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HIV/AIDS Consequence Map

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Selena Singh

on 27 May 2013

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Transcript of HIV/AIDS Consequence Map

HIV/AIDS CONSEQUENCE MAP Scientific LOCAL gLOBAL What is AIDS? Stands for: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Causes the immune system to break down and stop working. How it can be caught: unprotected sex, pregnancy (mother infected), injection, occupational exposure, blood transfusion, organ transplant Cure no cure for HIV/AIDS and the medication is very expensive Prevention Avoid unsafe.. Vaccine WHO-UNAIDS HIV Vaccine Initiative focus on developing countries vaccine to help prevent the HIV virus build immunity to the virus so that the body detects the virus as a threat, and quickly fights it off. CHAVI - Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology CHALLENGES HIV attacks CD4+T cells - the most important part of the immune system that coordinates and directs activities of other immune cells there is no documented 100% cured HIV patient, therefore there is no guidance to the research - its all trial and error Characteristics be safe for children, adolescents, adults and pregnant women be effective regardless of ethnicity and or health status protect against ALL subtypes of HIV must be inexpensive easily transported and administered stable under field conditions provide long lasting protection with occasional booster shots Antiretroviral Therapy Standard antiretroviral therapy (ART) consists of a combo of at least three antiretroviral drugs helps to supress the HIV virus "cocktail" stops virus' growth HIV epidemic in Ontario Communities most effected increase of 67% in 8 years gay/bisexual- 57% African - Caribbean heterosexuals 18% people using injection drugs - 7% Aboriginals are over-represented in the whole AIDS community. They have a 12% new infections and 8% prevailing 26,627 people in 2008 How is AIDS monitored in Ontario With the assistance of Dr. Robert Remiss, an epidemiologist who works with Ontario HIV Epidemiological Monitoring Unit Prevention Strategies Tell world leaders to step up the fight against AIDS ONE - organization that helps get word out about HIV/AIDS in developing countries Providing municipalities with information On Websites Region of Peel providing addresses for places that will aid infected people anonymous testing Peel Works Needle Exchange Program (NEP) Casey House provide donor-funded community outreach and in-home nursing programs for people living with chronic HIV/AIDS in Toronto Ontario Advisory Committee on HIV/AIDS (OACHA) provides abroad social and health policy advice to the Minister of Health (PRETTY IMPORTANT!) and Long-Term care on all aspects of HIV/AIDS Involved in: public health reform in Ontario school based HIV/AIDS education HIV & Solid organ transplantation HIV & criminalization health care access for non-insured people Countries affected by AIDS African Countries solutions New preventative measures are being taken, such as safer sex procedures in Malawi, Nigeria and Zambai problems 2011; 9 countries with 1/10 adult pop. aged 15-49 infected Sub-Saharan Africa that's most impacted; 1.8 newly infected patients Asian Countries problems solutions greater than African Problems illicit drug use sex trade 5 million living with AIDS China - 780,000 people Thailand - 480,000 Indonesia - 370,000 preventative knowledge is being provided by the government Eastern Europe and Central Asia problems 250% increase since 2001 Heroin that's being smuggled into Western countries worse in Russia, Ukraine and Baltic States Caribbean problems unprotected sex is the biggest cause of HIV/AIDS Bahamas is the worse solutions government has begin to realize the importance of HIV/AIDS education Cuba has started comprehensive testing and prevention programs Free HIV treatment PANCAP alliances with pharmacies lower prices on ARV's 48% of infected are receiving help Latin America problems 67,000 died from it, 100,000 newly infected unsafe sex Brazil has a significantly large number of infected people solutions providing antiretroviral therapy encouraged local pharmaceutical manufacturers, so that the medicine is less expensive, and more readily available sOCIAL Community people that do drugs will instantly back off from who ever was supplying drugs, if they are educated concourse A family suffering with AIDS may or may not suffer loss Doctors & Pharmacies more visits to the doctor = more $$ higher risk of contracting the disease Cultural Effects People from the countries that are most infected have now had a stigma placed on them Cultures may see it as being a punishment for something that the person did in the after life, or a punishment for committing a sin Different Groups Gay Males - Stigma that they are dirty, and the cause of HIV/AIDS, hence the reason why HIV/AIDS was known as the "gay man's disease". Injection-Drug Users people may become more afraid of them, or doing injection-based drugs Coming Together / Pulling Apart HIV Victims HIV victims vs. "Normal People" talk about their experiences with HIV/AIDS provide support to each other being able to understand what they are going through