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The Hero's Journey
Transcript of The Hero's Journey
Equipment #3. Supernatural Aid #5. Apotheosis #4. Atonement with the Father #2. Magic Flight #1. The Refusal of Return Joseph Campbell:
March, 1904- October, 1987 Departure #1. Call to Adventure No sane person goes seeking after danger... sooo... yep.
Danger comes to them!
A message. #2. Refusal of Call The protagonist/antagonist might refuse the 'Call to Adventure'. Mentors
New Power #4. The Crossing of the First Threshold A WHOLE NEW WORLD! #5. Belly of the Whale (Dun Dun Dun) "It's too late to turn back now...." Initiation Stage 2: Stage 1: Examples Harry Potter receives a letter inviting him to Hogwarts. (Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone) Gandolf comes to Bilbo's birthday party and hears rumors about Sauruaman gathering his forces. (Lord of the Rings: the Fellowship of the Ring) When Luke Skywalker discovers Princess Leia's message: Please help me Obi Wan Kanobi, you're my only hope! (Star Wars I) Examples When Han Solo refuses to go and fight, and instead takes his reward money and runs away. (Star Wars I) When Westley mocks Buttercup about her not waiting for her true love (which is actually him in disguise). (The Princess Bride) When Simba refuses to return to Pride Rock, and take his rightful place as king. (The Lion King) Examples When Phil decides that he will train Hercules. (Disney's Hercules) When Steve Rogers is transformed into a very muscular guy, and becomes Captain America. (Captain America: the First Avenger) When Luke Skywalker receives a lightsaber, and training from his mentors Obi Wan Kanobi, and the Jedi master Yoda. (Star Wars I) Examples When Harry Potter first enters Diagon Alley. (Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone) When Luke Skywalker and Han Solo enter the Death Star to rescue Princess Leia. (Star Wars I) When Sherlock Holmes and Dr. John Watson leave 221B Baker Street and go to a crime scene for the first time. (A Study in Scarlet) Examples When Luke Skywalker discovers that Darth Vader (spoiler alert) is his father. (Star Wars II: Empire Strikes Back) When Jonah is literally inside the belly of a whale. (The Holy Bible) When Harry Potter enters the Forbidden Forest and faces Voldemort (the murderer of his parents) for the first time. (Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone) When the hero receives help from... When the hero first enters a new world or situation. When the hero reaches a point of no return. :) #1. Road of Trials #2. Meeting with the Goddess #3. Woman as Temptress The series of events (mostly trials) that the hero goes through after leaving home. These trials help to further develop the hero character, and to build tension for the story. Oh no, not again. It is important to note that suddenly, and against all probability, a sperm whale had been called into existence, several miles above the surface of an alien planet. And since this is not a naturally tenable position for a whale, this innocent creature had very little time to come to terms with its identity. This is what it thought, as it fell:
"Ahhh! Woooh! What's happening? Who am I? Why am I here? What's my purpose in life? What do I mean by who am I? Okay okay, calm down calm down get a grip now. Ooh, this is an interesting sensation. What is it? Its a sort of tingling in my... well I suppose I better start finding names for things. Lets call it a... tail! Yeah! Tail! And hey, what's this roaring sound, whooshing past what I'm suddenly gonna call my head? Wind! Is that a good name? It'll do. Yeah, this is really exciting. I'm dizzy with anticipation! Or is it the wind? There's an awful lot of that now isn't it? And what's this thing coming toward me very fast? So big and flat and round, it needs a big wide sounding name like 'Ow', 'Ownge', 'Round', 'Ground'! That's it! Ground! Ha! I wonder if it'll be friends with me? Hello, Ground!" Examples When Shrek and donkey have to cross the lava on the rickety bridge. (Shrek) Pretty much all of Finding Nemo... the sharks, the Angler Fish, the jellyfish, etc. etc. (Finding Nemo) A big part of the Odyssey is road of trials: the Cicones, Cyclops, Circe, Sirens, Cattle of the Sun, etc. etc. (The Odyssey) "I feel so complete!!" Examples When Harrry discovers that he likes Ginny, and that Ginny likes him back. :) (Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince) "A Girl Worth Fighting For"- the soldiers describe the 'perfect' girl. (Mulan) When the protagonist/antagonist meets someone that they greatly admire. (Usually ends up being a pretty girl.) When Luke sees Princess Leia for the first time. (That's not awkward at all...) (Star Wars I) Someone who distracts the hero. Examples #6. Ultimate Boon #3. Crossing of