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Timeline of the Apostle Paul (FA2-16)
Transcript of Timeline of the Apostle Paul (FA2-16)
BIBA 371-6 First Corinthians (FA2-16)
Paul in Jerusalem
Death of Aretas IV
King of Nebatea's Death - A.D. 40
Edict of Claudius
Proconsul of Achaia - May 51 AD
The Second Roman
Each student will make 2 contributions. Your contributions may come from the Books of Acts and/or 1 Corinthians using the following 5 categories:
Acts of God
Awkward Moments & Epic Fails
Each contribution should contain:
The category label
A brief summary/explanation
A graphic or picture
Awkward Moments & Epic Fails
Stoning of Stephen
Saul approves stoning Stephen
Then they ...stoned him. And the witnesses laid down their garments at the feet of a young man named Saul (Ac 7:58)
And when the blood of Your witness Stephen was being shed, I also was standing by approving, and watching out for the coats of those who were slaying him.’ (Ac 22:20; see also 8:1)
Saul regrets persecuting the church
For I am the least of the apostles, and not fit to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God. (1 Cor 15:9)
Jesus came ... to save sinners, among whom I am foremost of all (1 Ti 1:15.)
Dr. Fred Haltom
First Corinthians in 5 Minutes
The following historical events on our timeline are dated from external secular sources. They provide us PINPOINTS to build a chronology of Paul:
The death of Aretas IV, king of Nabatea—A.D. 40 (2 Cor. 11:32–33; Acts 9:23–25).
The expulsion of Jews from Rome by Claudius—A.D. 49 (Acts 18:2).
Gallio’s proconsulship in Achaia—began in May/June, A.D. 51 (Acts 18:12).
Procuratorship of Festus in Judea—began in May/June, A.D. 56 (Acts 24:27).
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Mysteries of the Bible - Paul the Apostle
The Expulsion of the Jews from Rome - 49 AD
Procurator in Judea - May 56 AD
This chronology uses Acts six summary statements which are topical rather than durational. Accordingly, Luke would be summarizing the important events that took place in the fulfillment of Jesus’ charge in Acts 1:8. Luke arranged Acts according to this topical format showing how the commission (to be His witnesses)
was implemented among the different ethnic segments in progressive geographical sequence:
Acts 1:1–6:7 Period One: evangelism among Jews in Jerusalem and Judea A.D. 30–33
Acts 6:8–9:31 Period Two: Hellenistic and Samaritan outreach; conversion of Paul A.D. 33–37
Acts 9:32–12:24 Period Three: Gentile outreach in Cilicia, Caesarea, and Antioch A.D. 37–47
Acts 12:25–16:5 Period Four: Paul and Barnabas’s work in Syria and Galatia A.D. 47–48
Acts 16:6–19:20 Period Five: Paul’s ministry in Western Asia and Europe A.D. 49–53
Acts 19:21–28:31 Period Six: events that led Paul to Rome A.D. 53–59
"At this stage in the scholarly development of Pauline chronology, I see no compelling reasons to abandon the traditional consensus. Without attempting to offer a solution for all the complex problems inherent in Pauline chronology, and allowing for individual variations within that consensus, I suggest a (Jerusalem) six-visit framework as follows:
1. Third-Year Visit, A.D. 37 (Gal. 1:18; Acts 9:26)
2. Famine Visit, A.D. 47 (Acts 11:29–30)
3. Fourteenth-Year Visit, A.D. 47 (Gal. 2:1–10)
4. Conference Visit, A.D. 49 (Acts 15:1–29)
5. Greeting Visit, A.D. 51 (Acts 18:22)
6. Arrest Visit, A.D. 54 (Acts 21:15ff.)"
John McRay, Paul: His Life and Teaching (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2003), 83–84.
