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Incorporating Theory into Practice
Transcript of Incorporating Theory into Practice
Theory Development Models
Life Philosophy w/ Activity
Counseling Theories Skovholt and Ronnestad's Three Stage Model (1992)
1. Pre-training - Reflection on beliefs
2. Training - Learning about counseling theories
3. Post-training - Theory integration & picking a theoretical orientation Models of Theory Development Intentional Theory Selection Model
1. Life Philosophy
2. School of Thought
3. Theory - - - - - - -> Goals - - - - - - - > Techniques Models of Theory development, cont. Cultural Identity Activity Think about yourself in terms of your cultural identity
What are the characteristics that are most salient for you? Why?
How do they shape your values and beliefs?
How might they influence your theoretical orientation? Without understanding your own life philosophy you will find it difficult to provide effective counseling
We are all influenced by traditions (whether we adopt or adapt them) from our culture . . . which add to our life philosophy Life Philosophy Basic Components of a Counseling Theory View of Human Nature
View of Mental Health
View of Psychopathology
Role and qualities of the counselor
Limitations & ethical considerations Six Major Schools of Thought
6. Family Systems *There are hundreds of theories to pick from . . . . Aradi and Kaslow (1987)