the Return Threshold #4. Master of Two Worlds #5. Freedom to Live Transition from egocentric hero to self-less hero! Realizes that their life is not in their hands. The lull between changing themselves and the world. "With great power comes great responsibility..." Using the power for good! Examples "The other world is just so cool!!" (Once the hero has finished his/her quest, they may not want to return home.The other world is more appealing.) Examples δ δ δ δ (It doesn't necessarily have to be a woman, but often times it is.) HERO When Edmund is treated with Turkish Delight, and is promised more if he brings his brother and sisters to the White Witch's castle. (The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe) Doesn't that mean that the Turkish Delight is the temptress? ... 0_o When Meg tempts Hercules to reveal his weakness so that Hades can destroy him. (Disney's Hercules) When Darth Sideous and Darth Vader (obviously pretty girls...) tempts Luke to join the Dark Side by offering him power. (Star Wars V) Examples When Harry goes into the Forbidden Forsest, and is ready to die so that his friends could kill Voldemort. (Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows [Part 2 of the movies]) When Simba returns to Pride Rock, to take responsibility as king of the lions. (Lion King) When Hercules changed from an egocentric town hero to a self-less man who sacrificed his own life to restore Meg, the woman he loved. (Disney's Hercules) Comes to a realization about the purpose of life, and the purpose of themselves. Examples "Never. I'll never turn to the Dark Side. You've failed, your highness. I am a Jedi, like my father before me." -Luke Skywalker (Star Wars: Episode VI- Return of the Jedi) Bruce Banner is afraid of becoming the Hulk, so he shuts himself away from the world. But he realizes that he can use his powers for good. (The Incredible Hulk) The Grinch hates Christmas, but finally realizes that the holiday has more to it than the trees and the presents and the trinkets. And "His heart grew three sizes that day". (How the Grinch Stole Christmas) When Prince Henry decides that he wants to build a university where anyone in any station can study. (Ever After) When Mia decides that she will accept the role and responsibilities of a princess. (Princess Diaries) Prince Naveen realizes that he doesn't need money to be happy- so he helps Tiana build her restaurant. (Princess and the Frog) When the hero must escape! They escape at the last second, barely surviving. In myths and folktales, the flight is usually literally a 'magic flight' (faeries, flying bison, etc. etc.). At the end of almost every Harry Potter book/movie, Harry doesn't want to go back to the muggle world. (Harry Potter) Tiana doesn't want to go back to being human because she loves Prince Naveen- and becoming human again would mean losing him. (Princess and the Frog) Sam doesn't want to leave The Grid without his father. (Tron: Legacy) Examples Appa. (Flying bison that often whisks the Avatar and his friends away to safety.) (Avatar: The Last Airbender) When Elliot is helping E.T. escape the government, E.T. makes the bike fly. (E.T. Extra Terrestrial) When Ron (and Fred and George) help Harry escape from his house (and go to Hogwarts) in the family flying car.
(Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets) Things are back to normal. The hero finishes their quest, and can return home. The Return Threshold HERO Examples :) When Alice returns from Wonderland. (Alice in Wonderland) When Mulan can finally return home (after getting a nice pat on the back from the Emperor). (Disney's Mulan) When Peter, Susan, Edmund and Lucy go through the wardrobe again, and return home. (The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe) The hero has mastered both the physical and spiritual world. Some sources say that this step is in fact, the final conflict between the hero and the antagonist. Examples When Aang becomes a fully-realized Avatar, he can control himself in the Avatar state. (Avatar: The Last Airbender) When Luke finally becomes a Jedi Master, and masters 'the Force'. (Star Wars VI: Return of the Jedi) When Dorothy "returns" to Kansas, and discovers that her friends from Oz are actually based on her friends at home. She returns home, yet keeps Oz with her. (The Wizard of Oz) The hero is free to live without fear of death. They are free to live the life they choose. Examples Odysseus is free to live his life with his wife after he returns home. (The Odyssey) After Harry and his friends kill Voldemort, they are free to live their lives. (Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows [Part 2 of the movies]) When Marlin and Nemo finally reunite, they are both free to live their lives. (Finding Nemo) HERO Stage 3: Return!