Clues from the Chronology in the Book of ACTS
Witness to Jews in Jerusalem and Judea
Hellenistic and Samaritan outreach
Gentile outreach in Cilicia, Caesarea, and Antioch
The Book of Acts Summary Statements
Paul and Barnabus Missions in Syria and Galatia
Paul’s ministry in Western Asia and Europe
Events that led Paul to Rome
Ac 6:7 And the word of God continued to increase, and the number of the disciples multiplied greatly in Jerusalem, and a great many of the priests became obedient to the faith . (ESV)
Ac 9:31 So the church throughout all Judea and Galilee and Samaria had peace and was being built up. And walking in the fear of the Lord and in the comfort of the Holy Spirit, it multiplied. (ESV)
Ac 12:24 But the word of God increased and multiplied. (ESV)
Ac 16:5 So the churches were strengthened in the faith, and they increased in numbers daily. (ESV)
Ac 19:20 So the word of the Lord continued to increase and prevail mightily. (ESV)
Ac 28:31 proclaiming the kingdom of God and teaching about the Lord Jesus Christ with all boldness and without hindrance. (ESV)
Ac 1:8 Thesis
8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you, and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth. (ESV)
Death of Aretas IV (40 AD)
2 Cor 11:32,33
"In Damascus the governor under King Aretas
had the city of the Damascenes guarded in order to arrest me. But I was lowered in a basket from a window in the wall and slipped through his hands." (cf Act 9:20-23)
Aretas IV, the father-in-law of Herod Antipas, ruled over the kingdom of the Nabataean Arabs from c. 9 B.C. to A.D. 40.
Nabataea (=the "Arabia" of Gal 1:17) stretched east and south of the river Jordan.
Why did Aretas or his governor (ethnarches) want to arrest Paul?
- king offended by Paul's evangelistic activity in his kingdom (Gal 1:17)
- It is unlikely that Paul's sojourn in Arabia was simply a "spiritual retreat," for Luke is careful to note that immediately after his conversion Paul began to dispute in the synagogues of Damascus (Acts 9:20; see also Gal 1:22, 23)
Expulsion of Jews from Rome (49)
AC 18:2 "In Corinth he met a Jew named Aquila, a native of Pontus, who had recently come from Italy with his wife Priscilla, because Claudius had ordered all the Jews to leave Rome."
The Edict of Claudius, an expulsion order proclaimed during the ninth year of Emperor Claudius's reign (i.e., 25 January A.D. 49 to 24 January 50) and directed against the Jews in Rome to put down the riots arising within the Jewish community there
(cf. Suetonius Vita Claudius 25.4: "As the Jews were indulging in constant riots at the instigation of Chrestus, he banished them from Rome").
Suetonius, writing seventy years after the event, had no clear understanding of who this Chrestus really was and assumed him to be a local troublemaker
(the Gr. Chrestos means "useful" or "kindly" and was a common name for slaves in the Greco-Roman world).,
whereas the dispute in the Jewish community was over Jesus Christ and between those who favored his messiahship and those who rejected it.
Gallio’s Proconsulship in Achaia (May 51- 52)
"So Paul stayed for a year and a half, teaching them the word of God. While Gallio was proconsul of Achaia, the Jews made a united attack on Paul and brought him into court."
-Because Paul arrived 18 months prior to Gallio, he entered Corinth in the winter of 49/50 (Jan 50?).
-Paul's arrival at Corinth at the end of his 2nd missionary journey coincides with recent arrival of Priscilla/Aquila from Rome (Act 18:2)
Procuratorship of Festus in Judea (56? or 59?)
"When two years had passed, Felix was succeeded by Porcius Festus, but because Felix wanted to grant a favor to the Jews, he left Paul in prison."
Paul stood before the new procurator Festus in May 56 (McRay)
F.F.Bruce and others date Festus May 59.
Two years after Paul began his 'imprisonment' in Caesarea, the Roman governor Felix put down a Jewish uprising with such brutality that the Jewish Sanhedrin complained bitterly to Rome.
Using McRay, 3rd Journey ended June 54 AD. (Paul had been in prison in Caesarea 2 years)
Ananias Prays for Paul to Regain His Sight.
Famous People/Acts of God
"Ananias. Rise and go...For I will show him how much he must suffer for the sake of my name..."And laying his hands on him he said, "Brother Saul, the Lord Jesus who appeared to you on the road by which you came has sent me so that you may regain your sight and be filled with the Holy Spirit." Immediately something like scales fell from his eyes, and he regained his sight.
By Lance Langenberg
Paul Preaches So Long, Eutychus Falls to His Death!!
By Lance Langenberg
Verse 9, And being ovcome by sleep, he [Eutychus] fell down from the third story and was taken up dead.
Acts of God
Paul Meets Jesus on The Road to Damascus and Becomes Blind
"Saul got up from the ground, but when he opened his eyes he could see nothing. So they led him by hand into Damascus. For three days he was blind, and did not eat or drink anything."
Saul asked the high priest for letters into Damascus. He planned on taking more Christians captive and force them into captivity in Jerusalem. However, on his way to Damascus, Jesus appeared and struck Saul with blindness. He also gave Saul specific instructions, including how to get his sight back.
