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# SCIENCE!

SCIENCE!
by

## Kyle Nguyen

on 20 April 2015

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#### Transcript of SCIENCE!

Hey, Kyle Here again, and I bet that you haven't seen my world in a while.
I've changed a few things, including a thing that I made called a "girl" I named her V1V14N-VU, or Vivian for short.
Hi everyone welcome to Kyle's world, I'm V1V14N-VU or "Vivian" for short.
As Kyle said in the last slide I am one of his newest changes to his world as you know it. # kyleworldchanges
I've finally figured out how to use SCIENCE in my world...mostly astronomy, though.
I still don't know how gravity works, so I can still turn the Universe.
(of astronomy)
This, my friends, is an Atom, as V1 said, it is the basic element of all matter.
Electron ==>
Electrons are subatomic particles that have negative charges...

They obtain that negative charge because they consist of 3 down quarks.

Down quarks are subsubatomic particles that have a charge of -1/3.
Proton ==>
Protons are also aubatomic particles, but they have positive charges...

The obtain their positive charge 1 down quark and 2 up quarks.

Up quarks are subsubatomic particles with a charge of +2/3
<== Neutron
Neutrons...blah blah subatomic balahticles blah neutral charge...

They obtain their no charge because they have 2 down quarks, and 1 up quark.

Up quarks have a charge of +2/3, and down quarks have a charge of -1/3.
2(-1/3)+2/3=0, respectively
First Kyle is going to teach everyone about what makes an atom, and what makes what makes the atom. (not a typo)
*Note some people will die of boredom due to this presentation about astronomy #BORED
Are you going to hashtag everything, Vivian?
a=b
a+a=a+b
2a=a+b
2a-2b=a+b-2b
2a-2b=a-b
2(a-b)=a-b
2=1
Planets are celestial objects that (usually) orbit stars.
We all know of our beloved planet, Eart...Terra!
He means Earth, guys...
To those of you who you think you know the name of the planet that we live on...
Terra is a latin root meaning Earth...
My proof?

-ExtreTERRestrial, meaning not of this Earth

-TERRitorry, meaning a place on this Earth

-TERRAn, usually meaning a race of humans in SCI-FI

-TERRAin, meaning a place on this Earth...again
Le bunch of stuff
Atom -is the basic unit of all matter, and anywhere you're looking, there are at least a billion billion atoms in your point of view.
*Cough* Quintillion*Cough*
There are a lot of types of planets out there...

We have the terrestrial planets,

The Gas giant planets,

Some planets that represent FR3AK1N6 H3L1,
||
Others that represent the opposite of || that,

and the planets that look like Terra...
EARTH
V1V14N will explain all of the planet types.
The terrestrial planets are planets that consist of rocks, and often have little to no atmosphere.
Terrestrial planets are just lumps of rock floating in space playing "slingshot."

No water, no atmosphere, no life.
#nolife
Gas Giant planets are planets that are giant, and made of gas.... :3
Whoa whoa whoa...you're gonna leave them like "Wait...what?"
Mostly, they are planets made of hydrogen, helium, and other gases that speed around the planet in the blink of an eye, creating stroms of thunder, and whirlwinds strong enough to rip Earth into E=MC^2 pieces.

Basically, its a giant hurricane in space.
Wait...what?

Btw, there are high amounts of methane in these types of planets.
The hell planets are sometimes thousands of degrees hot, with oceans of lava. The rocks, not the lava, evaporates and condenses in the atmosphere only to fall back down in a rain of boulders...a true vision of hell.
Lesse...a million degress, raining rock and lava, thunderstorms, oceans of magma...yeah, it's hell.
Hey, Viv...E=MC^2 is NOT a value...
Ice planets...pretty self explanatory, if you ask me.

Maybe and icy surface hundreds of degress below zero, causing a desolate desert of liquid nitrogen?
...Legit...
There are over a hundred tetrillion confirmed planets in the known universe...
That's more planets then all atoms in all cells in all humans all over the world. #lots
A star is another celestial object, and they sometimes orbit each other in clusters, but mostly, they orbit black holes.
#Gaseousfartplanets
He means galaxies, guys.
There are multiple types of stars, too.
Maybe?
FIND TEN HASHTAGS AND BE REWARDED WITH A "GOOD JOB" FROM KYLE!!!
There are...
-Stars are what we see mainly during the night when the skies are clear.

-Did you know the sun is a star too?
The sun is a star that we can see during the day.

Kyle will talk about it later in the presentation
We have the dwarf stars, they can be red, orange, yellow, blue, or white, according to their temperature.

