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Deception: A Study of Shaytan

Taught by Shaykh Saad Tasleem

AlMaghrib Institute

on 16 January 2015

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Transcript of Deception: A Study of Shaytan

Other Names for Shaytān:
The one who has no chance of receiving the mercy of Allāh
The Origin and Creation of Shaytān
Shaytān is an actual being that exists, created by Allāh.

Was he a fallen angel?
“Certainly Shaytān was from the angels with respect to his deeds, but not with respect to his origin, and not with respect to him being of the same nature as them.”
–Ibn Taymiyyah

What are the differences between the enmity of mankind and the enmity of Shaytān?
Why was Shaytān given respite until the Day of Resurrection?

What will Shaytān’s fate be?
His ability to see us

His ability to take physical form

His ability to flow within mankind
The throne of Iblīs

Where do the shayātīn sit and gather?
"Indeed, there is for him no authority over those who have believed and rely upon their Lord." [16:99]
Three types of nafs:

1. The soul which encourages evil
2. Self-reproaching soul
3. Satisfied soul

In Arabic, waswās refers to a
beatified and faint vocal sound.

Whispering come from 3 sources:

1. The self that commands us to evil
2. The Shaytān or the shayātīn from amongst the jinn
3. Shayātīn from mankind
Signs of a person who is afflicted by magic:

Dislike of one’s spouse.
Different attitude in the house from that which is outside the house.
Inability to have sexual intercourse with one’s spouse.
Frequent miscarriage for pregnant women.
Sudden change in behavior without obvious reason.
Complete loss of appetite for food.
Thinking or imagining one has done something when in reality one has not.
Sudden obedience and/or love for a particular person.
To take someone outside the fold of Islam (major shirk or major kufr)
To make someone commit al-bid‘ah (innovation)
To make someone commit major sins
To make someone commit minor sins
To make someone waste his or her time in permissible things
To make someone choose to do the lesser of two good deeds
An all-out attack
Iblīs is the Leader of His Army

“Iblīs places his throne upon water; he then sends detachments (for creating dissension); those who are nearer to him in rank are the ones who are most notorious in creating dissension. One of them comes and says, ‘I did such and such.’ And [Iblīs] he says, ‘You have done nothing.’ Then one amongst them comes and says, ‘I did not leave so-and-so until I caused dissension between him and his wife.’ Iblīs then comes close to him and says ‘Yes, you [have done well]!’” Al-A'mash added, “He then embraces him.” [Muslim]
Relationship between Shaytān and the Jinn
Who are the jinn?

comes from the root word
which means to cover and to conceal.

They are called jinn because they are obscured from human sight.
What is the origin of the term ‘

What is the most frequently used name for shaytān in the Qur’ān and Sunnah?
Allāh created the Shaytān and the jinn for His worship
How was Shaytān created?
When was Shaytān created?
Where all the Enmity Began…
Our Sworn Enemy
Some of the wisdoms behind the creation of Shaytān
1. The Prostration of the Angels
2. Shaytān’s Refusal and Arrogance
"And [mention] when We said to the angels, 'Prostrate before Ādam'; so they prostrated, except for Iblīs. He refused and was arrogant and became of the disbelievers." [2:34]
3. The Excuses of Shaytān

"I am better than him.” [7:12]

"Never would I prostrate to a human whom You created out of clay…” [15:32-33]

“You created me from fire and created him from clay.” [38:75-76]

4. Shaytān divulges his plan
“I will mislead them all…" [15:39]

“I will surely sit in wait for them …” [7:16-17]

“I will come to them from before them and from behind them…” [7:16-17]
From our birth…
“When any human being is born, the Shaytān pokes them at both sides of their body with his two fingers, except Jesus, the son of Mary, whom the Shaytān tried to touch but failed, for he touched the placenta-cover instead.” [al-Bukhāri]
During our daily life
Shaytān is ready to enter our body when we yawn

Shaytān laughs at us

Shaytān urinates in our ear while we sleep

Shaytān tries to eat with us

Shaytān tries to entice us while we are alone with the opposite gender

Shaytān tries to ruin our prayer
…Until our death
"Shaytān came to me and said, 'You made it. You have beaten me, you have won, you are successful, don’t worry.' I was saying, 'No! Not until I die.'" - Imām Ahmad
Struggling against the Shaytān helps one improve their relationship with Allah
The Shaytān was created as a test and trial
Many of Allah’s signs are shown to us because of the existence of the Shaytān
The creation of the Shaytān shows the complete ability of Allah to create opposites
By creating the Shaytān Allah shows us His Patience
When one reflects there are many lessons in the story of the Shaytān
Physical Description
Can Shaytān be seen?

