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Types of Government: Totalitarianism, Fascism, Socialism

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Kelsey Hamel

on 13 May 2011

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Transcript of Types of Government: Totalitarianism, Fascism, Socialism

Types of Government:
Totalitarianism, Fascism, Socialism Totalitarianism Form of government that theoretically permits no individual freedom and seeks to subordinate all aspects of the individual's life to the authority of the government. Dictatorial one-party state. Examples: Rids the state of traditions. Any dissent from the government is considered "evil" and "wrong". Religious ties are broken and replaced with ties to the government. Creates mass conformity to the beliefs of the state. Often, large scale violence occurs in an attempt to extinguish a group of people. Fascism Jews in Germany Kulaks in Soviet Union A totalitarian government that glorifies the state and nation; assigns control to the state over every aspect of national life It emphasizes national or racial rebirth in a country that has suffered a recent decline or destruction. Public opinion was influenced by the government, leading to hatred of the particular group by the entire nation. Law It promotes racial superiority doctrines, ethnic persecution, imperialistic expansion, and genocide All power becomes vested in one man. Police operate without laws or regulations. Their actions are directed by the ruler. the opposition of all ideals socialism and capitalism Examples: SOcialism Centrally planned economy in which the government controls all means of production. Karl Marx is credited with the creation of socialism from his ideals and beliefs. Socialism is democratic. All three men were founders of the fascist parties in their country. Everything created is for the purpose of creating greater glory for all rather than for personal recognition. All authority comes from the workers. Creates a classless society and guarantees full democratic rights of the workers. Adolf Hitler: Germany Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera: Spain Benito Mussolini: Benito Mussolini: Italy Other countries that took part in forming fascist parties were Norway, Denmark, Great Britain, Belgium, and France. Robert owen developed the socialist idea because he felt that to benefit everyone as a whole, government and society should control industry and property. His efforts created the movement of social democracy, slowly pulling people from capitalism. Karl Marx's view on socialism led to the development of communism. Karl Marx Robert Owen The very first elements of socialism were in the late 19th century in Thomas More's book, Utopia. Utopia theorized that everyone would live together with the best possible peace, prosperity, and justice in a mutually supportive community of co-prosperity and common cause. Private property would be abolished and industries, services, and natural resources would be collectively owned by the people. socialism is a transitional stage. Totalitarianism, Fascism, and Socialism are three types of government that are focused around one central ideal: a government's control over the lives and the freedoms of its people. Totalitarianism, Fascism, and Socialism, are all closely related forms of government that believe in granting the government greater control over the freedoms of its peoples' lives.
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