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Contrastive Linguistics - Vowels

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Dana Nolte

on 31 October 2013

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Transcript of Contrastive Linguistics - Vowels

i:
e:
ɛ:
a:
Contrastive Linguistics
German and English Vowels
German Vowels



English Vowels



Comparison

monophthongs
diphthongs
monophthongs
diphthongs
German Vowels
bieten
beten
bäten
baten
front cardinal vowels (tense)





back cardinal vowels




u:
o:
ɔ
trug
trog
trocken
front round vowels (tense)





i: / y
e: / ø
ɛ:
a:
Sühne
Söhne
i:
e:
ɛ:
a:
u:
o:
ɔ
i: / y
ɪ / ʏ
e: / ø
ɛ: / œ
a:
u:
ʊ
o:
ɔ
high vowels (lax)





Schlick Schluck
i: / y
ʏ
e: / ø
ɛ: / œ
a:
u:

o:
ɔ
Stücke

Stöcke
front round vowels (lax)





reduced vowels






i: / y
ɪ / ʏ
e: / ø

ɛ: / œ

a:
u:
ʊ
o:

ɔ
ə
ɐ
finde

Finder
English Vowels
Bibliographie
Reminder
phonetic classification:

position of tongue (height and advancement)

lip rounding (rounded vs. unrounded)

tension (tense vs. lax)

lenght (long vs. short)
König, E. & Gast, V. (2009). Understanding German-English Contrasts. Berlin: Schmidt.

Mair, C. (1995). Englisch für Anglisten. Tubingen: Stauffenburg.

Musk, N. (2010). Phonetiks. <http://www.liu.se/ikk/english/course-webpages/ling1/phonetics?l=en>
(23.10.2013)

<http://www.uni-leipzig.de/~jtrommer/phonetik07/k5a.pdf> (21.10.2013)

<http://www.langsci.ucl.ac.uk/ipa/vowels.html>
(21.10.2013)
monophthongs
diphthongs
Heu


Hai Sau
15 monophthongs

3 diphthongs
(all of them raising)

mainly front vowels
monophthongs
/i:/
/ɜ:/
/a:/
/ɔ:/
/u:/
long vowels





feel
sir
spa
law
shoe
/ɪ/
/ɛ/
/æ/
/ʌ/
/ɒ/
/ʊ/
/ə/
fill
bed
bad
but
got
full
another
short vowels







diphthongs
/eə/
/ɪə/
/ʊə/
bare
beer
sure
centering diphthongs



closing diphthongs





/eɪ/
/aɪ/
/ɔɪ/
/əʊ/
/aʊ/
say
sigh
boy
so
now
Comparison
German
English
11 monophthongs

8 diphthongs

mainly back vowels
German - English Vowels
i y u

e ø o
ɪ ʊ ʏ

ɛ œ ɔ

a
high








low
tense lax
middle
Full transcript