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Principles of Constitution by Mrs. Foust

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by

Patti Foust

on 1 July 2015

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Transcript of Principles of Constitution by Mrs. Foust

the basic truths of your government
PRINCIPLES OF THE US CONSTITUTION
Checks and Balances
This is the principle that makes sure that one branch doesn't have too much power. Each branch has a little control of the other two branches. Also each branch is a little dependent upon the other two. Remember this phrase "
Check
mate in chess...
check
s & balances"

Here's an easy example.

The Congress PASSES laws. The President can VETO it. Congress can OVERRIDE a veto with a 2/3 majority in both chambers. The Supreme Court can declare a law passed by Congress & signed by the President UNCONSTITUTIONAL.

Each branch has a little control over another
one in the lawmaking process.
Popular Sovereignty
This principle is the core of democracy.
It means that people have the REAL power in the government.
"WE THE PEOPLE".
The the people exercise popular
sovereignty every time they VOTE! Just remember PEOPLE - POPULAR PP
Limited Government
This is easy. The government leaders powers are LIMITED! Leaders elected and appointed can
only do what the CONSTITUTION SAYS they can do.

Here are a couple of examples:
The Constitution says that Congress can pass laws.
Congress cannot decide to ENFORE laws.

The Constitution also says that the President
is limited to two consecutive terms.
The President cannot decide to suspend
elections and serve for an unlimited term.

The Constitution says that the elected leaders must obey the law. Elected leaders are not above the law. If they break a law, they can be impeached, removed from office, and even sent to jail.

Just remember that
leaders are limited
.....
Separation of Powers
This principle means that each branch
of government has its own duties.
Each branch is limited to the powers
spelled out in the Constitution.
Just think of the word "
separate
"
when remember what the principle
of
Separat
ion of Powers means.
R
epublicanism
(
R
epresentative Democracy)
This is probably the hardest one of the principles to recall. That's because
R
epublicanism is a big word. A republic is when you
ELECT
people to serve in a government.
You pick people to be your voice in government.
In class we use the synonym
R
epresentative Democracy instead of Republicanism.
BIG IDEAS
of the
Constitution

INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS
FEDERALISM
The principle of federalism is one of the harder ones to remember. It's a big word and the term doesn't give a hint to the meaning.
Here's what it means. ... Federalism is the sharing of powers between the state and national government. Some powers are reserved to the national (federal) government and some to the states. Remember that the terms federal and national are synonyms when talking about the
government in DC.
Individual rights are exactly what the term means...YOUR RIGHTS as an American citizen. All PEOPLE have basic rights that the government cannot take away. Most are spelled out in the Bill of Rights
In Republicanism the people elect a person to represent their views. "Districts" is the term used when ONE person represents a group of people in Congress. This map shows the nine districts in the US House of Representatives for Indiana.
examples of checks & balances
PRINCIPLE...
(n) basic truth, rule of behavior, accepted idea
HERE'S AN EXAMPLE OF REPUBLICANISM IN INDIANA.
Here's a great chart spelling out the checks and balances
a way to rember
R
epublicanism is
R
ight to VOTE.... you vote for people to
R
epresent you in the government.
Rember
Individual Rights and
MY rights...
Here are the seven principles of the Constitution complete with definations and examples.
Full transcript