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Theatre History Part One
Transcript of Theatre History Part One
Essential Questions: Dionysus
Deux Ex Machina
Menander How did the Drama Begin?
What Characterized the drama
of the Ancient Greeks?
How did Drama change during
the Middle Ages and Renissance?
Who were the great Elizabethian Playwrights?
How has the American Drama Developed? How Did Drama Begin? Ancient Hunters pantomine their adventures
Relations of battle
Portrayal of Gods and Animals at all far away... As Civilization develops... Drama Takes Definite forms
Ritual Worship of Gods (Egypt/Osiris)
Elaborate Pageantry for rulers
And finally, Dramatic Presentation! This takes us to..? What characterized
the drama of
ancient Greece? 6th Century B.C
Tragos- Goat Song
Evolved into dramatic contests, first of which is won by Thespis
Actors are called Thespians Contests became a 5-6 day festival.
The Last three days, 4 new plays (per day) were presented
3 Tragedies and a satyr
The winner wore a laurel wreath They worked with some very clever equipment! Skene: A small hut used
as a changing room At first, theaters were held in the open
on hill sides. Deus Ex Machina The Greek Chorus Machina
1) Refers to the crane-like hoist that permitted actors to appear as if they were flying,
Deus Ex Machina
2) To indicate an artificial plot device the author induces late in the play to resolve all difficulties Served to provide explanations, and to bring the audience up-to-date, to provide commentary, and to engage in dialouge with the actors. Now we
explore: Roman Drama! Medieval Drama! The Renaissance! Tragedy
Playwrights Well, A long long time ago, in a universe not Greek Tragedies are considered classics of western literature.
Involved conflicts that center around the clash between Fate (The Gods) and Free will (Human Desire) Aeschylus
Wrote in the 4th and 5th centuries B.C. Aeschylus: Noted for elevated, Majestic Language
Reduced Chorus, Added Actors
Wrote between 70-90 plays and only 7 survive
Wrote the only surviving Greek Trilogy,
Triology: Series of three plays related by theme, myth, or character The Father Of Tragedy Sophocles CC Euripides More interested in people than religious views of the day
Emphsized Human Relationships
Master of Pathos- human sorrow and compassion
Wrote 92 plays- 17 tragedies and 1 satyr survive
Best known for "Medea" and "The Trojan Woman" Let's lighten up
with some Comedy! Aristophanes Represents old Comedy-noted for wild comic fantasy
Skilled Satirist- an author who mocks human vices and follies by using wit and Humor.
Nothing was sacred
Would mock the leaders of Athens or the Gods Themselves
Best Known for:
Lysistrata Menander Wrote about 100 years after Aristophanes
New Comedy- Gentle treatment of everyday life
Wrote over 100 comedies but only one survies in its entirety- Dyskolos