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History of Landscape Design - Shalimar Garden - PAKISTAN
Transcript of History of Landscape Design - Shalimar Garden - PAKISTAN
Ruggles, F. – Islamic gardens and landscapes, University of pennsylvania Press, 2008.
Moynihan, E.B.- Paradise as a garden in Persia and Mughal India, Scolar Press, London, 1979.
Brooks, J. – Gardens of paradise, London, 1987.
www.flickr.com Biblography Jahangir’s talents directed towards arts – inspired by Akbar and Babur and helped by wife Nur Jahan
Diaries illustrated by artists with pictures of plants, animals, natural world
Supported portraiture of Mughal school of painting Function of each section of garden changes with ascending level from
1) public through
3) private zone The Zenana Garden could be accessed only by Emperor and used by his court ladies Lake Dal Shalimar Garden
India DALIA CHOUCAIR
ABBOUDD SIMON Islam – way of life guided by Quran
Garden (Bagh) = Paradise
Citated 30-times; ‘Gardens underneath which rivers flow’
Fruit trees, water and rich pavilions with a shade for friends to relax in private enclosure
Image of garden = a reflection of God ; used by poets
All artists used references to gardens His son Shah Jahan perfected Shalimar Bagh and showed his genius for architecture in Agra – back to Persian tradition of chahar bagh Garden designer from times as a prince, ordered to built over 700 gardens in Vale of Kashmir,
Nur Jahan continued to build her gardens and buried husband in one of them Shalimar Bagh recalls Mughal’s
annual pilgrimage to Kashmir Place for contemplation, perfect peace, sitting cross-legged on carpets by the waterside or on a low stone bench astride one of cascades Abode of Love – gift to Jahangir’s wife Nur-Jahan
One of many paradise or pleasure gardens
Ideal background for self-indulgent Jahangir suffering from alcoholism and opium dependancy 3.Zenana Garden 2.Emperor’s Garden 1.Public Garden Arial photo of Shalimar Bagh in Kashmir Islam
Realism, material, concrete, clarity of mosque, open-air courts, mathematical, continuous decoration, writing as an art Hinduism
Idealism, visionary, abstract, enclosed mystic temple with a secred chamber, irregular, symbiotic, social system Indo-islamic art Hindu craftsmenship Muslim ideology Mughal design Canal leads to Lake Dal Hall of Public Audience (Diwan-i-Am) Public Garden:
The lowest terrace; now cut by road and shortened Hall of Private Audiance (Diwan- i- Khas) destroyed Entrance to Zenana (ladies’) garden Black marble pavilion (built by Shah Jahan) Emperors garden (Bagh-I-Farah Bakhsh):
Middle terrace built by Shah Jahan around 1630 Zenana garden (Bagh-I-Faiz Bakhsh):
Upper terrace built by Jahangir in 1619-20 4.Black Pavillion