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Transcript of GMO
What is GMO?
Genetically modified organism (GMO) is a plant, animal or microorganism whose genetic code has been altered, subtracted, or added (either from the same species or a different species) in order to give it characteristic it does not have naturally
Modify the DNA of crops to be more tolerant to herbicides
Create crops to produce their own insecticides
Speed up the growing process of premature crops to produce more abundantly and frequently.
Attempt to alter the nutritional content to be more nutritious and have a superior taste to traditional farming methods.
Multinational chemical and agricultural biotechnology corporation
Leading producer of GM seeds and herbicides
Former major producer of plastics (1940s)
Former producer of Agent Orange (chemical used by American military during the Vietnam war) and bovine growing hormone (injected into cows increase dairy production by 20%)
The first to genetically modify a plant cell (1983)
The first to conduct the field trails on GM crops (1987)
Currently owner of 90% of GM seeds of maize, say bean, cotton, sugar bean and canola
GMO - future or threat?
GMO in USA
GMO in India (1:28-4:05)
GMO in Poland
Some issues related to GMO in selected countries
Currently a huge consumers' demand for labelling on food products
How soya bean can survived being sprayed with Roundup?
What are GMO regulations in Poland?
GMO in Poland
What can we do to avoid GMO?
on January 2013, a day after an EU required green light for GM crops took effect, Poland imposed new bans on the cultivation of certain genetically modified strains of maize and potatoes
Monsanto's experimental fields in Poland (17 fields)
possible to purchase GM crops, not allowed to grow them
many Polish fields contaminated by Ukrainian GM crops
Buy local, organic food
Avoid products with description on the labelling: "produced from genetically modified...[soya, canola, maize, itc.]
Avoid at-risk ingredients such as soy lecithol or corn starch
by Iwona Dabrowska
GM crops are promoted on the basis of a range of far-reaching claims from the GM crop industry and its supporters. They say that GM crops:
Are an extension of natural breeding and do not pose different risks from naturally bred crops
Are safe to eat and can be more nutritious than
naturally bred crops
Are strictly regulated for safety
Increase crop yields
Reduce pesticide use
Benefit farmers and make their lives easier
Bring economic benefits
Benefit the environment
Reduce energy use
Will help feed the world.
Are laboratory-made, using technology that is totally different from natural breeding methods, and pose different risks from non-GM crops
Can be toxic, allergenic or less nutritious than their natural counterparts
Are not adequately regulated to ensure safety
Do not increase yield potential
Do not reduce pesticide use but increase it
Create serious problems for farmers, including herbicide-tolerant “superweeds”, compromised soil quality
Have mixed economic effect
Harm soil quality, disrupt ecosystems, and reduce biodiversity
Are as energy-hungry as any other chemically-farmed crops
Cannot solve the problem of world hunger but distract from its real causes – poverty, lack of access to food and, increasingly, lack of access to land to grow it on.
However, a large and growing body of scientific and other authoritative evidence shows that these claims are not true. On the contrary, evidence presented in this report indicates that GM crops: