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IURI 211: LE // SU 2

Legaliteitsbeginsel // Principle of Legality
by

Jacques Matthee

on 13 January 2014

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Transcript of IURI 211: LE // SU 2

LEEREENHEID 2

Legaliteitsbeginsel

STUDY UNIT 2

Principle of legality ENIGE VRAE? ANY QUESTIONS? WHAT IS EXPECTED OF YOU? WAT WORD VAN U VERWAG? JURI 211

STRAFREG
CRIMINAL LAW A 2, 35(3) Grondwet van die Republiek van Suid-Afrika, 1996
S 2, 35(3) Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996
Director of Public Prosecutions, Western Cape v Arnold Prince (ongerapporteer // unreported) (A 134/08) [2012] ZAWCHC 42
Director of Public Persecutions, Western Cape v Prince Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development and two amici curiae intervening) (369/12)[2012]. ZASCA 106 (15 Junie // June 2012) (3) PRINCIPLE OF LEGALITY LEGALITEITSBEGINSEL bl 12 SG // p 12 SG GROUP DISCUSSION GROEPSBESPREKING Reëls // Rules
Beskuldigde se gedrag = gemeenregtelike/statutêre misdryf
Accused's conduct = common law/statutory crime
Misdryf op tydstip van pleging
Crime at time of commission
Gedrag (misdryf) duidelik omskryf
Conduct (crime) clearly described
Nuwe misdrywe deur wetgewer geskep
New crimes created by legislature (2) PRINCIPLE OF LEGALITY LEGALITEITSBEGINSEL Beantwoord die volgende vrae in slegs een sin:
Answer the following questions is just one sentence:

Onderskei tussen die konsepte 'strafreg', 'internasionale strafreg' en 'transnasionale strafreg'.
Distinguish between the concepts 'criminal law', 'international criminal law' and 'transnational criminal law'.
Illustreer, by wyse van 'n skematiese voorstelling, die plek van die Strafreg in die Suid-Afrikaanse regsisteem.
Illustrate, by means of schematic rendition, the place of Criminal law in the South African legal system.
Vergelyk die ooreenkomste en verskille tussen die Strafreg en Deliktereg in die Suid-Afrikaanse reg.
Compare the similarities and differences between the Criminal law and the Law of Delict in South African law.
Verduidelik in u eie woorde wat die volgende strafteorieë behels:
Explain in your own words what the following theories of punishment entail:
Voorkomingsteorie // Preventative theory;
Afskrikkingsteorie // Deterrence theory; en // and
Hervormingsteorie // Reform theory. WHAT DID WE DISCUSS LAST WEEK? WAT HET ONS VERLEDE WEEK BEHANDEL? Leergedeelte // Study Section 3.1 VOORBEREIDING // PREPARATION Staat onderworpe aan reg, nie andersom
State subject to law, not the other way around
Individue nie arbitrêr gestraf
Individuals not punished arbitrarily
Slegs (gemeenregtelike & statutêre) misdrywe strafbaar
Only (common law & statutory) crimes punishable (1) PRINCIPLE OF LEGALITY LEGALITEITSBEGINSEL Wat dink u behels die legaliteitsbeginsel?

What do you think the principle of legality entails? INTRODUCTION INLEIDING Hoe kan individue sekerheid hê oor die vraag of hulle optrede neerkom op 'n misdryf?

How can individuals have certainty on whether or not their conduct consitutes a crime?
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