being judged thought of as being "dirty" Problems with... Casual Contact being afraid of contracting HIV through casual contact like hand shaking - this is caused by Stigma's Playing Sports People are protected under HIPAA everything is kept confidential people may not want to play with you anymore because you are infected by HIV/AIDS Appearance Judgmental & Afraid to Approach due too.. Physical weight-loss, pale complexion, skin lesions Relationships different to start new relationships or keep existing ones no sex; unless with a condom on. This destroys any hope to become a mother/father Life style / Living Pills 3 times a day hard to remember work more (to cover the cost for medications) be very careful if someone gets a cut or gets blood outside of their bodies frequent visits to the doctor possibly moving far away to get away from the stress AIDS education in Ontario Kindergarten to grade 12, HIV/AIDS curriculum resource manual is available to parents, teachers and students strict rules when it comes to the curriculum Ontario's education on HIV starts in grade 8, and focuses on why abstinence is good, and the consequences of unprotected sex and the use of drugs Legal Individual Rights violation Produce Maximum/Common good Ethical Issues you must tell your sexual partner that you are infected with HIV/AIDS No longer have the ability to keep your own information confidential violation of the freedom of speech or right to remain silent Maximum Common Mandatory blood testing act, 2006 force people with HIV/AIDS to get blood tests, and to help avoid anymore cases of HIV/AIDS saving people's lives - essentially reducing the transmission rates and the amount of newly infected people forcing the community to be responsible Confidentiality consent for blood testing people don't want to tell others about how they're infected with HIV/AIDS the law forces them to disclose this information many people don't wish to get blood tests but they are forced to because it is a part of the law Technology makes it easier to hide things from people, and easier to lie to your sexual partner, or completely avoid them as well makes it easier to hide the fact that you have HIV/AIDS from your sexual partner - which is ILLEGAL Personal Economic Environmental Health Care costs 15,000 - 30,000 a year for treatment health care: $560 million research / prevention: $40 million lost economic production: $1.5 billion Personal Comment: The fact that they are actually calculating the amount of money they loose because of people not working due to dying from HIV/AIDS is disgusting. Rather than doing all these calculations, why not come up with a cure? This proves how selfish the economy really is. Desirable / Undesirable Global Country - desirable: countries see the efforts that Canada is putting in, Canada's reputation increases - undesirable: costing the government millions of dollars Region - undesirable: taxes that the citizens have to pay, in order to help the government pay for the costs Company - desirable: more $$ in their pockets Employment people who disclose their personal information (like that they have AIDS) usually get discriminated doctors/ surgeons may be fired, just to keep patients safe In America - protected under the Americans with disabilities act Cultural Divide The cost of the medications may be linked with certain cultures, which will cause discrimination and hate Impacts on Conservation groups loosing staff members to AIDS in the countries where AIDS is most prominent loss of time: staff members are taking care of people who are infected with AID in their homes cutting wood for coffins Changes in Land Use Short Term Issues Long Term Issues land grabbing: people come in and steal the land because the man of the house dies from AIDS Farming practices -when household incomes decline, people are subject to taking drastic measures using fires, more pesticides and other non- eco friendly methods of farming Life with AIDS thoughts like "if only I knew..." side effects of medication nausea diarrhea lipodystrophy changes in fat deposits (either gaining or loosing drastically, and unnaturally) being constantly judged & possibly loosing friends - ALSO the opposite - gaining support Personal Action advise peers to chose abstinence, and if they are 1000% sure about sex, advise them to use condoms advise people to be careful when it comes to blood AIDS awareness start a blog that speaks about HIV/AIDS and how to prevent yourself from getting it CrowdOutAIDS Information website specifically rendered for the usage of young people, so that young people have the information, and the control over HIV/AIDS awareness World AIDS Day On December 1st unite in the fight against HIV/AIDS First ever global health care day provides information to people about HIV/AIDS Long Term/ Short Term people become distant, and no one wishes to associate with you. the medications start off with having terrible side effects for the first 3 months. unnatural body fat deposits heart disease opportunistic infections other diseases will take advantage of the fact that the immune system is impaired, and will infect the body. Many people die of third party illnesses, rather than HIV/AIDS itself

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