What does Shaytān look like?

The Two Horns of Shaytān
“Do not intend to observe prayer at the time of the rising of the sun nor at its setting, for it rises between the horns of Shaytān.” [Muslim]
The Abilities of Shaytān
Where does Shaytān Reside?
Does Shaytān have Power over us?
The Whispering of Shaytān and our Nafs
Waswās (Whisperings)
Satanic Dreams
Evil-eye ('ayn)
Protection from Evil Eye:

Having strong faith in Allāh by putting his trust in Him and seeking refuge with Him and beseeching Him.
Reciting the last two sūrahs of the Qur’ān, Sūrat’l-Ikhlās, Sūrat’l-Fātihah, and āyat’l-kursi.
Du‘ā’s for protection from the Prophet (sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam)
Magic is referred to as “
” in the Qur’ān. It is called sihr because:
Its means are hidden or secret
The practitioners of
deal with things in secret

Sihr may involve things which magicians manage to do through the shayātīn

Magicians may perform magic as their illusions
"Those who consume interest cannot stand [on the Day of Resurrection] except as one stands who is being beaten by Shaytān into insanity…" [2:275]
Signs of a person being possessed:

Strong repulsion when hearing Qur’ān or adhān
Episodes of losing consciousness and/or epileptic attacks, especially when Qur’ān is recited for the possessed person
Frequent nightmares during sleep
Tendency to avoid people accompanied by behavior that is out of the ordinary
The jinn who possesses him might speak when Qur’ān is recited for the possessed person

"Whoever among you sees something in himself or in his possessions or in his brother that he likes, let him pray for blessing for it because the evil eye is real." [al-Hākim]
dreams are of three types:

[1] a good dream which is glad tidings from Allāh;
[2] an [evil] dream which causes pain which is from the Shaytān;
[3] and a dream which is from the suggestions of one's own mind;
so if any one of you sees a dream which they do not like, they should stand up and pray, and they should not speak of it to people." [Muslim]
[1] A good dream which is glad tidings from Allāh
[2] An [evil] dream which causes pain which is from the Shaytān
[3] A dream which is from the suggestions of one's own mind
What should you do when you have a bad dream?

Know that this dream is from the Shaytān, so don’t dwell over it
Seek refuge in Allāh from the accursed Shaytān
Seek refuge in Allāh from the evil of this dream
Spit dryly to your left three times (i.e. blowing with a little bit of saliva)
Don’t tell anyone about it
Turn over from the side on which you were sleeping
Get up and pray
Shaytān’s Main Goal
"Indeed, Shaytān is an enemy to you; so take him as an enemy. He only invites his party to be among the companions of the Blaze." [35:6]
Shaytān’s Motivations
An analysis of Shaytān’s speech: let’s take some examples of Shaytān’s speech as mentioned in the Qur’ān. What conclusions can we come to?

Shaytān’s Sermon to the People of Hellfire
Shaytān’s Immediate Goals
Shaytān’s Army is made up of:

Soldiers from the Jinn
Soldiers from Mankind
Shaytān’s Soldiers from the Jinn:

Progeny of Shaytān
The Shayātīn from the Jinn
The Qarīn

Soldiers from Mankind:

