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Alcohol and Tobacco

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by

Radhiha R. A.

on 15 January 2013

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Transcript of Alcohol and Tobacco

Alcohol and Tobacco Driving Question How can we help slow the use of alcohol and tobacco to increase the health of the community? Genes: having parents who are addicted makes it 4 times more likely for their child to become addicts.
Mental illness: Many addicts suffer from mental health disorders like anxiety and depression, they use alcohol or tobacco or other ways to try to get away from themselves.
Early use of drugs: the younger you are when you begin using drugs, the more likely it is for you to progress to more abuse.
Social environment: if the people who are close to you, use alcohol and tobacco and other drugs, you tend to follow their footsteps.
Childhood trauma: abuse/neglect of children, conflicts in the family and other traumatic experiences, makes a child more vulnerable to addiction Factors that lead to addiction Risk Factors of alcohol:
Beginning to drink at an early age.
Youth perception that parents approve.
Associating with those who use alcohol.
Aggressiveness or antisocial behavior into early adolescence.
Low parental monitoring.
Low perception of harm
Availability of alcohol.
Poor school achievement and low school bonding Risk and Protective Factors Protective Factors of alcohol:
Family bonding(positive attachments).
Clear standards for behavior.
High parental expectations.
Sense off basic trust
Positive family dynamics.
Caring and support from friends and family.
Opportunities for pro-social involvement.
Recognition for pro-social involvement.
Positive sense of self.
Decreasing substance accessibility.
Negative attitude about drugs Risk Factors of Tobacco:
Stress
Low self esteem
Smoking by parents
Exposure and susceptibility to tobacco advertising.
Teens lacking college plans
Parents with no college education
Nicotine-highly addictive
Smoking early at younger age
Genetics - inherit genes that can affect how brain reacts to nicotine. Protective Factors of Tobacco:
Communication between children and parents.
Monitoring adolescence.
Disapprove of smoking and drugs
What kids watch on television, can have an impact.
Bonding with positive individuals.
Opportunities to make meaningful contributions.
Positive social orientation. Background Information Solutions Risk and Protective factors Alcohol:
Impairs vision/motor skills.
Causes: anemia, cancer, cardiovascular disease, cirrhosis, dementia, depression, seizures, gout, HBP, nerve damage, pancreatitis.
Causes many serious social and developmental issues
Overall - 2.5million deaths per year.
World's 3rd largest factor for disease burden.

Why do people drink?
get a break from daily routine
de-stress from school or work
feel less inhibited in social situations
fit in with others
express feelings that are difficult to express when sober
suppress painful feelings Tobacco:
Can cause up to 19 different types of cancer (oral/ nasal/ lung/ bladder/ kidney/ pancreas/ etc..)
Affects not only the smoker but those around because of second hand smoking.
Contains over 4,000 chemicals and 2,000 poisons.
1 in 5 dead each year due to tobacco in the US.

Why do people smoke?
part of cultural traditions
fit in with others
so they could look older
to experiment
to relax Educating people about the dangers via media
1. We create a couple commercials, billboards, radio ads, and various ways to spread word on the internet.
2.We would then go to the appropriate party and ask if we can air our infomercials
Establish a leadership group and make a commitment to change
1. Create a group that meets once a week and has people that want to quit
2. This is voluntary Alcohol is responsible for 3.8% of all deaths in the world in 2004 - WHO.
65% of all violent behavior due to alcohol.
Alcohol involved in 30% of all emotional difficulties among students.and involved in 30% of all academic problems.
Alcohol and tobacco cause approximately 80% of cases of cancer of mouth and throat in men and 65% in women - NIAAA.
59.6% of women have had at least one drink - NIAAA.71.8% of men have had at least one drink - NIAAA.
More than 34% of US population has some form of cardiovascular disease due to alcohol and tobacco - AHA.
Smokers lose an average of 13.2(male) and 14.5(female) years of life - Wikipedia.
Smoking causes an estimated 443,000 deaths annually in US and 49,000 deaths due to second hand smoking- cancer.gov
People who smoke are up to six times more likely to suffer a heart attack than nonsmokers, and the risk increases with the number of cigarettes smoked-cancer.gov
In 2011, an estimated 19 percent of U.S. adults were cigarette smokers. Nearly 16 percent of high school students smoke cigarettes- cancer.gov
Each year, approximately 443,000 Americans die from tobacco-related illnesses-cancer.gov Cited Statistics
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