Paul and Barnabas Preach in Psidian Antioch 48 A.D.
Paul and Barnabas proclaim the Gospel and teach the crowd about the God of Abraham. The crowd urged them to stay and teach more, thus, on the next Sabbath, almost the whole city gathered to hear. Jewish leaders were furious and jealous and raised persecution against them.
This is a story of when Paul and Barnabas met a false prophet known as Bar-Jesus (son of Jesus). While they were preaching the Word of God, he proceeded to interfere and because of this he was struck blind.
Acts of God
By: Cindy Burgess
Acts of God
Lydia's Heart is Opened
This is an excellent example of how God works both in the speaker and in the receiver.
This is a prime example of how God works not only through the speaker but also through the receiver.
Awkward Moments & Epic Fails
Paul is Abandoned
John Mark Abandons Paul and Barnabas
ACTS 13:13-14 From Paphos, Paul and company put out to sea, sailing on to Perga in Pamphylia. That’s where John called it quits and went back to Jerusalem. From Perga the rest of them traveled on to Antioch in Pisidia. (MSG)
John Mark misses out on the movement of the gospel
ACTS 13:49 And this Message of salvation spread like wildfire all through the region.
By: Charity Cook
Acts of God
Paul Heals the Cripple
8 In Lystra there sat a man who was lame. He had been that way from birth and had never walked. 9 He listened to Paul as he was speaking. Paul looked directly at him, saw that he had faith to be healed 10 and called out, “Stand up on your feet!” At that, the man jumped up and began to walk. (NIV)
This is one of the only miracles documented in the Acts as being performed by Paul in Lystra. This had to be effective and reaching people in that city to Christ.
By: Charity Cook
Paul and Barnabas Parted Company
But Paul thought best not to take with them one who had withdrawn from them in Pamphylia and had not gone with them to the work. (Ac 15:38).
- Paul and Barnabas disagree over John Mark.
- During second missionary journey Paul and Barnabas go seperate ways.
27 This man was seized by the Jews and was about to be killed by them when I came upon them with the soldiers and rescued him, having learned that he was a Roman citizen. 28 And desiring to know the charge for which they were accusing him, I brought him down to their council. (Acts 23:27–28)
- Paul is attacked by a Jewish mob
- The Jews had plotted to kill him
- Paul's nephew brings the word to roman soliders
A plot to kill Paul
This first imprisonment of Paul in Rome lasted for two years. It was not a harsh confinement. Rather than being thrown into a public prison, Paul was allowed to live by himself with a soldier to guard him. While indoors he was unchained and he was free to leave the house as he pleased as long as he remained chained to his military guard.
Saul Proclaims the Messiah
Scenes and Scenery
Shortly after recieving his sight, Paul is immediately a changed man. He begins proclaiming the very Gospel he was killing people for only days prior. This radical change stirred up everyone and caused the Jews to plot his death leading him to meet the disciples back in Jerusalem.
In Acts chapter 12:20-25 a large menace to the early church dies.
Herod was responsible for jailing apostles such as Peter also Acts 12 and was responsible for murdering John the baptist and James.
Acts of God
By Jeremy Storz
25 And at midnight Paul and Silas prayed, and sang praises unto God: and the prisoners heard them.
26 And suddenly there was a great earthquake, so that the foundations of the prison were shaken: and immediately all the doors were opened, and every one's bands were loosed.
27 And the keeper of the prison awaking out of his sleep, and seeing the prison doors open, he drew out his sword, and would have killed himself, supposing that the prisoners had been fled.
28 But Paul cried with a loud voice, saying, Do thyself no harm: for we are all here.
29 Then he called for a light, and sprang in, and came trembling, and fell down before Paul and Silas,
30 And brought them out, and said, Sirs, what must I do to be saved?
31 And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house.
32 And they spake unto him the word of the Lord, and to all that were in his house.
33 And he took them the same hour of the night, and washed their stripes; and was baptized, he and all his, straightway.
34 And when he had brought them into his house, he set meat before them, and rejoiced, believing in God with all his house.
This is a very famous act of God in the book of Acts. It shows the power of prayer, a miracle of God, and his grace and compassion along with Paul's. Paul stopped the guard from harming himself and led him to Christ. He then is able to escape by no means of his own doing.
