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Grammar Usage Errors

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Abby Hersom

on 6 January 2015

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Transcript of Grammar Usage Errors

Grammar Usage Errors
A or An
"A" is used with consonants
and 'yew' sounds.

"An" is used with vowel sounds
and words that
begin with a silent "h".
Examples:
A hat
A euphemism
A university
An acre
An hour
Alot vs. A Lot
A and lot are two separate words.
They should never
be combined.
A While vs. Awhile
A while = article and noun
Awhile = adverb meaning
"for a time or for awhile"
Examples:
After dinner I read for a while.
Cary is resting awhile.
I decided to go to the park for a while.


Accept vs. Except
Accept (v.) = "receive" or "agree to"
Except (preposition) = "but"
(v.) = "leave out"
Examples:
We accept recommendations.
I accept your proposal.
She accepted him for who he was.
I'll take all except the last one.
I feel I must except this one from the list.
He invited everyone except Bill.
Adapt vs. Adopt
Adapt = "adjust" or "change"
Adopt = "take for one's own"
Examples:
I adopted a cat from the animal shelter.
The cat adapted well to my apartment.
The school has adopted a new bullying policy.
The teachers are adapting to it very quickly.
Advice vs. Advise
Advice (n.) = "recommendation"
Advise (v.) = "give advice"
Examples:
A guidance counselor's job is to advise.
They often offer students very good advice.
I always go to my friend for advice.
The teacher was asked to be the adviser for the club.
Affect vs. Effect
Affect (v.) = "influence"
Effect (n.) = "result"
or uncommonly
Affect (n.) = "feeling or emotion
that is usually shown through
facial expressions or body
language."
Effect (v.) = "bring about"

Focus on the first two. In most
cases Affect is a verb and
Effect is a noun.
Examples:
Strenuous exercise can affect one's appetite. (v.)
Strenuous exercise can have an effect on one's appetite (n.)
Strenuous exercise sometimes effects an appetite loss (v.)
She had a happy affect. (n.) [usually used in psychiatry]

Ain't
Ain't is not a word. It should NEVER be used.

The only acceptable time is when quoting someone else.
All Ready vs. Already
All Ready = "completely ready"
Already = "before" or "by this time"
Examples:
I am all ready to leave for the weekend.
I have already packed my suitcase.
All Right vs. Alright
All Right is ALWAYS 2 Words
All Together, Altogether
All together = "in a group"
Altogether = "completely" or "on the whole"
Examples:
We were all together at the meeting.
Sam was altogether surprised.
Allusion vs. Illusion
Allusion = "indirect reference"
Illusion = "false idea or appearance"
Examples:
The new play contained allusions to popular song lyrics.
This warm weather gives the illusion of spring.
Many texts contain allusions to classical mythology.
The magician was a master of illusions.
Anywheres and Everywheres
Do not put an "s" at the end of either of these words.

ANYWHERE
EVERYWHERE
Being as, Being That
These combinations should not be used.

Use "because" or "since."

Examples:
Because we arrived early, we didn't have to wait in line.
My aunt will cook for the party since she is a chef.
Beside vs. Besides
Beside = "next to"
Besides = "in addition to"
Examples
My dog walked beside me.
I live beside a lake.
We saw three swimmers besides Theo.

Between vs. Among
Between = relates or compares two entities
Among = shows a relationship in which more than two
entities are considered a group
Examples:
We built a fence between the garage and the parking lot.
Let's plant crocuses among the other perennials.
The cookie was split among the three siblings.
This secret was meant to be kept between Stacy and Bill.
Borrow, Lend, or Loan
Borrow and Lend are opposites.
Loan is a noun.
Examples:
Jo never borrows money.
Will you lend me a pen?
James took out a loan for his car.
Bring vs. Take
Bring = "transport from a distant place to a closer one"
Take = "transport from a nearby place to a more distant one"
Examples:
Please bring me a souvenir from Lisbon.
I will take the dogs with me on vacation.
Kyle promised to bring home take-out food tonight.
I will take a present to the bridal shower.
Can vs. May
Can = "ability"
May = "signifies permission"
or means "might"
Examples:
She can skate better than anyone else in her family.
May I borrow your pen?
You may go to the bathroom when I am done explaining the project.
Mike can dribble a basketball better than the other boys on his team.
Can't hardly, Can't Scarcely
Both of these are wrong.
Avoid using Not or n't with these words.

It is a double negative.

It should be: I can hardly wait.
Continual vs. Continuous
Continual = "occurring rapidly"
Continuous = "proceeding without interruption"

Examples:
Continual cold snaps damage the crop.
We had continuous snow all morning.
Could of, Should of, Might of,
Must of, Would of
It is not "of" it should be "have"

I should have gone swimming.
I might have gotten tickets if I had stayed
in line all night.
Different From or Different Than
Different from is correct.

