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The Roots Of Democracy
Transcript of The Roots Of Democracy
By: Michael Li, Daryl Oh,
Thomas Bamford, Justin Bush
1. Title Page
2. Table of Contents
3. Ancient Athens
4. Ancient Rome
5. The Dark Ages
6. The Magna Carta
7. The Enlightenment
Table of Contents
The Dark Ages
The Magna Carta
-Rome gave the world the idea of a republic.
-The form of government called the Republic was created in 509 B.C., when Roman aristocrats overthrew a harsh king.
-They also adopted the idea, that an individual is a citizen in a state rather than the subject of a ruler, by the Greeks.
-Justinian I created the Roman law code so that laws were based on principles of reason and justice and should protect citizens and their property.
-Twelve tables established the idea that all free citizens had the right to protection of the law and that laws would be fairly administered.
-Rome preserved and added to Greece’s idea of Democracy and passed on the early democratic tradition to civilizations that followed.
-When Henry the second died, his son Richard took over his kingdom and Richard’s brother followed his lead.
-King John fought a losing war with France. Not only in this process he lost a lot of land but he also tired to raise taxes to pay for this war. This angered the English nobles and the king.
-In 1215, the nobles rebelled and convinced king john to give and guarantee certain rights. They wrote all their demands in written form as the Magna Carta.
-The Magna Carta is considered one of the earliest democratic government documents.
-2000 B.C., the Greeks established cities in the small fertile valleys along Greece's rocky coast.
- Each city-state had its own government, a system for controlling the society.
-The Greek city-states adopted many styles of government. In some, a single person called a king or monarch ruled in a government called a monarchy. Others adopted an aristocracy
- Ancient Greek civilization claims the distinction of developing the first democracy in a country. In fact, the word democracy, meaning "rule of the people," comes from the Greek words demos, meaning "people," and kratos, meaning "power."
-Athens was the largest and most powerful city-state to emerge in Greece. In Athens, citizens participated in governmental decision making.
-During the 17th and 18th centuries, an intellectual movement called the Enlightenment developed.
-Enlightenment thinkers tried to apply the principles of reason and the methods of science to all aspects of society.
- The English philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke were important Enlightenment thinkers.
-In his masterpiece of political theory, Leviathan (1651), Hobbes stated that people were by nature selfish and ambitious.
-This time period occurred during the fall of the Roman Empire. This created the idea of feudalism, which stressed that people have certain rights and developed a system of courts to defend these rights.
-It was also a time of religious struggle, within the Catholic Church. The Catholic Church and the Protestant Church had begun to form different ideas.
-The idea of Parliament had begun from feudalism.
-It is known as the age of faith, since the people of the Catholic Church wanted to obey God and to look excellent towards Him.
-Ancient Athens made the government let the people rule however they want to, mostly like how it is today.
-From Ancient Rome, we took the idea of a republic, with written laws, such as The Twelve Tables and The Code of Justinian.
-From The Dark Ages, we use the idea of Parliament, where there are legislative actions, to amend laws.
-The Magna Carta has demonstrated its use of democratic demands.
-From The Enlightenment, we use the ideas from the Enlightenment thinkers for their principles of reason and methods of science, and that the government’s power came from the consent of the governed.