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Baroque, Mannerism, Rococo, and Renissance

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Chloe Mengers

on 22 January 2014

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Transcript of Baroque, Mannerism, Rococo, and Renissance

Baroque, Mannerism, Renaissance, and Rococo
Odette Leal, Chloe Mengers, Felipe Serrano, Chelsea Urech, and Caroline Weishuhn
Rococo
The term Rococo came from the word
Rocaille
It means "stone" in French
Elaborately stylized shell-like and scroll motifs

Baroque
1600-1750 (17th early- 18th century)
Portrays emotions instead of reason and logic
Often used to express the triumph over Catholicism and the Catholic Church
Characterized by new explorations of form, light, shadow, and dramatic intensity

Renaissance
14th century-16th century
Epicenter of the movement was Europe, more specifically-Italy
Name means "rebirth" and considered the beginning of the Modern Era, leaving the Dark Ages
Brought a new found focus on humanism and marked the change from a mainly theocentric ideology to an anthropocentric ideology.
The style looked backed to classical antiquity for inspiration
Focused more on man and nature than the transcendence of the Gothic period
About perfection in art and a sense of calm and peacefulness
Mannerism
1510-20 to 1600
It rejected the Classical Principles
Perception changed in 20th century
Social, Religious, and Cultural Impacts
Maniera Greca: Giorgio Vasari

Some main people..........
Caravaggio
Rubens
Rembrandt
Giordano
Tiepolo
Bernini
Borromini
Fischer von Erlach
Wren
Some of the main features of Baroque.
Broader Naves
Broken Pediments
Heavy Ornamentation
Dramatic Lighting
Large-scale ceiling frescoes
Central Projection on Exterior Facade
Realistic Imagery causing optical illusions
Marian and Holy Trinity Columns
Churches that are an example of the Baroque Period
Chiesa Di Santa Sofia
Capri, Italy
St. Peter's Basilica
Rome, Italy
Il Gesu
Rome, Italy
St. Moise
Venice, Italy
St. Maria Himmelfahrt
Cologne, Germany
3 Different Periods in Renaissance
Early Renaissance
new found interest in the classics and old philosophies
Florence, Italy was a focal point
Sculpture was more prominent
Emphasis on the body
Proportions changed to better fit man
Portraits began to appear
Renaissance
Great families came into power; referenced the Gothic period to gain more power
Florence and Milan are more central
Architecture becomes even more prominent
High Renaissance
The papacy becomes more prominent once again
Rome and Venice become cultural centers
Period reflected an accumulation of all Renaissance art form
People you should know.......
Da Vinci
Raphael
Michaelangelo
Donatello
Brunelleschi
Italian:
Northern Europe:
Albrecht Durer
Jan van Eyck
Examples of Renaissance Art and Architecture
St. Peter's Basilica
Tomb of Julius II
Michaelangelo
The Last Supper
da Vinci
School of Athens
Ralphael
Florence Cathedral
Brunelleschi
Chapel of Palazzo Medici
Gozzol
Versailles
Towards the end of the 17th century, remodeling of the Interior continued with the Rococo style
Use of boiserie and mirror glass instead of precious metals and marble
Tall, arched mirrors over chimney places were dominant in royal homes
Style suggests 'intimate' interior
http://www.linkparis.com/versailles.htm
Regence Style
With the death of Louis XIV, Rococo was identified as the Regence Style
Lost rectangular geometry all together
S-curves
Ornamental Patterns
Example by Francois-Antoine Vasse below:
http://www.linkparis.com/versailles.htm
Even though the Rococo Period was prominent in France, Rome remained unaffected by its influence.

Baroque was the popular style in Rome, and the style that followed was Neo-classicism
ENGLAND
England produced a more domesticated version of Rococo
Wood carving; tables and pier glasses displayed the style
Furniture, silk-weaving, and porcelain manufacturing were prominent
Example
http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/walker/collections/craftdesign/design/rococo
Some Key Characteristics
Figure representation distorted
Infinite Space
Intellectual Complex Iconography
Also.....
Movement
Figura Serpentinata
Spiritual Intensity
'The world beyond intrudes into the world below
' (Frey)
Color > Line
Elongated axis, long gallery building, ect.
EXAMPLES:
Parmigianino's
Madonna with the Long Neck
(1534-40)
Bronzino's
Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time
(1544-5)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baroque_architecture
"Baroque." Oxford Art Online. Grove Art Online, n.d. Web.
"Rococo." Oxford Art Online. Grove Art Online, n.d. Web.
"Mannerism." Oxford Art Online. Grove Art Online, n.d. Web.
Wölfflin, Heinrich. Renaissance and Baroque. London: Collins, 1964. Print.
"Renaissance." Oxford Art Online. Grove Art Online, n.d. Web.
"Mannerism." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2014. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/362538/Mannerism>.
Manfred Wundram. "Mannerism." Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://www.oxfordartonline.com/subscriber/article/grove/art/T053829>.
"Web Gallery of Art, Image Collection, Virtual Museum, Searchable Database of European Fine Arts (1000-1900)." Web Gallery of Art, Image Collection, Virtual Museum, Searchable Database of European Fine Arts (1000-1900). N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/b/bronzino/4/venus_cu.html
SOURCES:
http://www.answers.com/topic/baroque-architecture
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trompe-l'%C5%93il
http://www.studyblue.com/notes/note/n/art-history-midterm/deck/7880821
http://dominicstudio.com/historical_painting_masterpieces/caravaggio

http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Il_Ges%C3%B9
http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/italy/siracusa/cathedral/cathedral3.html
http://arthistoryblogger.blogspot.com/2012/04/quadratura-and-baroque.html
http://www.theslideprojector.com/art5/art5lecturepresentations/art5lecture14.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marian_and_Holy_Trinity_columns
http://www.cathedralquest.com/baroque_architecture.htm
http://www.cathedralquest.com/baroque_architecture.htm
http://lookuparchitecture.com/historybaroque.htm
http://www.cathedralquest.com/baroque_architecture.htm
http://www.cathedralquest.com/baroque_architecture.htm
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