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Sarah Morinon 8 December 2012
Transcript of Peruvian Quinceanera
-The Coastal Region: Despite the fact that it is mainly a desert region, humans have lived for over 10,000 years in the larger coastal valleys, fishing, hunting, and gathering along the rich shoreline, as well as domesticating crops and inventing irrigation systems.
-The Andean Highlands: Although rich in mineral resources, such as copper, lead, silver, iron, and zinc, the Andes are endowed with limited usable land. Nevertheless, this mountain area constitutes more than half the nation's productive land.
-The Amazonian Tropics or The Selva: In this region of Peru, fishing is the main means of earning a living. The streams and rivers are a network of pathways used by boats and canoes that provide the basic transport through the forest. Both the native people and the natural system are being threatened by the increasing population, extractive industries, the conversion of forest into farm and pasture, and deforestation. Peru's tropics are also a source for traditional medicinal plants, such as the four types of domesticated coca which are now being used for cola flavouring and cocaine.
-The Maritime Region: Vast shoals of anchovy, tuna, and several varieties of other valued fish are carried in this stream, making it one of the world's richest commercial fisheries. Exports of fish meal and fish products are of critical importance for Peru's economy. Location -Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador
-The climate varies from tropical in the east to dry desert in the west and from temperate to frigid in the Andes
-The terrain includes the western coastal plain, the high and rugged Andes in the center, and the eastern lowland jungle of the Amazon Basin
-77% of the total population of Peru lives in urban areas Communication Official Language: Spanish Words and Symbols Words:
Farewell: Despedida Social Institutions Standards of Living Rites of Passage Type of culture Income -Peru includes a wide range of jobs. Jobs in Peru includes teaching jobs, IT jobs, finance jobs, nurse jobs, sales jobs, government jobs, company jobs, tourism jobs, etc. The more traditional means of earning a living are farming, fishing, market jobs, merchant jobs, mining, illegal drug(cocaine)-trade jobs, and factory jobs.
-In 2005, the average monthly household income was around CAD$590. Life and Death -The life expectancy in Peru as of 2010 was 73.8 years.
-The mortality rate is 5.95 deaths/1,000 people. Type of family -If there is a generalization to be made, it is that families in Peru, show a high degree of unity, purpose, and integrity through generations, as well as in the nuclear unit.
-The average size for families for the nation as a whole is 5.1 persons per household.
-Families in Peru are mainly patriarchal, but more and more women are taking on the role of head of the household.
-Unlike most urban Peruvians (over two-thirds of the country), the rural populations still maintain strong ties to their extended kin.
-Men in general have the highest authority within the house, although women also have much of the decision-making power, especially concerning children and family matters, even though it tends not to be explicitly recognized. Gender Roles and Norms -Men and women have traditionally occupied different labor roles. Since Incan times, women customarily (but not exclusively) were in charge of weaving and minor agricultural obligations while men took care of road construction, farming, and military obligations. There are also areas, however, where this division is being blurred as it is more and more acceptable for a woman to do a man's work.
-Men are preferentially treated in most, if not all, aspects of society.
- As women gain more training and formal education, traditional occupations such as in business, politics, and the police are becoming viable options. Marriage Info -Peru has one of the lowest marriage rates in the world with only 2.8 weddings for every thousand people.
-In 2010, civil marriages were decreasing, while rates of cohabitation were increasing.
-Many couples decide to live together (instead of getting married) because of their lack of resources for carrying out both the legal and religious ceremonies.
-Only 27% of Peruvians are married.
-These numbers are due to a variety of factors, but are mainly influenced by Peru’s relatively young population and the prolonged immigration the country has experienced.
-It is a common social practice for men to have other female lovers and children outside of their initial marriage. Heterosexual and monogamous marriages are the only ones sanctioned by the state and the Catholic Church, although men having more than one household is tolerated and even expected.
-In general, Peruvians have free choice about who they marry though arranged marriages can occur especially in the native and rural population.