There are medium stars, and they can be yellow, or orange...according to their temperature. Our sun is a medium star, and you should be so glad that it is.

There are the giant stars...over one hundred times the mass of our sun..they can be red, orange, yellow, blue, or white according to their temperature.

There are supergiants and hypergiants...from one thousand times the mass of our sun to one trillion times the mass of our sun.

And we have neutron stars, under the name of magnetars, pulsars, quasars, black holes, and white holes.
Planets+Stars= Solar System
PINK STARS ARE REAL!!!!!
Each celestial object has a gravitic pull, and stars have a gigantic mass, resulting in a greater pull, causing planets to move toward the star.

Stars burn bright because they fuse atoms at their core. The atoms fuse together because the pressure in a star is intense. They can fuse every element up until Iron (at which point they turn into black holes.)
More mass=More gravity
Dwarf stars are stars that have formed of little dust and gas.
An example of these types of planets are Mercury and Mars.
There is Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.
*Venus
*Pluto
They have lifespans of trillions of years, because they burn their hydrogen at an incredibly slow rate.

To die, they fade away and heir gas disperses into the vacuum of space.
White dwarfs are the leftovers of a giant star,
Red dwarfs are just stars,
INTO
THE MANY
GALAXIES
IN SPACE
Medium stars are stars that have an average lifespan of billions of years, and form with about as much gas/dust as one thousand Jupiters, or a million Earths.

Yellow medium stars are the most normal stars you can get.

Orange medium stars are slightly bigger than yellow stars, but not big enough to be giant stars.

Near the end of their lifespan, they swell up because of their inner chaos, and expell their outer layers in a beautiful nova!
Giant stars are stars hundred of times more massive then the sun, and hundreds of times hotter, respectively.

Red and Orange giant stars are yellow medium stars near the and of their lifespan. They are full of iron and can no longer burn. (refer to previous slide)

Yellow giant stars are the most average giant stars you can find in the universe....ever.

Blue and white giant stars are one of the hottest stars you can find in the universe.

When they die, the explode into supernovas...and the blue and white ones form black holes.
WELCOME TO GALAXY
TRY TO DO THAT TO THE SUN KYLE
SMH
Super giant stars are the truly impressive, gigantic ones.They burn for only millions of years, though (due to their rate of combustion.)

Red, orange, and yellow super giants are the ending lifespan of an orange medium star, but they will collapse in on themselves to form black holes and eat up the nova that they created.

Blue and white supergiants are just these extremely bright stars that live for only millions of years...these guys blow themselves up in a gigantic class one supernova, forming black holes.

If they don't form black holes, they form neutron stars, reviewed in about 2 minutes...
Hypergiant stars are the brightest stars in the night sky, also the biggest, at billions of times the mass of our sun.

There are only 4 colors of these guys: red, orange, blue, and white.

All of these burst into class two supernovas, forming black holes that emit enough energy to outshine an entire galaxy. That's also enough energy to OVERCHARGE every single thing on Earth with five million gigawatts per second for the next five years.
A gigawatt is one billion watts.
Neutron stars are the most dangerous stars in the universe. Sure, they're only ten miles wide, but one cup of neutron star material weighs as much as the Earth...a LOT of weight there.
Neutron stars come in the form of magnetars, quasars, and black holes.
Magnetars are neutron stars that spin so fast that they create their own ten mile wide convection current. This means magnetic fields of great magnitudes.
Pulsars are magnetars that spin even faster then magnetars, but spin so fast that they emit two beams of condensed radiation at their poles.
Quasars are pulsars spin hundreds of times faster than pulsars...they tear up anything that comes near them.
Black holes just tear stuff up...and tear their atoms up...then tear their neutrons/protons/electrons apart...then tear their quarks apart,them muons, then neutrinos, etc.
Stars are balls of super-hot dense stuff in space. Their temperature is measured in the millions and billions. Their brightness is measured in magnitude. Magnitude is the amount of light that the star emits. One would be how much our sun emits, one hundred would be one hundred times less then our sun emits, and point one would be ten times more then our sun emits.

The brightest star is R136, at eight million times brighter then our sun.