The Shayātīn from Mankind
Allies of Shaytān vs. the Allies of Allāh
"Allah is the ally of those who believe. He brings them out from darknesses into the light. And those who disbelieve - their allies are Tāghūt. They take them out of the light into darknesses. Those are the companions of the Fire; they will abide eternally therein."
[al-Baqarah, 2:257]
1. Protection with the Qur’ān
"And if there comes to you from Shaytān an evil suggestion, then seek refuge in Allāh. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Knowing." [41:36]
2. Non-time-specific Du'ā’s for Protection from Shaytān and the Shayātīn
3. Time-specific Du'ā’s for your whole day
Morning and Evening
Before sleeping
When waking up
Entering and leaving the bathroom
Dressing and undressing
Before and after eating
Marital relations
Exiting and entering the house
A. Saying “A'ūdhu billāhi min’l-shaytān’l-rajīm”
B. Reciting the Mu'awwidhatayn (the last two chapters of the Qur’ān: al-Falaq and al-Nās).
It was narrated that Abu Sa'īd al-Khudri (may Allāh be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allāh (sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) used to seek refuge in Allāh from the jinn and from the evil eye until the Mu'awwidhatayn were revealed, and when they were revealed he started to recite them and not anything else.” [al-Tirmidhi, al-Nasā’i, Ibn Mājah]
C. Reciting Āyat’l-Kursi
D. Reciting Sūrat’l-Baqarah
It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allāh (sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Do not make your houses like graves, for the Shaytān runs away from a house in which Sūrat’l-Baqarah is recited.” [Muslim]
E. Reciting the last two verses of Sūrat’l-Baqarah
It was narrated that Abu Mas'ūd al-Ansāri said: “The Messenger of Allāh (sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘Whoever recites the last two verses of Sūrat’l-Baqarah at night, that will suffice him.’” [al-Bukhāri, Muslim]
F. The Qur'ān as a Whole
Abu Hurayrah (may Allāh be pleased with him) said: “Indeed the home becomes spacious for its inhabitants, and the Angels visit it and the shayātīn abandon it, and its goodness is increased if the Qur’ān is recited in it. And indeed the home becomes narrow and restricted upon its inhabitants, and the Angels abandon it and the shayātīn visit it, and its goodness is decreased if the Qur’ān is not recited in it.” [al-Dārimi]
Allāh's Messenger (sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, "If one says one hundred times in one day: '
None has the right to be worshipped but Allāh, the Alone Who has no partners, to Him belongs Dominion and to Him belong all the Praises, and He has power over all things
(i.e. Omnipotent),' one will get the reward of freeing ten slaves, and one hundred good deeds will be written in their account, and one hundred bad deeds will be wiped off or erased from their account, and on that day they will be protected from the morning till evening from Shaytān, and nobody will be superior to them except one who has done more than that which they have done." [al-Bukhāri]
Distortion of Reality
"Then Shaytān whispered to him; he said, 'O Adam, shall I direct you to the tree of eternity and possession that will not deteriorate?'"
Causing one to go into extremes (extremism)
“Allāh never orders anything except that Shaytān takes two contradictory stances towards it: either shortcoming and negligence or overzealousness and exaggeration.”
-Ibn al-Qayyim
Procrastination and laziness
“During your sleep, the Shaytān ties three knots at the back of the head of each of you, and he breathes the following words at each knot, ‘The night is long, so keep on sleeping.’ If that person wakes up and remembers Allāh, one knot is undone. If they perform ablution, then the second knot is undone. If they pray, then all the knots are undone, and they get up in the morning lively and in good spirits, otherwise they get up in low spirits and lazy.”
Fears & Desires
"That is only the Shaytan who frightens [you] of his supporters. So fear them not, but fear Me, if you are [indeed] believers."
[Āli 'Imrān, 3:175]

“The Shaytān comes to one of you and says, 'Who created such-and-such? Who created such-and-such?’ Until he says, ‘Who has created your Lord?' So if he brings you to this [nature of questioning] one should seek refuge in Allāh and give up such thoughts.” [al-Bukhāri]

The step-by-step process
"O you who have believed, do not follow the footsteps of Shaytān. And whoever follows the footsteps of Shaytān - indeed, he enjoins immorality and wrongdoing." [24:21]
“Haste comes from Shaytān.”
Jealousy/Envy, Arrogance, & Hatred
“The one who has in their heart a mustard seed of arrogance will not enter Paradise.” A man asked, “What if it pleases me that my clothes be nice and my shoes be nice?” The Prophet (sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, “Verily Allah is Beautiful and He loves beauty. Arrogance is disdaining the truth and contempt for people.” [Muslim]
Bad assumptions
"O you who have believed, avoid much [negative] assumption. Indeed, some assumption is sin..." [49:12]
"No! [But] indeed, man transgresses. Because he sees himself self-sufficient." [96:6-7]
Self-Reliance and Ungratefulness
“While I was sitting in the company of the Prophet (sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam), [we saw] two men berrating each other and the face of one of them became red with anger, and his jugular vein swelled. On that the Prophet said, 'I know a word, if he were to say it, what he has would go away, if he were to say: I seek refuge in Allah from Shaytān.'” [Al-Bukhāri]
"And hold firmly to the rope of Allāh all together and do not become divided." [3:103]
Losing hope
"Say, 'O My servants who have transgressed against themselves [by sinning], do not despair of the mercy of Allāh. Indeed, Allāh forgives all sins. Indeed, it is He who is the Forgiving, the Merciful.'" [39:53]
An Introduction to Shaytān
“Most Certainly the Shaytān is an
Enemy for You!”
Physical Description and
Abilities of Shaytān
Fact or Fiction
The Psychology of Shaytān
Shaytān’s Army
How Shaytān Deceives People at Different Levels of Religiosity
24-Hour Security & Protection
Did you know?

Some form of the word “shaytān” can be found in all three of the Abrahamic faiths.

If Shaytān was created from fire, how can he be punished with fire?

Is fire really better than clay?

Was 'Īsa ('alayhi’l-salām) the only Prophet saved from this poking?

Full transcript