marisol loved to cook.
You will go to school, or you will fail.
I am happy because I just received my check.
It has been cloudy since the morning.
Use the Appropriate Conjunction!!!
Conjunctions help you write clear sentences by connecting words or groups of words in a sentence:
Coordinating conjunctions: For, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
Subordinating conjunctions: As, because, if, since, until, while...
Conjunctive adverbs: Accordingly, however, instead...
Mary traveled to Florida, but she could not visit Disney World.
Mary traveled to Florida because she had an important business meeting.
Mary traveled to Florida to meet some business people; however, she had to return to Puerto Rico before the meeting.
Takes the place of a noun
Ex. Joe was studying for the mid-term exam when he realized that it was three o'clock in the morning.
Be careful when you are using pronouns! If you use too many the reader may become confused.
Some common prepositions are:
for on to up
at under above toward in with between behind
from upon into off
A preposition is a word which shows relationships among other words in the sentence.
The relationships include direction, place, time, cause, manner and amount.
Ex. The cat was on the table.
Ex. The dog was under the table
Ex. My plane leaves at 3pm.
Expressive words that usually have no grammatical connection to the rest of the sentence.
Interjections express an emotion.
, you knocked that ball out of the park!
, you really need to take care of yourself.
, what did you say?
, now I understand.
Your Turn! Use your notes to identify EVERY word in the following sentence:
The beautiful queen was walking slowly on the cool lawn, and she was reading a long book about knights and kings which she enjoyed.
The beautiful queen was walking slowly on the
cool lawn, and she was reading a long book about
knights and kings which she enjoyed.
Ok, now that you have the parts of speech down, lets look at the parts of a sentence.
The subject of a sentence is the person or thing that performs the action.
What is a sentence?
A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought.
Every complete sentence has two basic parts: a subject and a predicate.
Simple Subject: the main word or words in the complete subject
words that describe the subject are not part of the simple subject
if a proper name is used as the subject, all the parts of the name make-up the simple subject
Example: Athletes all over the world enjoy extreme sports.
Dr. Evans, at the sports clinic, treats many sports injuries.
Complete Subject: all the words that tell whom or what the sentence is about.
Example: The coach of the team swims backstroke.
Predicate - tells what the subject does, has, feels, or is.
Simple Predicate: or verb, is the main word or words that describes what the subject is doing.
Example: Many unusual plants grow in the rain forest.
Exotic animals can be found there.
Complete Predicate: includes the verb and all the words that tell what the subject is or what the subject does.
Complete Sentence: A complete sentence has a subject and a predicate.
A run-on sentence is two or more sentences written as if they were a single sentence. Correct a run-on sentence by separating sentences, by adding a comma and a conjunction or by adding a semicolon.
Ex. It began to rain hard we stayed until the end of the game
Correct: It began to rain hard. We stayed until the end of the game.
It began to rain hard, but we stayed until the end of the game.
Sentence Fragments: A sentence fragment is not a complete sentence. It may begin with a capital letter and end with an end punctuation mark, but it DOES NOT EXPRESS A COMPLETE THOUGH. A FRAGMENT MAY BE MISSING A SUBJECT, A PREDICATE, OR BOTH!
Ex. Folk singers in the 1960's.
Example: Energy is needed for work.
Randy will swim in the meet next week.
Complete Sentences, Sentence Fragments, and Run-ons
verb noun adjective adverbs pronoun prepositions conjunctions interjection
1. A _________________ is a naming word that gives a title to a person, place, thing or idea.
2.An _________________ is a word(or group of words), used to grab attention, create interest, or highlight the speaker’s strong emotions.
3. A _____________ is a type of word that expresses action, existence or condition.
4. An _______________ is a type of word that modifies noun or verbs.
5.__________________ connect words, phrases, and clauses in a sentence.
6. _________________ are words that modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs.
7. A _____________ is a word that takes the place of a noun within a sentence.
8.__________________ are words that show the relationships between two words or phrases in a sentence.
Complete the pre-assessment questions numbered 1 - 8 on the front page of your packet.