"Brothers and Sisters"
"I appeal to you brothers and sisters...." (1 Cor 1:10
"My brothers and sisters, some from Chloe's household..." (1:11)
"Brothers and sisters, think of what you were..." (1:26)
Paul uses the phrase "brothers and sisters" three times in the first chapter of 1 Corinthians (written around 53 AD) and he also uses it throughout the book. Paul emphasizes unity in this letter in particular and perhaps uses this language to help reiterate it.
"...but to preach the gospel- not with
or eloquence..." (1 Cor 1:17)
"For the foolishness of God is wiser than human
"...so that your faith might not rest in the
of men but in the power of God." (2:5)
of this world is folly with God." (3:19)
Wisdom is mentioned in 1 Corinthians 17 times, eight of which are mentioned in the first chapter. It is one of the main things that Paul addresses in his letter because the love and adoration of human wisdom is greatly idolized in the culture of Corinth.
Acts 13:9 Then Saul, who was also called Paul, filled with the Holy Spirit, looked straight at Elymas and said, 10 “You are a child of the devil and an enemy of everything that is right! You are full of all kinds of deceit and trickery. Will you never stop perverting the right ways of the Lord? 11 Now the hand of the Lord is against you. You are going to be blind for a time, not even able to see the light of the sun.” Immediately mist and darkness came over him, and he groped about, seeking someone to lead him by the hand. 12 When the proconsul saw what had happened, he believed, for he was amazed at the teaching about the Lord.
But after the disciples gathered around him, Paul got up and went back into the city.
They dragged him outside the city, thinking he was dead.
Back to Jerusalem
Acts 9: 26-29
When he came to Jerusalem, he tried to join the disciple.
But they were all afraid of him, not believing that he really was a disciple.
But Barnabas took him and brought him to the apostles. he told them how Saul on his journey had see the Lord and that the Lord had spoken to him, and how in Damascus he had preached fearlessly in the name of Jesus.
So Saul stayed with them and moved about freely in Jerusalem, speaking boldly in the name of the Lord.
He talked and debated with the Hellenistic Jews, but they tried to kill him.
In Acts chapter 3:1-10 Peter and John went to the temple and saw a man who was lame from his mothers womb that was carried to the temple everyday to beg from those entering the temple. The lame man turned and looked at them and Peter healed him in the name of Jesus Christ. The lame man then started to walk leaping and praising God, astonishing everyone around.
Healing of a Lame Man
Acts of God
Dorcas Restored to Life
Act of God
In Acts Chapter 9:36-43, there was a disciple named Dorcas who always did good works and acts of charity. She then became sick and died. Other disciples went and got Peter. When Peter arrived he knelt by her bed and prayed commanding her to get up. she was then brought back to life. This miracle became a great witness of the Lord's works.
By: Bri S
By: Bri S.
LOVE IS THE GREATEST
4 Love is patient, love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud. (1 COR13:4)
Paul is describing "good things" and comparing it to the incomparable - which is love. He says that having gifts and talents without love is meaningless.
THE HOLY SPIRIT COMES
AWKWARD MOMENTS & EPIC FAILS
13 Some, however, made fun of them and said, “They have had too much wine.”
They made fun of the gift of tongues but the Holy Spirit was clearly present and moving.
Acts 12 1-19
6 The night before Herod was to bring him to trial, Peter was sleeping between two soldiers, bound with two chains, and sentries stood guard at the entrance. 7 Suddenly an angel of the Lord appeared and a light shone in the cell. He struck Peter on the side and woke him up. “Quick, get up!” he said, and the chains fell off Peter’s wrists.
Herod had James killed and saw how happy the Jews were and so he grabbed Peter and was going to try and do the same. Not only did he fail, but he also ended up getting struck down by God not long after. This was between 41AD and 44 AD
37 But Paul said to the officers: “They beat us publicly without a trial, even though we are Roman citizens, and threw us into prison. And now do they want to get rid of us quietly? No! Let them come themselves and escort us out.”
38 The officers reported this to the magistrates, and when they heard that Paul and Silas were Roman citizens, they were alarmed. 39 They came to appease them and escorted them from the prison, requesting them to leave the city.
What makes this an epic fail is: 1st Paul and Silas were imprisoned and while in Prison they started praying and singing Hymns to God. This caused not only an earthquake which freed them it also caused the conversion of a guard & his whole family. 2nd is the fact of not only were Paul and Silas released they made magistrates come get them and escort them out to show everyone they were wrongly imprisoned in the first place.
Acts 16: 37-38 44AD to 49AD
By Cora Fall