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English Civil War

The lead up to, and causes of the English Civil War

Bill Speakman

on 12 April 2011

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Transcript of English Civil War

Elizabeth I - last of the Tudor Monarchs
Raised and ruled Protestant.
Under her long reign, Parliament became firmly Protestant. James Stuart of Scotland
King of Scotland (James VI)
King of England (James I)
Allowed freedom of worship for Catholics, though he did make it difficult on them Following Elizabeth to the throne
was her Scottish cousin James James led a tenuous reltionship with Parliament, dismissing them many times and ruling for years at a time without them Growing up with his father James I,
Charles learned how to be a strong ruler
and developed a convicted belief in
The Divine Right of Kings. Charles I
Taxed without Parliamentary consent
Failed to aid Protestants during 30 Years War
Married a Catholic princess
Held counsel with questionable religious advisors The Absolute Monarch v. Parliament
Cavaliers Roundheads "I have delivered to my conscience; I pray God you do take those courses that are best for the good of the kingdom and your own salvation." In 1649 Charles I was put on trial. The charges against Charles were that he was:
"a tyrant, traitor and murderer; and a public and implacable enemy to the Commonwealth of England." The English Commonwealth
Oliver Cromwel Oliver Cromwell
Parliamentary Leader of Rump Parliament
"Rump Parliament" was the name of Parliament after soldiers had removed any members who may have voted for Charles at his trial. Long Parliament
Term that applies to the period in which the English Parliament ruled without a monarch for 11 years. Stuart Restoration
With Cromwell's death, the Long Parliament passed laws enabling Charles I's son (Charles II) to be crowned King. James II
Son of Charles II
Pro-France Glorious Revoltion 1688
William and Mary (distant cousins) invited by Parliament to rule.
William and Mary are from the Netherlands
In order to get to rule William and Mary had to sign the English Bill of Rights English Bill of Rights
Lays down limits on the powers of monarch
Establishes rights of Parliament
Rules for freedom of speech
Requirement of regular elections to Parliament
Right to petition the monarch without fear of retribution.
It reestablished the liberty for Protestants to have arms for their defence within the rule of law.
Condemned James II of England for "causing several good subjects being Protestants to be disarmed at the same time when papists were both armed and employed contrary to law".
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