The dimmest star is WISEPA J182831.08+265037.8 at zero times the brightness of our sun.
Galaxies are collections of billions and billions of stars held together by gravity. There are 4 thypes galaxies, based on shape and star composition.
Elliptical galaxies are giant spheres made giant/supergiant/hypergiant red stars. These galaxies of often many billions of years old.
Spiral galaxies are shaped like spokes on a wheel, and consist of giant red

ICE CREAM!
Barf
USE THE FORCE
Their are many GALAXIES THROUGH OUT SPACE
Whoa...what?
stars near the center of the galaxy, and blue/yellow stars near the outer edges of the galaxy. These galaxies are a few billions of years old. Barred spiral galaxies are roughly the same.
Irregular galaxies are...irregular...they consist of almost every star, and are the largest galaxies known.
Our local Milky Way is a spiral galaxy.
Satellites are celestial objects that orbit other objects. Our moon is one.
Death stars
Death stars are gigantic metal weapons that obliterate planets with ease.
NO THEY ARE NOT!
Death stars are gigantic plasma structures that obliterare planets with ease. These stars are not classified because their masses and sizes change and fluctuate. They are so unstable that they expel energy through their poles...in the form of lasers made of pure gamma rays. This happens because inside, its so dense, that instead of forming just iron, a star is fusing so fast and at such high energy levels that gold, lead, silver, and platinum is formed. These death stars are as rare as...finding a not-eaten bowl of pho in front of me...pretty rare. These elements that they create, though, are even rarer. That's why we gold, silver, lead, and platinum are so rare on Earth...everywhere else.
Within a month, the moon's face that shows towards Earth changes to and from a full circle to a thin crescent & back to a full moon.

The different phases (looks, appearance) are the result of the moon's position with Earth and the sun, when the moon orbiting around Earth, the amount of sun light on the moon's face changes which cause different phases.

Black Holes
Black Holes are balls of iron in space...really, they ARE. They used to be myths, like tornainbows...and volcainukes.
They are supergiant+ star cores that have expended all their energy and leave a solid ball of iron the size of earth. At which point, its so dense that it bends in on itself infinity times in one second. This is called a singularity...the most dangerous thing ever.
The Milky Way has a supermassive black hole in its center...that's why the stars orbit the center of the galaxy like the Earth orbits the Sun.
Phases of the Moon
Binary systems!
Binary stars are actually pairs of stars that are in a gravitic lock. Any two stars can be part of a binary system, as long as they can hold on to each other. There can be other types of stellar systems, as in tri-star systems, tetra-star systems, and so on. This binary star here is shaped like a peanut because it is two stars that orbit so close to each other that they share a gigantic amount of stellar mass. Triple+ stars are very unstable, because it is very hard to find a center of gravity for these stars...and one ends up getting graviticly thrown out of orbit.
Not a star...better.
Elliptical galaxies look like stars form the start, but they only consist of trillions of stars or so.
-Densely packed
-Because it is old, it accumulates a lot of stars
-masses of stars that contain little of star making gases.
-looks yellowish - redish
which is in diffrent than
blue color of most spiral
galaxies have through the
universe.
#ellgalaxy
Spiral galaxies, like our own Milky way are very common in this universe.
-Rather young galaxy
-Spins on an axis, a black hole
-Shape of a flat disc
- rotation flat
-contains stars,gas ,dust,
and
-a middle or center with
alot of stars known as the
bulge.

#spinysprial
-Your (great great great)^1000 gran mama's galaxy!
-Irregular galaxies are irregular because they have no shape.
- Other than that, it is irregular in its own shape.
-Is the result of galactic collisions
-Usually GIGANTIC
- unlike a spiral or an elliptical
galaxy
-Many irregular galaxies was
once a spiral or elliptical galaxy,
but they were deformed by a
wrong pull in a gravitational
pull. #weirdgalaxy
Galaxy groups and stuff...yeah...
Galaxies usually find themselves locked in gravitic groups, orbiting each other. An example of a galactic cluster is our own local group, and an example of a super-cluster is our own Virgo Super-Cluster.
Each pixel on this image
is one galaxy.

#Clusters
:D
:D
:D
)
:
(Censored in such a way... :3)
#lots
#showoff
#size
#bright
Ok, enough about big stuff, huh?
Wait, we're not done?
WE ARE NOT DONE!
...
We talked about the atom ,right?
Atoms make up cells, and cells make US up!
The Universe is big
Galaxies are also big
Solar systems are kinda big
Planets are good enough
Humans are human size...
Celles are also good enough
Molecules are kinda small
Atoms are just small
Subatomic particles are very small
Quarks are TINY
And muons are so tiny that tiny cannot even describe muons..
I COULD go more into this, but we are talking only a little bit about astronomy...and if I were to talk about how BIG we are instead of small, then I would have to go into biology, then chemistry, so it is just not worth it, considering that there are sixty slides in this presentation.
We are done, right?
No.
...
Yes.
YAY
Any questions?