This salad is different from the one I bought yesterday.
Doesn't vs. Don't
Doesn't is used with "he," "she," "it," and all singular nouns.
Don't is used with "I," "you," "we," "they," and all plural nouns
Examples:
She doesn't know my phone number.
Don't you want to come with us?
I don't like eggplant.
Emigrate vs. Immigrate
Emigrate = "to leave a country or region"
Immigrate = "to come to a country to live"
Examples:
Many people emigrate from war-torn countries.
Caitlin's cousin will immigrate to the United States.
Farther vs. Further
Farther = "physical distance"
Further = "refers to time or degree"
Examples:
She rode farther than I did.
The boy threw the baseball farther than his brother.
Further study is needed.
Fewer vs. Less
Fewer = nouns that can be counted
EXCEPT money
Less = nouns that cannot be counted
Examples:
Serena made fewer sales than Whitney, but Whitney took in less money.
Some occupations receive less praise than others.
Good vs. Well
Good = adjective
Well = an adverb

Well is used as an adjective when describing a person's appearance.
Examples:
This is a good book.
Andrew sings well.
Gretel feels well.
Had Of
Of should never be used between Had and a past participial.

If I had eaten lunch, I would not be hungry now.
Hanged vs. Hung
Hanged = "to put to death by hanging"
Hung is used in all other places
Examples:
Convicted murders were sometimes hanged.
Ethan hung his coat in the closet.
In vs. Into
In = "inside" or "within a place"
Into = movement from outside to within
Examples:
The shovel stood in the garage.
Max crawled into the tent.
The boy is in the desk.
He must have climbed into it when the teacher wasn't looking.
Irregardless vs. Regardless
ALWAYS use REGARDLESS.

Finish the job, regardless of how long it takes.

This kind vs. These kinds
This and that are singular
These and those are plural
Examples:
This kind of dog is well behaved around children.
Purchasing these kinds of products is less harmful for the environment.
Lay vs. Lie
Lay = "to put" or "to place"
Needs a direct object (something to lay down)

Lie = "to recline" or "to be positioned"
Never has a direct object.

Past tense of lie is lay
Past tense for lay is laid
Examples:
Please lay the towels on the dresser.
Carol decided to lie down for awhile.
Yesterday, I laid out clothes to wear today.
Carol lay down after dinner last night because
she was not feeling well.
Learn vs. Teach
Learn = "to acquire knowledge"
Teach = "to give knowledge
Leave vs. Let
Leave = "to go away"
Let = "to allow" or "to permit"

"Let it be" not "Leave it be"
"Leave me alone" not "Let me alone"

Like vs. As
Like = preposition and introduces a prepositional phrase
As = a subordinating conjunction and introduces a subordinate/dependent clause.
Examples:
Experiments like this one often fail.
As we had hoped, the experiment was a success.
Loose vs. Lose
Loose is an adjective.
Lose is a verb.
Examples:
He tied the rope in a loose knot.
Be careful not to lose these tickets.
The pants were too loose now that he had lost the weight.
I often lose my keys.
Passed vs. Past
Passed is the past form and past participial of the verb "pass".
Past = adjective, preposition, adverb, or noun.
Examples:
Climbing the hill, we passed three trucks.
We drove past Yasmin's house. (preposition)
We should never forget about our past. (n.)
We should not dwell on past mistakes. (adj.)
The policeman walked past. (adv.)
Precede vs. Proceed
Precede = "to go or to come before"
Proceed = "to continue" or "to move along"
Examples:
A short film preceded the lecture.
The meeting proceeded without us.
Raise vs. Rise
Raise = "to cause to move upward"
Rise = "to move upward"
Examples:
We raise the flag each morning.
The flag rises slowly.
The sun rises in the morning.
They raised their glasses for the toast.
Reason is because
Redundant

Use because alone
or
use the reason is that

The reason I called you is that I forgot Taylor's phone number.
I called you because I forgot Taylor's phone number.
Respectively vs. Respectfully
Respectively = "in the order named"
Respectfully = "with respect"
Examples:
George respectfully thanked his music teacher for attending his recital.
The drawing and painting classes are offered on Monday and Wednesday respectively.
Says vs. Said
Says is the third person singular of the verb "say"

Said is the past tense of "say"
Examples:
My brother always says he will help.
Yesterday, he said he'd walk the dog.
Sit vs. Set
Sit = "to place oneself in a sitting position"
Set = "to place" or "to put"
Usually has an object
Examples:
You may sit anywhere you want.
We set the dirty dishes on the table.
My mother asked me to set the table.
I like to sit in the sun.
Then vs. Than
Then = an adverb
usually tells what comes next
Than = conjunction
usually compares

Examples:
Jamie is now taller than her mother.
She was much shorter then.
I went to the store and then I made a cake.
Jack did better on the test than Jill did.
This here vs. That there
Avoid using here and there after this and that.

Please file these folders in that cabinet.


Who vs. Whom
Use who for subjective case

Use whom for objective case

He is the subject.
The subject is him.

Who is the subject.
The subject is whom?
Examples:
Who will greet the guests?
To whom should I address the invitations?
Definitions and Examples from:
Glencoe Literature The Reader's Choice
Grammar and Language Workbook.
Full transcript