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Copy of Literature Lesson

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Josie Pickens

on 6 February 2016

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Transcript of Copy of Literature Lesson

Consider your purpose and stance as a communicator.
Sometimes college assignments seem to come out of the blue, with no specific purpose, audience, or topic.
Because comprehending the assignment fully and accurately is crucial to your success in responding to it, make every effort to understand what your instructor expects:
What is the primary purpose of the piece- to explain? to persuade? to entertain?
What purpose did the person who gave you the assignment want to achieve- to make sure you have understood something? to evaluate your thinking and writing abilities?
What are your own purposes in writing the piece- to respond to a question? to learn about a topic? to communicate your ideas?
What exactly does the assignment ask you to do? Look for such words as
analyze, classify, compare, define, describe, explain, prove, survey.
Stances for Academic Assignments
Thinking about your own position as a communicator and your attitude towards your text- your rhetorical stance- is just as important as making sure you communicate effectively:
Where are you coming from on this topic? What is your overall attitude toward your topic? How strong are your opinions and what supports them?
What social, political, religious and personal influences account for your attitude towards a topic?
What is most interesting to you about the topic? Why do you care?
How will you establish your credibility? How will you show you're knowledgeable and trustworthy?
How will you convey your stance? Should you use words alone, combine words and images. include sound?
Planning and considering your topic
Many times your instructor may provide you with your own topic, but the choice is sometimes yours.
Experienced writers say that the best way to choose a topic is literally to let it choose you.
Look to topics that compel, puzzle, confuse, or pose a problem for you: these are likely to engage your interest and hence produce your best writing.
Ask:
What interesting topic will meet the requirements for your assignment and context?
What do you know about the topic? What do you need to find out?
What message do you wish to convey?
Analyze the situation ans respond appropriately.
Rhetorical Situations
Write to Connect
To communicate effectively, writers must analyze their particular situation and then respond to it in appropriate ways.
All writing exists within a rich and broad context and all writers listen and respond to what others have said, even as they shape messages about particular topics and for particular purposes that help them connect to their audiences.
A
rhetorical situation
is the full set of circumstances surrounding any communication. Anytime we communicate, we must consider and make careful choices about all the elements of our situation.
Consider the rhetorical triangle- there are three important elements that are closely connected in your writing.
Those elements are: your
text
(including your topic and the message you wish to deliver), your role as
the communicator
(includes your purpose, your stance, your tone, your credibility as a writer), and your
audience
(who are you attempting to deliver your message to?).
Until you understand clearly what such situations demand of you, allow extra time to analyze the overall context, the topic and message, the purpose and stance, the audience, and other elements carefully.
Analyze your audience
One of the characteristics of an effective communicator is the ability to write for a variety of audiences, using language, style, and evidence appropriate to particular readers, listeners or viewers.
Concerning your audience, ask yourself:
Who are they? How are they like or different than me? How will I reach this audience?
What do they already know and care about?
Questions regarding appropriate language for an audience:
Is the language of your text as clear as it needs to be for your audience? If your readers can't understand what you mean, they're not going to likely accept your points.
For academic writing, should you use any specialized varieties of English along with standard academic English? Any occupational, professional, regional or ethnic varieties?
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