-Divorce and remarriage are very much a legal possibility but the Catholic Church and the conservative society strongly frowns upon remarriage.
-The current minimum age of marriage for those living in Peru is 16. Previously, the law stood that boys may marry at 16 and girls at 14. In 2004 it was estimated that 13% of girls between the ages of 15 and 19 were married, divorced, or widowed.
-Most people are married by their mid-twenties.
-It is the suitor who asks the permission of the bride's parents for her hand according to Peruvian wedding traditions. There are several layers in the wedding cake which are attached to ribbons. As the wedding couple cuts the cake, the unmarried girls pull the strings. It is the customary belief that the woman who pulls the string with the ring is to be married next like our tradition of throwing the bouquet. Soon after they are blessed by the elderly members of their respective families. An old lady is present at the function to instruct them about the duties and responsibilities of married life. After the ceremony, traditional Quechua songs are sung accompanied with dance. Rites of Passage-Quinceañera Governance Peru is a presidential representative democratic republic with a multi-party system. Under the current constitution, the President is the head of state and government; he or she is elected for five years and can only seek re-election after standing down for at least one full term. -Peru's culture was agricultural but is becoming more and more technological.
-45% of Peru's population are native Peruvian.
-Apart from the southern part of the Andean range, in the south and central coastal areas and also in the Amazon regions, the maximum of the native Peruvian people reside.
-Among the native Peru people, most are of Amerindian origin.
-The two major native races that inhabit in Peru are the Quechua and the Aymara people. These people comprise the largest portion of the native people in Peru. The second largest group is the Mestizo people. -In Peru, the Quinceañera has become less popular among girls. Many parents still enjoy throwing their daughter a big fifteenth birthday party, but the girls themselves think of it as old-fashioned and, sometimes, too expensive for their families.
-Some Quinceañeras are simply big, fun parties nowadays but others still strictly respect traditions.
-Many girls have combined the "sweet sixteen" with the Quinceañera.
-Quinceañeras are also more elaborate than they used to be.
-The large, extravagant celebrations often symbolize a family's hard work and success. Quinceañera Thank-you
The End Education -Under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education -Education is compulsory and free in public schools for the initial, primary and secondary levels.
-It is also free in public universities for students who are unable to pay tuition and have an adequate academic performance.
-Peru has the best education system in Latin America -Superior education attendance rates were the highest in Latin America
-There is a correlation of malnutrition and low achievement at school.
-Income shows a positive correlation with education. Religion -Closely allied with the Catholic Church
Doctrine: Law of Christ, Mortal Sin, Seven Deadly Sins, etc. Traditional Dress Monteras Chullos Body Adornment Artificial Cranial Deformation In Peru, the Quinceañera girl is truly a princess, and the mistress of her fiesta. In many celebrations, the fiesta only really begins once the quince anos girl descends a flight of stairs to join her "subjects" for the evening. Her court is waiting for her as well - and a full court it is, too! Fifteen chambelanes await her descent, each one holding a flower or rose. Her damas, arrayed on the opposite side of the staircase, hold candles. As she makes her way through the court, she blows out a candle and takes a rose, until by the end she has a bouquet for her fiesta.
The quince anos princess then escorts her father, grandfather, or oldest padrino to the dance floor, where they dance a waltz to a traditional Quinceañera song. After that dance, she may dance with her boyfriend, her designated chambelane escort for the evening, or a relative. The rest of the dancing for the evening is given over to any kind of music, and all the guests are welcome to participate. The party lasts until well after midnight. Meaning a young girl's transition into womanhood (Coming Of Age) K"Come to Peru: Culture, Nature, Adventure - Travel." :: Peru Empire of Hidden Treasures :: Don´t watch the movie. Live it for real!. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Dec. 2012. <http://www.peru.travel/en/>.
Kidd, M.G.. "The Meaning of the Quinceanera Tradition | eHow.com." eHow | How to Videos, Articles & More - Discover the expert in you. | eHow.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Dec. 2012. <http://www.ehow.com/about_6674202_meaning-quinceanera-tradition.html>.