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Women's Rights 1920's-1930's
Transcript of Women's Rights 1920's-1930's
when men came back after the war it was assumed that the jobs women had taken over during the war would be given to the men
women were expected to go back to their society expectations of taking care of their families and homes
it went so far that even the federal government created a poster campaign to encourage women to leave their jobs
even the Woman's Department of the Canadian Reconstruction Association published booklets informing women that "No other work that a women can do is as important to Canada as making a home and taking care of children."
by 1918 women unemployment was extremely high and those who did have their job had much smaller wages
it was more acceptable for single women to work but this was only supposed to be for a short time before they got married
this unfairness and attitude towards women became more clear and inspired women to fight back
WOMEN GOING THROUGH CHANGE
During the War
Emily Murphy was born in Cookstown, Ontario on March 14, 1868
The family she grew up in was wealthy, so getting a good education and things that she needed were easy for her
After growing up so nicely, Emily was astounded to learn about poverty and women's rights, she knew she had to change things
She and Neliie McClung worked together in Alberta to allow woman to vote on a provincial level
Women in Alberta could vote in 1916 and woman in Canada in 1919
In the 1920's Emily worked hard with her social activists, intent on changing laws about women
Along the way Emily sometimes became depressed and used illegal drugs
Emily continued to work hard until the day of her death (1933)
Irene was born in London, England to a well off family and came to Alberta in 1896
When she came to Alberta there were things she found unfair or unjust
She was elected in 1921 to the Alberta Legislature under the United Farmers of Alberta
Through her life Irene helped change 18 bills that improved the rights and circumstances of women and children
She was the second women who had become a cabinet minister for the British Empire up at that point
Later she joined the "Alberta Five" and helped fight and win the Persons Case
Henrietta Muir Edwards
Henrietta was born in Montreal, Quebec on December 18, 1849
She died in Fort Macleod, Alberta on November 10, 1931
Over the years Henrietta played a large role in women's rights and how evolved they became
She was involved in many things from helping found the Working Girls Association to writing handbooks on women and Canadian law
Henrietta was an artist as well as a legal expert
She believed that women should be able to dress how they wanted, not how society thought they should dress (ie. she did not wear corsets)
Nellie McClung was born on October 20th, 1873
she grew up in rural Manitoba
from a young age Nellie disagreed with male and women attitudes, she wondered why girls were not treated the same
this sparked her impacting political career
Nellie was a teacher and wasn't afraid to speak her mind and teach her students especially about the negative effects of alcohol
she was strongly involved in the Women's Christian Temperance Union
she became a well known public speaker on the affects of alcohol and was a well known suffragist
she was also a famous writer for romance novels
with her strong campaigning and creating public awareness she helped Manitoba become the first province to give women the right to vote and the ban of alcohol
she later moved to Edmonton and in 1921 became a Liberal member of the Alberta legislature until 1926
after, she was heavily involved in the Person's Case of 1929
Nellie McClung died on September 1st, 1951 to be remembered as not only a mother of five children but an empowered and inspiring women that we can be thankful for today
women were a big part of the war effort
they finally got the chance to integrate into society
few women were prestigious enough to go overseas as nurses to help those injured in battle
although most women stayed home they were still able to help
they took over "men's" jobs including things such as working in metal factories, machine shops, aircraft factories, munition plants, and shipyards
other jobs included working on streetcars, buses, police forces, farms, and in civil services
even though women were working extremely hard to help the men overseas they were paid half what men would have been paid
labour unions and factories were against employing women so they didn't provide child care which meant women had to stay home with their kids until they were older
but eventually as more and more men went off to war these companies realized they needed women
basically women kept Canada running while the men fought in Europe
Works Cited List
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Aitken, Bob, Diana Eaton, Dick Holland, John Montgomery, Garfield Newman, and Sonia Riddoch. "Women and Politics in the 1920s." Canada: A Nation Unfolding. Ontario Edition ed. Toronto: McGraw-Hill, 2000. 170-72. Print.
Aitken, Bob, Diana Eaton, Dick Holland, John Montgomery, Garfield Newman, and Sonia Riddoch. "Women." Canada: A Nation Unfolding. Ontario Edition ed. Toronto: McGraw-Hill, 2000. 188. Print.
Aitken, Bob, Diana Eaton, Dick Holland, John Montgomery, Garfield Newman, and Sonia Riddoch. "Women in Post-War Canadian Society." Canada: A Nation Unfolding. Ontario Edition ed. Toronto: McGraw-Hill, 2000. 136-37. Print.
Aitken, Bob, Diana Eaton, Dick Holland, John Montgomery, Garfield Newman, and Sonia Riddoch. "Women, Social Reform, and the Vote." Canada: A Nation Unfolding. Ontario Edition ed. Toronto: McGraw-Hill, 2000. 97-98. Print.
Benham, Mary Lile. Nellie McClung. Don Mills, Ont.: Fitzhenry & Whiteside, 1975. Print. The Canadians.
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THE ALBERTA FIVE
women started cutting their hair, wearing pants and changing their way of life
women were meant to wear long skirts, have braids in their hair and stay home with children
after the war women felt empowered once they realized how much they could do for the community
they could do just as well as men in the work force and started seeing all the disadvantages there were to staying home
many women's groups were formed revolving around women's rights and speaking up for themselves in the community
banners were made and protests were done to increase awareness
overall all of this contributed to women being independent and women equality in the 1920's and 1930's
The Person's Case
The Alberta five or also known as the famous five were prominent woman in Canadian history
The five women were Emily Murphy, Nellie McClung, Henrietta Muir Edwards , Irene Parlby and Louise Crummy McKinny
All living in Alberta the women banded together to fight for women's rights and took inspiration from each other
Each was their own activist
However they were all part of groups which fought for women equality
The disaster of the Great War was the foundation for the progress of women's rights in Canada in the 1920's and 1930's. Throughout the course of twenty years, woman's lives were changed immensely. From getting a maternity leave to achieving the right to vote women have pushed through. We hope after learning about the struggle of women's rights in this presentation that you believe that they should have a chance to change the world, just as men have.
Up until 1929 women were not considered as "qualified persons" by law
this meant they could not run for Senate
but not only that, it was a insult to all women
Emily Murphy a well known suffragist decided to take action and fight against this unequal law
the fight was so that women could run for Senate and and prove that men and women should both be seen as "persons"
so she and four other women's rights activists joined together and petitioned the Supreme Court
their petition was denied in 1928 but they didn't give up
they petitioned to the Privy Council in England that was above the Supreme Court and finally got their victory in 1929
the Privy Council declared that the "exclusion of women from all public offices is a relic of days more barbarous than ours."
this was a huge achievement for Canadian women
they were now, by law considered to be "persons" just as men were
Louise McKinny was born on September 22, 1868 in Frankville, Ontario
she later moved to Alberta and became a teacher
she was a member and organizer for the Woman's Christian Temperance Union
in her campaigning she became a part of the fight for getting the vote in Alberta, and the ban of alcohol
She also became a lead role in the campaign and also ended up winning the first Dower Act of Alberta
she was elected to the Alberta Legislature in 1917 as the first woman in the British Empire to be in a Legislative Assembly
Louise McKinny died on July 10, 1931