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Chapter 1 Lesson 2 Classifying Living Things

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by

Josh Patrick

on 22 August 2013

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Transcript of Chapter 1 Lesson 2 Classifying Living Things

Chapter 1 Lesson 2 Classifying Living Things
Pg. 34-42
I Can Statements
I can compare and contrast the kingdoms of life.
Vocabulary Words of the Day
Invertebrates
An animal that does not have a backbone.
Vascular
Plant tissue through which water and food move.
Classification
The science of organizing categories of living things.
Vertebrates
An animal that has a backbone.
Species
A group of similar organisms in a genus that can reproduce more of their own kind.
Non-Vascular
Containing no plant tissue through which water and food move.
Kingdom
The largest group into which an organism can be classified.
How are organisms classified?
Shared traits!

Identify the kingdoms of life.
Ancient Bacteria
Bacteria
Protists
Fungi
Plants
Animals

Why are smaller groups needed for classification?
A large group, such as a kingdom, contains too many organisms. Smaller groups of similar organisms are easier to study.
Animal
Kingdom
Multicellular
All animals in the animal kingdom are multicellular.
Obtain food from other organisms
What is the difference between vertebrates and invertebrates?
Two Major Groups
Vertebrates & Invertebrates
CAN move from place to place
There are 11 Phyla that belong to the two groups.
Identify the invertebrate phyla?
Plant
Kingdom
Has a
cell wall
All plants are multicellular
Two Major Groups
Vascular and Non-Vascular
Make their own food
CANNOT move from place to place
what is the difference between vascular and non-vascular plants?
Vascular plants have a system of vessels that run up the body of the plant. Vascular plants do not.
Fungus
Kingdom
Obtain food from other organisms
Most fungi get energy by breaking down dead or decaying plants and animals.
what would happen to a forest without Fungi?
Fungi are the source of antibiotics
Fungi live in dark and wet places
Dead organisms would be piled up because they were not broken down.
Examples:
Yeast
Mold
Mushrooms
How are plants and fungi different?
Fungi cannot make their own food.
Ancient Bacteria
& Bacteria
Unicellular Organism
Ancient Bacteria live in harsh environments such as deep sea vents, hot springs, and extremely salty water.
Ancient Bacteria are the oldest living organisms on Earth.
Can be helpful or harmful to our bodies
No
Nucleus
How is true bacteria different from ancient bacteria?
True bacteria live everywhere but ancient bacteria only live in harsh environments.
PROTISTS
Unicellular or multicelluar
Why are plant-like protists not classified as plants?
Plant-Like Protists can make their own food.
Animal-Like Protists cannot make their own food.
larger than bacteria
have a nucleus
have simple body structures
Algae
Amoebas
Full transcript